FET (Field Effect Transistors)
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- 1. GROUP 001 Department of CS & IT. BSCS-I Dawood Faheem Abbasi 005 Umar Ali 014 Zohaib Maqbool 051
- 2. FETs FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR
- 3. CONTENT LIST FETs Types of FETs JFET MOSFET Characteristics of JFET and its parameter
- 4. FETs(Field Effect Transistor) These are major types of transistor. Field effect transistor (FETs) are unipolar devices because they operate only with the one type of charge carriers. FET is a voltage control device.
- 5. Kinds Of FETs Two main kinds: Junction Field Effect Transistor.(JFET) Metal Oxide Semi-conductor Field Effect Transistor.(MOSFET).
- 6. JFET(Junction Field Effect Transistor) Two kinds: N-channel JFET P-channel JFET
- 7. N-channel JFET JFET A wire lead is connected to each end of the n channel. DRAIN is at upper end and SOURCE is at lower end. Two p-type regions are diffused in the n-type material to form a channel. P-type regions are connected to GATE leads.
- 8. P-channel JFET A wire lead is connected to each end of the p channel. DRAIN is at upper end and SOURCE is at lower end. Two n-type regions are diffused in the p-type material to form a channel. N-type regions are connected to GATE leads.
- 9. OPERATION DC biased voltage is applied to the n channel. VDD provides a drain to source voltage and supplies current DRAIN to SOURCE. VGG sets the reverse bias voltage between GATE and SOURCE.
- 10. In JFETS the gate source to p-n junction is always reversed biased. This produces depletion region along the p-n junction which entered into the n-channel and thus increases its resistance by rusticating channel width. Channel width and channel resistance can be controlled by varying gate voltage. Drain current ID is also controlled.
- 11. Greater VGG narrows the channel which increases the resistance of the channel and decreases the ID.
- 12. Less the VGG increases the channel which decreases the resistance of the channel and increases ID.
- 13. Skim etic symbols
- 14. JFET CHARACTERISTIC AND PARAMETER We consider when the case when the gate to source voltage is zero. (VGS = 0 ) This is produce by shorting the gate to source has shown in fig(a).
- 15. Fig (a)
- 16. When both are grounded, as VDD increase from 0 volt. ID Increase proportionally between point A & B, as shown in fig A.(when VDD increase VDS also increase) between A & B. The channel resistance is essentially constant because the depletion region is not large enough to have a significant effect . In this area ohm law hold (VI). So this region is called ohmic region.
- 17. At point B in fig(A) the current level is off and ID be essentially constant ,has VDS increase from point B to C. The reverse biased voltage from gate to drain VGD produce depletion region large enough so the current ID constant for (VGS=0) the value of VDS for which ID extentioly constant is called pinch of voltage We grow on increasing VDS there is no change in drain current. This constant value of drain current ID is called IDSS(saturation of drain current) .
- 18. We see break down occurs when ID current very rapidly with any further increase VDS. This region is called break down region.
- 19. PINCH OFF VOLTAGE: For VGS=0 the value of VDS for which ID essentially become constant is called as pinch off voltage (VP ). From fig we see above pinch off voltage VP as we go on increase VDS. There is no change in drain current the constant value of drain current is called IDDS (drain to source current )with gate shorted. We see break down occur at point C, when ID become to increase very rapidly with any further increase in VDS ,breakdown can damage the transistor. So, JFET must be operated between below breakdown and within constant current area.