Filipino Culture - World View, Values and Expressions 1

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Transcript of Filipino Culture - World View, Values and Expressions 1

FILIPINO CULTURE: WORLD VIEW / VALUES AND EXPRESSIONSFelipe M. de Leon, Jr.

What is Culture? To culture is to cultivate, as in agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture, sericulture, beauty culture, voice culture, etc. Any activity, product or expression attained through the application of human skill is CULTURE, that which is not is NATURE, such as trees, rivers, mountains, birds.

In its broadest sense, culture may be defined as: Way of life, a design for living Shared patterns of behavior and meaning, of expectations and responses Shared system of vital ideas about the world

UNESCO defines culture as:The whole complex of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features that characterize a society or social group. It includes not only the arts and letters, but also modes of life, the fundamental rights of the human being, value systems, traditions and beliefs.

Cosmic Matrix of Being

In Philippine culture, there is an underlying belief in the shared identity of human beings.

Individual existence is only apparent and relative. For we all exist within a cosmic matrix of being at the deepest center of which is a creative living principle or energic process (kalooban ng Maylikha).

REALITY FLOW FROM INNER TO OUTER

ENERGY FLOW FROM SOUL TO PHYSICAL BODY

THE CORE VALUES KAPWA Shared Identity/Goodness/Divinity PAKIRAMDAM Shared Inner Perception KAGANDAHANG LOOB Shared Humanity

KAPWASHARED IDENTITY (Shared Inner Self, The other person is also yourself, Shared Goodness/ Divinity) the core of Filipino psychology, it is humaneness at the highest level implies unique moral obligation to treat one another as equal fellow human beings

Treat the other person as you treat yourself because the other person is also yourself - Filipino core idea

Basis of the Golden Rule Kapwa is an awareness of the rootedness of each one of us in the One Divine Essence within. (This makes the concept of kapwa together with the honorific po in polite conversation, quite Asian in character). Hence, it implies the golden rule of all the great religions. Treat your neighbor as you treat yourself (because your

IN LAK'ECHYUCATEC MAYAN CODE OF HONOR:

"I AM ANOTHER YOURSELF"

If there is no other there is no war In Filipino psychology, there is no concept of the other in the other person. The other(kapwa) is also yourself. This makes Filipinos a highly relational and essentially nonconfrontational people, as monumentally demonstrated in the peaceful EDSA Revolution (If there is no other there is no war Ivana Milojevic).

Unlike pakikisama, pakikipagkapwa has no negative connotation. The more one engages in it, the more the goodness in the persons involved is evoked from within. Thus kapwa is an inner principle of shared goodness/Godness (both words having the same etymology), not just shared identity. Through the revelation of our potential for shared goodness, the process of kapwa affirms and recognizes the ultimate oneness of

An Affirmation of the Ultimate Oneness of Humanity

Principle of Integration Pakikipagkapwa, in principle, excludes any action that may be detrimental or harmful to other human beings. It is definitely inconsistent with exploitative human transactions. It is the capacity to recognize the good in every human being and integrate oneself within the widest social fabric.

PAKIRAMDAMSHARED INNER PERCEPTION (Knowing Through Feeling or Tacit Knowing; Participatory Sensitivity) A unique social skill inherent in Filipino personhood The need for openness and basic trust is a precondition for this active process of sensing subtle cues

PAKIKIRAMDAM AND LAMBING:

Soft, Flowing Movements Pakikiramdam, knowing through feeling or participatory sensitivity makes the Filipino especially compassionate, affective, malambing, gentle, and kind.

Sharing of Moods and Feelings Pakikiramdam is the ability to participate in the inner life process or monitor the flow of feelings in others, especially if deeper feelings are involved. This is the source of the much vaunted Filipino affinity with the underdog, melodrama, and sentimental and compassionate nature.

KAGANDAHANG LOOBSHARED HUMANITY (Pagkamakatao; A Shared Inner Nobility; A Quiet Sense of Responsibility for Others; A Great Compassion for All Living Beings) Nudges a person towards genuine acts of generosity, kindness and caring

Levels of Filipino Social Interaction AMONG OUTSIDERS:

PAKIKITUNGO (courtesy) PAKIKISALAMUHA (mixing) PAKIKILAHOK (joining) PAKIKIBAGAY (adapting) PAKIKISAMA (getting alongwith)

PAKIKISAMADEEPEST LEVEL OF INVOLVEMENT WITH ANOTHER PERSON STILL CONSIDERED AN OUTSIDER (IBANG TAO) Characteristic tendencies of this trait are giving in to another persons wish, demands, wants or desires. The motive for this could be politeness or expectation of future concessions or immediate rewards

Levels of Filipino Social InteractionAMONG INSIDERS:

PAKIKIPAGPALAGAYANG-LOOB (rapport) PAKIKISANGKOT (co-involvement) PAKIKIISA (oneness, unity with) Here the goal of Pakikipagkapwa is realized

FILIPINOS ACHIEVE MATURITY THROUGH SOCIAL INTEGRATION ARE EXCEEDINGLY ACTIVE AND CREATIVE IN SOCIAL RELATIONS, ALWAYS EXPLORING NEWER AND RICHER WAYS OF HARMONIZING AND CONNECTING WITH OTHERS Filipinos are masters of interpersonal skills Pakiramdam makes Filipinos adept in non-verbal communication

LISTEN TO THE FEELING TONE Do not listen to what the Filipino says as much as how he says it. Listen to the feeling tone, read between the lines Filipinos communicate non-verbally most of the time Be sensitive to non-verbal symbols, facial expressions, gestures, or body language to understand what the Filipino is really trying to say

Makuha Ka Sa Tingin88 WAYS OF LOOKING IN TAGALOG

TINGIN to look DILAT, PANDILATAN stare squarely at MASID, MASDAN observe or look at searchingly MALAS observing look MATYAG close observation LIYAW to spy, watch, observe

ANINAG see thru a transparent or translucent medium ANINAW see thru a haze TANGHOD to look fascinatedly TANGA, TUMANGA to look at something absentmindedly SULILING to glance sideways, affectedly or disdainfully MATA, MATAHIN to look at something with critical eyes, condescendingly

SILAY briefly but seriously TITIG steadfastly and fixedly IRAP with annoyance LISIK sparkling of the eyes as when one is extremely irked or irritated LIING to look out of the corner of ones eyes MUSING with a frown SULI vexedly DAYAP with an evil eye

ILAM to look sideways SULYAP sidewise quickly DUNGSOL look again and again LINGAP cast a glance LINGA look here and there as if searching for something LINGI, LINGIGIG look here and there, worriedly because of some noise LINGOS here and there, unmindfully

BALILILING with a turn of the head LINGON over ones shoulders TUNGO downwards TINGALA upwards SIPAT looking over (a surface) to check levelness, (or a line, row) to check alignment SUMIK looking as if listening BANTAY to look at what is ones own (to keep an eye on)

TANAW looking from a distance TANGHAL looking from a distance contemplating the beauty or grandeur of something NOOD to look at something that brings delight TINGHAD strain ones neck in order to see an object not on the level of ones eyes MULAGAT stare SILIP peep

SIGLAP superficial, accidental glance without much attention SIGLAW glimpse; involuntary passing notice PATUMANGA or DANGA look born of awe or dread LISAW disquieting look because of anger LILAP peculiar flushing of the eyes of drunks TUNGANGA open-mouthed curiosity or indifference

BALING look from one side to another SULINDING, PASULINDING glance obliquely, superciliously MANGANINO, MANALAMIN to look into a mirror SILAW dazzled ALIBAY follow a moving object with ones eyes BANAAG glimpse, have a glimmer of MULAT open eyed At marami pang iba

FILIPINOS AT THEIR BEST - ARE A HIGHLY NURTURING, CARING, SHARING PEOPLE, WITH A STRONG MATERNAL ORIENTATION, AND DEFINITELY NOT LONERS.Filipinos, because of their genius in interpersonal communication and a

FILIPINOS LOVE TO CONNECT, ESPECIALLY TO PEOPLE Among the most highly relational in the world, Filipinos are hardly alone. They are happy being together when they eat, sleep, work, travel, pray, create or celebrate. They like to feel connected to the world, God and nature, but most of all to people.

Walang gustong maiwanan sa kodakan

Togetherness is happiness Filipinos hardly eat alone Invite a person to your party, how many will come? Bantay(watcher) & extra bed Prizes for everybody Do not praise small items Juan Flavier

Pabalot, balato, bonus (forms of sharing) Pasalubong( quasi-sacred ritual: gift from a journey) Cannot keep secrets Relational terms for calling each other Texting and facebook capital of the world No isolated notes (hagod, slides, scooping)

Pitch Relations Reflect People Relations In individualistic cultures where people preserve their private space and separateness from others, musical pitches also tend to be discrete or isolated from each other. In communal cultures where togetherness and connectedness with others is highly valued, musical pitches tend to be bridged by slides or a microtonal continuum.

Notes are People

Loners More Prone to Heart Disease People with lots of friends are usually the healthiest in the world Lack of friends and close social ties are the hidden cause of heart disease As social ties increase, mortality rates decrease Married people, members of religious groups and the like often live longer Social isolation breeds depression, which may lead to lower im