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Article about the FIFA World Cup

Transcript of FIFA World Cup

  • Founded 1930Number ofteams

    32 (nals)204 (qualiers for 2010)


    Spain (1st title)


    Brazil (5 titles)

    Website Ocial website(

    2014 FIFA World Cup

    FIFA World Cup

    Tournaments1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958

    1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002

    2006 2010 2014 2018 2022

    FIFA World CupFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThe FIFA World Cup, often simply the World Cup, is aninternational association football competition contested bythe senior men's national teams of the members ofFdration Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), thesport's global governing body. The championship has beenawarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held becauseof the Second World War. The current champions are Spain,who won the 2010 tournament in South Africa.The current format of the tournament involves 32 teamscompeting for the title at venues within the host nation(s)over a period of about a month; this phase is often called theWorld Cup Finals. A qualication phase, which currentlytakes place over the preceding three years, is used todetermine which teams qualify for the tournament togetherwith the host nation(s).The 19 World Cup tournaments have been won by eightdierent national teams. Brazil have won ve times, and theyare the only team to have played in every tournament. Theother World Cup winners are Italy, with four titles; WestGermany, with three titles; Argentina and inaugural winnersUruguay, with two titles each; and England, France, andSpain, with one title each.The World Cup is the most widely viewed and followedsporting event in the world, exceeding even the Olympic Games; the cumulative audience of allmatches of the 2006 FIFA World Cup was estimated to be 26.29 billion with an estimated 715.1million people watching the nal match, a ninth of the entire population of the planet.[1][2][3][4]The 2014 FIFA World Cup is currently being contested in Brazil. The next two World Cups will behosted by Russia in 2018, and Qatar in 2022.

    Contents1 History

    1.1 Previous international competitions1.2 World Cups before World War II1.3 World Cups after World War II1.4 Expansion to 32 teams1.5 Possible expansion to 40 teams1.6 Other FIFA tournaments

    2 Trophy3 Format

    3.1 Qualication3.2 Final tournament

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  • Map of FIFA World Cup nal hosts, 1930-2022. Dark green: once;light green: twice

    4 Hosts4.1 Selection process4.2 Performances

    5 Organisation and media coverage5.1 Attendance

    6 Results6.1 Teams reaching the top four6.2 Best performances by continental zones

    7 Awards8 Records and statistics9 See also10 Notes and references11 Bibliography12 External links

    HistoryPrevious internationalcompetitionsThe world's rst internationalfootball match was a challengematch played in Glasgow in 1872between Scotland and England,[5]which ended in a 00 draw. Therst international tournament, theinaugural edition of the BritishHome Championship, took place in1884.[6] As football grew inpopularity in other parts of theworld at the turn of the 20thcentury, it was held as ademonstration sport with no medals awarded at the 1900 and 1904 Summer Olympics (however, theIOC has retroactively upgraded their status to ocial events), and at the 1906 IntercalatedGames.[7]After FIFA was founded in 1904, it tried to arrange an international football tournament betweennations outside the Olympic framework in Switzerland in 1906. These were very early days forinternational football, and the ocial history of FIFA describes the competition as having been afailure.[8]At the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, football became an ocial competition. Planned by TheFootball Association (FA), England's football governing body, the event was for amateur players onlyand was regarded suspiciously as a show rather than a competition. Great Britain (represented bythe England national amateur football team) won the gold medals. They repeated the feat in 1912 inStockholm.With the Olympic event continuing to be contested only between amateur teams, Sir Thomas Lipton

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  • Estadio Centenario, thelocation of the rst WorldCup nal in 1930 inMontevideo, Uruguay

    organised the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy tournament in Turin in 1909. The Lipton tournament was achampionship between individual clubs (not national teams) from dierent nations, each one ofwhich represented an entire nation. The competition is sometimes described as The First WorldCup,[9] and featured the most prestigious professional club sides from Italy, Germany andSwitzerland, but the FA of England refused to be associated with the competition and declined theoer to send a professional team. Lipton invited West Auckland, an amateur side from CountyDurham, to represent England instead. West Auckland won the tournament and returned in 1911 tosuccessfully defend their title.In 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic tournament as a "world football championship foramateurs", and took responsibility for managing the event.[10] This paved the way for the world'srst intercontinental football competition, at the 1920 Summer Olympics, contested by Egypt andthirteen European teams, and won by Belgium.[11] Uruguay won the next two Olympic footballtournaments in 1924 and 1928. Those were also the rst two open world championships, as 1924was the start of FIFA's professional era.World Cups before World War IIDue to the success of the Olympic football tournaments, FIFA, withPresident Jules Rimet as the driving force, again started looking atstaging its own international tournament outside of the Olympics. On28 May 1928, the FIFA Congress in Amsterdam decided to stage aworld championship itself.[12] With Uruguay now two-time ocialfootball world champions and to celebrate their centenary ofindependence in 1930, FIFA named Uruguay as the host country ofthe inaugural World Cup tournament.The national associations of selected nations were invited to send ateam, but the choice of Uruguay as a venue for the competitionmeant a long and costly trip across the Atlantic Ocean for Europeansides. Indeed, no European country pledged to send a team until twomonths before the start of the competition. Rimet eventuallypersuaded teams from Belgium, France, Romania, and Yugoslavia to make the trip. In total thirteennations took part: seven from South America, four from Europe and two from North America.The rst two World Cup matches took place simultaneously on 13 July 1930, and were won byFrance and USA, who defeated Mexico 41 and Belgium 30 respectively. The rst goal in World Cuphistory was scored by Lucien Laurent of France.[13] In the nal, Uruguay defeated Argentina 42 infront of a crowd of 93,000 people in Montevideo, and in doing so became the rst nation to win theWorld Cup.[14]After the creation of the World Cup, the 1932 Summer Olympics, held in Los Angeles, did not plan toinclude football as part of the schedule due to the low popularity of the sport in the United States, asAmerican football had been growing in popularity. FIFA and the IOC also disagreed over the statusof amateur players, and so football was dropped from the Games.[15] Olympic football returned atthe 1936 Summer Olympics, but was now overshadowed by the more prestigious World Cup.The issues facing the early World Cup tournaments were the diculties of intercontinental travel,and war. Few South American teams were willing to travel to Europe for the 1934 and 1938tournaments, with Brazil the only South American team to compete in both. The 1942 and 1946competitions, which Nazi Germany and Brazil sought to host,[16] were cancelled due to World War IIand its aftermath.World Cups after World War II

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  • The 1950 World Cup, held in Brazil, was the rst to include British participants. British teamswithdrew from FIFA in 1920, partly out of unwillingness to play against the countries they had beenat war with, and partly as a protest against foreign inuence on football,[17] but rejoined in 1946following FIFA's invitation.[18] The tournament also saw the return of 1930 champions Uruguay, whohad boycotted the previous two World Cups. Uruguay won the tournament again after defeating thehost nation Brazil, in the match called "Maracanazo" (Portuguese: Maracanao).

    In the tournaments between 1934 and 1978, 16 teams competed in each tournament, except in1938, when Austria was absorbed into Germany after qualifying, leaving the tournament with 15teams, and in 1950, when India, Scotland, and Turkey withdrew, leaving the tournament with 13teams.[19] Most of the participating nations were from Europe and South America, with a smallminority from North America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. These teams were usually defeated easilyby the European and South American teams. Until 1982, the only teams from outside Europe andSouth America to advance out of the rst round were: USA, semi-nalists in 1930; Cuba, quarter-nalists in 1938; Korea DPR, quarter-nalists in 1966; and Mexico, quarter-nalists in 1970.Expansion to 32 teamsThe tournament was expanded to 24 teams in 1982,[20] and then to 32 in 1998,[21] also allowingmore teams from Africa, Asia and North America to take part. Since then, teams from these regionshave enjoyed more success, with several having reached the quarter-nals: Mexico, quarter-nalistsin 1986; Cameroon, quarter-nalists in 1990; Korea Republic, nishing in four