Flandriako hondakinen kudeaketa aurkezpena - 2 lore marien

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  • 1. Prevention and management of household waste in Flanders Lore Marin OVAM (Flemish Public Waste Agency) 27.04.2009

2. 3 Overview A. Responsibility for waste management B. Waste treatment in Flanders 1992-2007 C. Flemish waste management according to the waste hierarchy I. prevention and re-use II. selective collection and recycling III. residual waste treatment: incineration and landfilling D. Conclusions 3. 4 A. Responsibility for waste management Belgium= Federal state with 3 regions: 3 regional + 1 federal authority Waste management = regional competence OVAM is the regional authority responsible for making policy on waste in Flanders Municipalities are responsible for the execution of the collection and treatment of household waste 4. 5 B. Waste treatment in Flanders 1995-2007 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 year kgperinhabitant landfilled MBT incinerated recycled 5. 6 C. Waste management according to the waste hierarchy I. Prevention and re-use: Flemish initiatives Re-use shops 100 shops 7.19 kg/inhabitant collected in 2007 furniture, EEE, toys, clothes, etc. susidies for re-use shops 6. 7 I. Prevention and re-use: Flemish initiatives Home composting 25% of the Flemish households (mainly in rural areas) 5 compost masters per 10,000 inhabitants communication campaigns, training and household waste charging are crucial Neighbourhood composting in urban areas 7. 8 I. Prevention and re-use: Flemish initiatives Please no publicity stickers Communication campaigns on waste prevention Financial support for local authorities which launch waste prevention initiatives Cooperation agreements containing prevention measures between local authorities and the OVAM 8. 9 I. Prevention and re-use: Flemish initiatives Promotion of ecodesign ecodesign awards for students and professionals ecolizer Eco-efficiency scan Green procurement: - office supplies - cleaning products - electric/electronical equipment - varnish and lacks 9. 10 I. Prevention and re-use: future objectives Increase sustainable production and consumption in absolute and relative terms more innovation retail sector offers and sells more sustainable products by 2015 more sustainable products consumed by 2015 central role of the government in sustainable consumption via green public procurement 10. 11 I. Prevention and re-use: future objectives Far-reaching decoupling between economic growth and waste production by 2010 i.e. stabilisation of waste generation compared to 2000 at 560 kg/inhabitant 2% prevention (dry fraction) per year 25% of households engage in high-quality home composting 10 kg/inhabitant is collected for re-use increase in the number of companies participating in selective collection 11. 12 II. Selective collection and recycling Selective collection schemes to allow for separation at the source a) kerbside collection b) municipal recycling yards c) collection via retailers Polluter pays principle household waste charging based on volume or weight recycling fees extended producer responsibility Differentiated tarification = mixed household waste is more expensive to discard than selectively collected waste 12. 13 II. Selective collection and recycling a) kerbside collection Kerbside collection mixed waste (charged) plastic bottles, metal packaging and drinking cartons ( 0.125 per 60 l bag) paper and cardboard (free) glass bottles (free) vegetable, fruit and garden waste (charged) bulky waste (free or charged) Others bottle banks (free) textile containers (free) 13. 14 II. Selective collection and recycling: charges for mixed waste collection Bag (60 l): between 0.75 and 2.5 Container (120 l) taxation per volume: 2.5 - 3.76 taxation per weight: 0.15 - 0.2/kg taxation per offer: 0.25 - 1 solutions for urban areas collective containers subterranean containers 14. 15 II. Selective collection and recycling: correlation between price and amount of waste generated 116 107 102 93 82 101 76 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 - 0,99 bag 1 - 1,24 bag 1,25 - 1,49 bag 1,50 bag > 1,50 bag volum e chip weight chip kg/inhabitant 15. 16 II. Selective collection and recycling: illegal and evasive behaviour 5 to 10 % of the population is responsible for illegal behaviour 75 % of the illegally disposed waste consists of waste without municipal taxation => no link between expensive waste bag or container and illegal behaviour Municipalities need to punish illegal behaviour Waste tourism can be avoided by using the same tariffs in neighbouring municipalities 16. 17 II. Selective collection and recycling b) recycling yards 337 container parcs (308 municipalities) which collect 50% of the household waste A wide range of waste streams are separately collected in those parks: construction and demolition waste, cooking oils, batteries and accumulators, polystyrene, WEEE, paper and cardboard, PE foils, metals, textiles, fluorescent tubes, light bulbs, wood, green waste, car tyres, bicycle tyres, asbestos, gypsum, bitumen, hazardous waste and non-recyclable combustible wastes 17. 18 II. Selective collection and recycling c) collection at retailers WEEE batteries and accumulators ink-cartridges pharmaceuticals car tyres 18. 19 II. Selective collection and recycling extended producer responsibility Producers are financially responsible for the collection and treatment of their products once they have become waste (acceptance obligation) Printed paper, batteries and accumulators, waste pharmaceuticals, end-of-life vehicles, waste tyres, waste electrical and electronic appliances, lighting equipment, waste industrial and cooking oils 19. 20 Composition of mixed waste bag 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 1995 2006 biowaste paper/carboard glass metals plastics textiles hazardous mixed fraction inert fraction others 20. 21 II. Selective collection and recycling future objectives Limit residual household waste to 150 kg/inhabitant/year Each individual municipality has less than 180 kg residual waste per year per inhabitant BUT: A correction factor may be applied in the case of big cities (flats, tourism,) By 2010 75% of the household waste is collected selectively for the purpose of re-use and recycling 21. 22 Example of waste collection in big cities Antwerp: + 470.000 inhabitants lots of nationalities, lots of poverty:districts with 30% migration/year toerism, students How to manage the waste stream? Since 1998 selective collection of waste several systems and 9 container parks Priority:push back illegal duming and street litter refusing to collect waste that is offered in the wrong bag Results: 61,5% of the waste was recycled in 2007 (~72% in global for Flanders). 22. 23 Experiments with kerbside collection in Antwerp 1. containers/bags on the street 2. containers in special areas (closed for strangers) 3. subterranean containers 23. 24 1. Containers/bags on the street 24. 25 2. Containers in special areas 25. 26 Evaluation Not aesthetic takes a lot of free space difficult to charge the right people (DIFTAR) 26. 27 3. Subterranean containers - BEFORE - 27. 28 3. Subterranean containers -PLACING- 28. 29 3. Subterranean containers -PLACING- 29. 30 3. Subterranean containers -AFTER- 30. 31 3. Subterranean containers -MIXED WASTE- 31. 32 3. -VEGETABLE, FRUIT, GARDEN WASTE 32. 33 3. Subterranean containers -PAPER- 33. 34 3. -PLASTIC BOTTLES, METAL PACKAGING, DRINK CARTONS 34. 35 Acces by prepaid badge 35. 36 Example of glass container - free of charge- 36. 37 Example of glass container - free of charge- 37. 38 Emptying 38. 39 Emptying 39. 40 Emptying 40. 41 Emptying 41. 42 Emptying Nog foto gaan nemen ?? 19 maart 200719 maart 2007 42. 43 Evaluation aesthetic in the middel of a square: social control place saving: the square can still maintain his function costsaving: placing of the container is expensive: 10.000 euro BUT very cheap in the use: in 1 move the truck can pick up the weight of 120 sacks of waste 43. 44 III. Residual waste treatment: incinerating It is prohibited to incinerate: selectively collected wastes that can be recycled with the exception of some high calorific wastes for renewable energy purposes unsorted household waste unsorted industrial waste Motivated derogation possible 44. 45 III. Residual waste treatment: landfilling It is prohibited to landfill: unsorted household and industrial waste wastes that were selectively collected for the purpose of recovery combustible residues from the sorting of household waste or comparable industrial waste waste pharmaceuticals Motivated derogation possible 45. 46 III. Residual waste treatment steering of landfill and incineration costs Smart taxes make landfilling more expensive than incineration make (co)incineration more expensive than recycling steer the market towards the treatment option with the lowest environmental impact Restrictive permitting policy for landfills increases landfilling costs 46. 47 III. Residual waste treatment examples of landfilling and incineration costs Tariff Tax Total Landfilling municipal waste 60 75 135 Incineration of municipal waste 70 - 130 7 77 - 137 47. 48 D. Conclusions for us Maybe Flanders is now a champion in selective collection but we must stay alert! Prevention of waste is the main challenge for the coming years 48. 49 D. Conclusions for you Lessons from the Flemish experience: Work on all levels of the waste hierarchy Source separation of crucial importance sensibilisation campaigns selective collection schemes polluter pays principle Limit residual waste treatment capacity to the minimum Make landfilling expensive and ban it for as many wastes as possible 49. 50 Thank you for your attention More information about our household waste management plan? See english brochure on our website: http://www.ovam.be/jahia/Jahia/cache/offonce/pid/176? actionReq=actionPubDetail&fileItem=1591 Lore Marin OVAM ++32 15 284 504 [email protected]