FAUNA INVENTORY OF VITORIA-GASTEIZ · PDF file 2010. 5. 28. · Vulpes vulpes azeri...

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    11-Sep-2021
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    0
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of FAUNA INVENTORY OF VITORIA-GASTEIZ · PDF file 2010. 5. 28. · Vulpes vulpes azeri...

biodiversidad de VitoriaFAUNA INVENTORY OF VITORIA-GASTEIZ
The following tables show only those species whose presence has been detected within the
municipality through a number of specific studies performed in this territory.
The classification of each species is described both in the Basque Autonomous Country
(Catalogue of Threatened Species in the Basque Autonomous Community), as well as in Spain
(Spanish Red Book) and in Europe (Directive 92/43/CEE of the Council, relating to the
conservation of natural habitats and wild flora and fauna and, Directive 2009/147/CE of
the European Parliament and Council of November 30, 2008, relating to the conservation of wild
birds).
Basque Catalogue of Threatened Species of Flora and Fauna in the Basque
Autonomous Community
Endangered EN
Vulnerable VU
Rare R
Extinct EX Extinct in the wild EW
Critically Endangered CR Endangered EN Vulnerable VU
Conservation dependent cd Near threatened nt Low Risk Least concern lc
Directive 92/43/CEE of the Council relating to the conservation of natural habitats and wild flora and fauna. The table indicates those species of fauna considered to be of Community interest and the Annex of the Directive in which these can be found.
Annex II: Animal and Plant species of Community interest the conservation of which requires the designation of Special Areas of Conservation.
Annex IV: Animal and plant species of Community interest that require strict protection.
An asterisk (*) indicates those species considered to be of Priority Community Interest.
Directive 2009/147/CE of the European Parliament and Council of November 30,
2009, relating to the conservation of wild birds. All the species mentioned in Annex I have been considered as these will be the subject of special habitat-related conservation measures in order to ensure their survival and reproduction within their distribution area.
Inventory of land mammals of Vitoria-Gasteiz
Species Basque Spanish
Cervus elaphus orein arrunta ciervo Not endangered Capreolus capreolus orkatza corzo Not endangered
Carnivores
Canis lupus otsoa lobo Not endangered NT Vulpes vulpes azeri arrunt zorro rojo Not endangered Mustela nivalis erbidune comadreja Not endangered
Mustela lutreola bisoi eroparra visón europeo EN EN Mustela putorius ipurtatsa turón Not endangered NT Martes martes lepahoria marta R Martes foina lepaxuria garduña Not endangered Meles meles azkonarra tejón Not endangered
Lutra lutra igaraba arrunta nutria EN Genetta genetta katajineta arrunta gineta Not endangered Felis silvestris basakatua gato montés europeo IE NT
Species Basque Spanish Basque
endangered
endangered VU Chiropters Rhinolophus
herradura VU NT
Myotis myotis saguzar arratoi-belarri handia murciélago ratonero grande VU VU
Myotis blythii saguzar arratoi-belarri ertain
murciélago ratonero mediano VU VU
Myotis mystacinus saguzar bibotedun
Myotis nattereri natterer saguzar murciélago ratonero gris R NT Myotis daubentonii daubenton saguzar murciélago ratonero ribereño IE
Pipistrellus pipistrellus pipistrelo arrunt murciélago enano Not
endangered
endangered Pipistrellus nathusii nathusius pipistrelo murciélago de nathusius IE NT
Pipistrellus kuhlii kuhl pipistrelo murciélago de borde claro Not
endangered Nyctalus leisleri gau-saguzar txiki nóctulo pequeño IE NT Nyctalus noctula gau-saguzar arrunt nóctulo mediano IE VU
Eptesicus serotinus baratze-saguzar murciélago hortelano IE
Barbastella barbastellus baso saguzaharra barbastela VU NT Plecotus auritus belarrihandi arre orejudo dorado VU NT
Plecotus austriacus saguzar hego belarri handia
murciélago orejudo meridional VU NT
Miniopterus schreibersi schreiber saguzar murciélago de cueva VU VU
Rodents
Sciurus vulgaris katagorri arrunta ardilla roja Not endangered
Glis glis muxar grisa lirón gris VU Myodes glareolus lursagu gorria topillo rojo Not endangered
Arvicola terrestris ekialdeko ur-arratoia rata topera Not endangered
Arvicola sapidus mendebaldeko ur arratoia rata de agua Not endangered
Microtus gerbei satain piriniarra topillo pirenaico Not endangered
Microtus lusitanicus lursagu lusitaniarra topillo lusitano Not endangered Microtus
duodecimcostatus lursagu mediterraneoa topillo mediterráneo Not endangered
Microtus arvalis landa-lursagua topillo campesino Not endangered
Microtus agrestis larre-lursagua topillo agreste Not endangered
Micromys minutus utza-sagua ratón espiguero Not endangered
Apodemus flavicollis sagu lepahoria ratón leonado Not endangered
Apodemus sylvaticus basasagua ratón de campo Not endangered
Rattus rattus arratoi beltza rata negra Not endangered
Rattus norvegicus arratoi arruntza rata parda Not endangered
Mus musculus etxe-sagua ratón casero Not endangered
Mus spretus. landa-sagua ratón moruno Not endangered Insectivores
Erinaceus europaeus. triku arrunta erizo europeo Not endangered
Talpa europaea Basquez topo europeo Not endangered
Sorex minutus satitsu txikia musaraña enana Not endangered
Sorex coronatus millet satitsua musaraña tricolor Not endangered
Neomys fodiens ur-satitsu hankazuria musgaño patiblanco Not endangered
Neomys anomalus cabrera ur satitsua musgaño de cabrera Not endangered
Crocidura suaveolens baratz-satitxua musaraña de campo Not endangered
Crocidura russula satitsu arrunta musaraña gris Not endangered
Suncus etruscus satitsu etruriarra musgaño enano Not endangered
To sum up, the following tables show the total number of native and exotic land mammals of Vitoria-Gasteiz in relation to the total number of species present in Alava, the basket Autonomous Community and in Spain.
Native species No. Species in Vitoria-Gasteiz
No. Species Alava/Percentage
81.94% 80.82%
No. Species Alava/Percentage
100.00% 33.33%
Species Basque Spanish
Mauremys leprosa Dortoka korrontezalea galápago leproso VU VU Not classified
Anguis fragilis Zirauna lución Not endangered LC Not classified
Chalcides striatus eskinko hiruhatza eslizón tridáctilo ibérico Not endangered LC Lacerta bilineata musker berdea lagarto verde Not endangered LC
Timon lepidus gardatxoa lagarto ocelado IE LC Zootoca vivipara sugandila bizierrulea lagartija de turbera Not endangered NT
Podarcis hispanica sugandila iberiarra lagartija ibérica Not endangered LC Podarcis muralis horma-sugandila lagartija roquera Not endangered LC
Psammodromus algirus txaradi-sugandila lagartija colilarga IE LC Coronella austriaca iparraldeko suge leuna culebra lisa europea Not endangered LC Not classified
Coronella girondica hegoaldeko suge leuna culebra lisa meridional Not endangered LC Natrix maura suge biperikara culebra viperina Not endangered LC
Zamenis longissimus eskulapioen sugea culebra de esculapio IE DD Natrix natrix suge gorbataduna culebra de collar Not endangered LC Vipera aspis aspis sugegorria víbora aspid Not endangered LC
Vipera seoanei víbora de Seoane Víbora de Seoane Not endangered LC
Taking the Atlas and Red Book of amphibians and reptiles in Spain (2002) as the bibliographical basis, the following table shows the total number of reptiles in Vitoria-Gasteiz with respect to the total number of species present in Alava, the Basque Autonomous Community and in Spain.
Native species No. Species in Vitoria-Gasteiz
No. Species Alava/Percentage
23 24 Reptiles 17
Inventory of exotic reptiles of Vitoria-Gasteiz
According to the technical studies carried out by the CEA, the presence of these three exotic species has been detected in the municipality, one of which is the invasive exotic species, Trachemys scripta.
Species Spanish
Trachemys scripta tortuga de florida
Graptemys pseudogeographica falsa tortuga mapa
Inventory of native amphibians of Vitoria-Gasteiz
Species Basque Spanish Vitoria- Gasteiz
Basque Catalogue of Endangered
Mesotriton alpestris uhandre alpetarra tritón alpino 9 R Triturus helveticus uhandre palmatua tritón palmeado Not endangered
Triturus marmoratus uhandre marmolairea tritón jaspeado Not endangered
Alytes obstetricans txantxiku arrunta sapo partero común Not endangered
Discoglossus galganoi apo pintatu iberiarra sapillo pintojo ibérico CEA Not endangered
Discoglossus jeanneae hegoaldeko apo pintatua sapillo pintojo meridional 5.8 R Pelodytes punctatus apo pikarta sapillo moteado común Not endangered
Bufo bufo apo arrunta sapo común Not endangered
Epidalea calamita apo lasterkaria sapo corredor VU
Hyla arborea zuhaitz igel arrunta ranita de san antonio Not endangered
Rana dalmatina baso-igel jauzkaria rana ágil VU Pelophylax perezi ur-igel arrunta rana común Not endangered
Rana temporaria baso-igel gorria rana bermeja Not endangered
The following table shows the total number of amphibians in Vitoria-Gasteiz with respect to the total number of species present in Alava, the
Basque Autonomous Community and in Spain.
Native species
No. Species
93.33% 82.35% 43.
Species Basque Spanish Basque Catalogue
IUCN Category Spain (2001)
IUCN World Category
Salmo trutta amuarrain arrunta trucha común Not endangered VU Not classified
Barbus graellsii mendi-barboa barbo de Graells Not endangered LR/nt Not classified
Barbus haasi barbo isatsgorria barbo colirrojo VU VU VU
Chondrostoma arcasii errutilo bermejuela Not endangered VU Not classified
Chondrostoma miegii loina txiki madrilla Not endangered LR/nt Not classified
Phoxinus phoxinus ezkaitua piscardo Not endangered Not endangered Not classified
Tinca tinca tenka tenca Not endangered Not endangered Not classified
Squalius pyrenaicus iparraldeko katxoa zaparda EN VU Not classified
Barbatula barbatula mazkar
Native species No. Species in Vitoria-Gasteiz
No. Species Alava/Percentage
15 19 Continental fish 9
60% 47.36% Source: Atlas and Red Book of Continental Fish of Spain, 2001.
Inventory of invasive exotic fish species of Vitoria-Gasteiz
Source: Diagnosis of the exotic invasive fauna of the Basque Community
Species Spanish
Cyprinus carpio carpa Gambusia holbrooki gambusia Lepomis gibbosus pez sol
Micropterus salmoides perca americana Esox lucius lucio
Silurus glanis siluro (*) Central European populations
Exotic species invasoras
88.88% 88.88%
Scientific name Basque Spanish Breeding status
Basque Catalogue of Endangered
Anas querquedula udako zertzeta cerceta carretona Breeder
Anas clypeata ahate mokozabala cuchara común Breeder
Netta rufina ahate gorrizta pato colorado
Aythya ferina murgilari arrunta porrón europeo Breeder
Aythya nyroca murgilari arrea porrón pardo
Aythya fuligula murgilari mottoduna porrón moñudo Breeder
PHASIANIDAE
Coturnix coturnix galeperra codorniz común Breeder
PODICIPEDIDAE
Podiceps nigricollis txilinporta lepabeltz zampullín cuellinegro IE
SULIDAE
ARDEIDAE
Ardeola ralloides garcilla cangrejera IE
Bubulcus ibis lertxuntxo itzaina garcilla bueyera
Egretta garzetta lertxuntxo txikia garceta común
Egretta alba garceta grande
CICONIIDAE
Ciconia ciconia amiamoko zuria cigüeña blanca Breeder R
THRESKIORNITHIDAE
ACCIPITRIDAE
Milvus migrans miru beltza milano negro Breeder
Milvus milvus miru gorria milano real Breeder VU
Neophron percnopterus sai zuria alimoche común VU
Gyps fulvus sai arrea buitre leonado IE
Circaetus gallicus culebrera europea Breeder R
Circus aeruginosus zingira mirotz aguilucho lagunero occidental
Breeder R
Circus pygargus aguilucho cenizo Breeder VU
Accipiter gentilis aztore arrunt azor común Breeder R
Accipiter nisus gabirai arrunta gavilán común Breeder IE
Buteo buteo zapelatz arrunta busardo ratonero Breeder
Aquila chrysaetos arrano beltz águila real VU
Hieraaetus pennatus arrano txiki águililla calzada Breeder VU
PANDIONIDAE
FALCONIDAE
Falco columbarius belatz txiki esmerejón R
Falco subbuteo zuhaitz-belatz alcotán europeo Breeder R
Falco peregrinus belatz handi halcón peregrino R
RALLIDAE
Porzana porzana uroilanda pikart polluela pintoja IE
Porzana pusilla polluela chica IE
Gallinula chloropus uroiloa gallineta común Breeder
Fulica atra kopetazuri arrunta focha común Breeder
GRUIDAE
RECURVIROSTRIDAE
Recurvirostra avosetta abozeta avoceta común
BURHINIDAE
GLAREOLIDAE
Charadrius hiaticula txirritxo handi chorlitejo grande
Pluvialis apricaria chorlito dorado europeo
Pluvialis squatarola chorlito gris
SCOLOPACIDAE
Calidris ferruginea correlimos zarapitín
Philomachus pugnax borrokalari combatiente
Lymnocryptes minimus agachadiza chica
Scolopax rusticola oilagor chocha perdiz Breeder
Limosa limosa aguja colinegra
Limosa lapponica aguja colipinta
Numenius phaeopus zarapito trinador
Tringa erythropus archibebe oscuro
Actitis hypoleucos kuliska txiki andarríos chico Breeder R
Arenaria interpres vuelvepiedras
Larus canus gaviota cana
sternidae
columbidae
Columba oenas txoloma paloma zurita Breeder
Columba palumbus pagausoa paloma torcaz Breeder
Streptopelia decaocto usapal turkiarra tórtola turca Breeder
Streptopelia turtur usapal tórtola europea Breeder
CUCULIDAE
TYTONIDAE
STRIGIDAE
Bubo bubo hontz handi búho real R
Athene noctua mozoloa mochuelo común Breeder
Strix aluco urubia cárabo europeo Breeder
Asio otus hontz ertain búho chico Breeder
Asio flammeus zingira-hontz búho campestre R
CAPRIMULGIDAE
APODIDAE
Apus apus sorbeltz arrunta vencejo común Breeder
alcedinidae
MEROPIDAE
UPUPIDAE
PICIDAE
Dryocopus martius pito negro R
Dendrocopos major okil handia pico picapinos Breeder
Dendrocopos medius okil ertain pico mediano Breeder VU
Dendrocopos minor okil txikia pico menor Breeder IE
ALAUDIDAE
Calandrella brachydactyla txoriandre arrunta terrera común IE
Galerida cristata kutturlio arrunta cogujada común Breeder
Lullula arborea pirripio alondra totovía Breeder
Alauda arvensis hegazabal arrunta alondra común Breeder
HIRUNDINIDAE
Ptyonoprogne rupestris haitz-enara avión roquero
Hirundo rustica enara arrunta golondrina común Breeder
Delichon urbicum enara azpizuri avión común Breeder
MOTACILLIDAE
Anthus pratensis negu-txirta bisbita pratense
Anthus spinoletta mendi txirta bisbita alpino Breeder
Motacilla flava larre buztanikara lavandera boyera Breeder
Motacilla cinerea buztanikara hori lavandera cascadeña Breeder
Motacilla alba buztanikara zuria lavandera blanca Breeder
CINCLIDAE
TROGLODYTIDAE
PRUNELLIDAE
Prunella collaris acentor alpino IE
TURDIDAE
Luscinia svecica paparurdin ruiseñor pechiazul
Phoenicurus ochruros buztangorri iluna colirrojo tizón Breeder
Phoenicurus phoenicurus buztangorri argi colirrojo real Breeder VU
Saxicola rubetra pitxartar nabarra tarabilla norteña IE
Saxicola torquatus pitxartar burubeltza tarabilla común Breeder
Oenanthe oenanthe buztanzuri arrunta collalba gris Breeder
Monticola saxatilis roquero rojo IE
Monticola solitarius harkaitz-zozo urdin roquero solitario IE
Turdus torquatus zozo paparzuri mirlo capiblanco IE
Turdus merula zozo arrunta mirlo común Breeder
Turdus pilaris durdula zorzal real
Turdus philomelos birigarro arrunta zorzal común Breeder
Turdus iliacus birigarro txiki zorzal alirrojo
Turdus viscivorus garraztarroa zorzal charlo Breeder
SYLVIIDAE
Cisticola juncidis ihi-txoria buitrón Breeder
Locustella naevia benarriz nabarra buscarla pintoja Breeder
Locustella luscinioides benarriz gorriska buscarla unicolor EN
Acrocephalus paludicola ur-benarriz carricerín cejudo IE
Acrocephalus scirpaceus lezkari arrunta carricero común Breeder R
Acrocephalus arundinaceus lezkari karratxina carricero tordal Breeder R
Hippolais polyglotta sasitxori arrunta zarcero común Breeder
Sylvia undata etxe-tximbo curruca rabilarga Breeder
Sylvia cantillans txinbo papargorrizta curruca carrasqueña IE
Sylvia communis sasi txinboa curruca zarcera Breeder
Sylvia borin baso txinboa curruca mosquitera Breeder
Sylvia atricapilla txinbo kaskabeltza curruca capirotada Breeder
Phylloscopus bonelli txio lepazuria mosquitero papialbo Breeder
Phylloscopus ibericus txio iberiarra mosquitero ibérico Breeder
Phylloscopus collybita txio arrunta mosquitero común
Phylloscopus trochilus txio hori mosquitero musical Breeder R
Regulus regulus mendi-erregetxo reyezuelo sencillo IE
Regulus ignicapilla erregetxo bekainzuria reyezuelo listado Breeder
MUSCICAPIDAE
AEGITHALIDAE
PARIDAE
Parus ater pinu-kaskabeltza carbonero garrapinos Breeder
Parus caeruleus amilotx urdina herrerillo común Breeder
Parus major kaskabeltz handia carbonero común Breeder
SITTIDAE
CERTHIIDAE
Certhia brachydactyla gerri txori arrunta agateador común Breeder
REMIZIDAE
ORIOLIDAE
LANIIDAE
Lanius meridionalis artzandobi handi alcaudón real Breeder VU
Lanius senator artzandobi kaskagorri alcaudón común VU
CORVIDAE
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax belatxinga mokogorri chova piquirroja IE
Corvus monedula bele txiki grajilla Breeder
Corvus corone belabeltza corneja común Breeder
Corvus corax erroia cuervo Breeder IE
STURNIDAE
PASSERIDAE
Passer hispaniolensis gorrión moruno
Petronia petronia harkaitz-txolarrea gorrión chillón Breeder
FRINGILLIDAE
Fringilla montifringilla negu-txonta pinzón real
Serinus serinus txirriskila verdecillo Breeder
Serinus citrinella mendi-txirriskina verderón serrano
Carduelis chloris txorru arrunta verderón común Breeder
Carduelis carduelis karnaba jilguero Breeder
Carduelis spinus tarin lúgano IE
Carduelis cannabina txoka arrunta pardillo común Breeder
Loxia curvirostra mokoker piquituerto común
Pyrrhula pyrrhula gailupa camachuelo común Breeder
Coccothraustes coccothraustes mokolodi picogordo Breeder IE
EMBERIZIDAE
Emberiza cia mendi-berdantza escribano montesino
Emberiza schoeniclus escribano palustre R
Emberiza calandra gari-berdantza triguero Breeder
No. Species in Vitoria-Gasteiz
76.68% 73.53%
96.02% 81.58%
LOCAL VERTEBRATE BIODIVERSITY
The following tables are the result of the inventory of vertebrates of the municipality and show through numbers the relative importance of the
municipal biodiversity with respect to those of the province, autonomous community and state.
Municipality Alava %
Native fish 9 15 60 19 47.36 44
Exotic and invasive fish 8 9 88.89 9 88.89 No data
Native amphibians 14 15 93.33 17 82.35 32
Native reptiles 17 23 24 77
Exotic and invasive reptiles 1 (+) 1 (+) 1
Breeding birds 125 163 76.68 170 73.53 271
Non-breeding birds 92 63 96 84
Total birds (except rarities) 217 226 96.02 266 81.58 355
Native mammals 59 72 81.94 73 80.82 100
Exotic and invasive mammals 1 1 100 3 33.33 7??
Total native vertebrates 316 351 90.02 399 79.19 608
Total exotic and invasive vertebrates 10 11 90.90 13 76.92
ENDANGERED VERTEBRATES OF VITORIA-GASTEIZ
The endangered species of the municipality are all those species included in the Endangered Species Catalogue of the Basque Country and those that appear in the Red Books as Endangered (CR + EN + VU) and are not included in the Basque Catalogue.
Catalogue of Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna of the Basque Community:
Endangered EN
Vulnerable VU
Rare R
Critically endangered CR
Near Threatened NT
Data Deficient DD
Least Concern LC
Not Evaluated NE
When presenting the total number of affected species in the municipality with respect to the total number of species in the Basque Community Spain, we continue to use the same criteria in order to analyse both the legislation and the conservation status of the Species (Red Book) in both areas.
Endangered species
Con formato: Espacio Después: 10 pto, Interlineado: Múltiple 1,17 lín.
Con formato: Fuente: (Predeterminado) Arial
Con formato: Interlineado: Múltiple 1,17 lín.
Con formato: Espacio Después: 0 pto, Interlineado: sencillo
Eliminado: Consideraremos Speciess amenazadas del municipio todas aquellas que estén dentro del Catalogo Vasco de Speciess Amenazadas de la BASQUE COMMUNITY and aquellas que en los Libros Rojos aparezcan como Amenazadas (CR + EN + VU) and no estén recogidas en el Catalogo Vasco.¶ ¶ The endangered species of the municipality are all those species included in the Endangered Species Catalogue of the Basque Country and And those included in the Road Books as aparezcan como Amenazadas (CR + EN + VU) and no estén recogidas en el Catalogo Vasco.¶
The following chart summarises the Endangered Species in the municipality with respect to the total number of species present in Alava, the Basque Autonomous Community and in Spain.
Endangered species Municipality Alava % BASQUE
COMMUNITY % Spain
Fish 5 11 45.45 15 33.33 36
Amphibians 5 7 71.42 9 55.55 11
Reptiles 5 9 55.55 9 55.55 23
Birds (except rarities) 90 91 98.9 103 87.37 148
Mammals 22 32 68.75 32 68.75 39
Total vertebrates 127 150 84.67 168 75.59 257
Endangered land vertebrates in the municipality
· Fish · Amphibians · Reptiles · Birds (except rarities) · Mammals
INVENTORY OF INVERTEBRATES OF VITORIA-GASTEIZ
Taking all the studies carried out at a local and regional level as the bibliographical basis, a
partial inventory has been drawn up of invertebrate species whose presence has been detected
in the municipality. Likewise, other sources of information such as the Invertebrates Red Book
of Spain and the Atlas of Threatened Invertebrates of Spain (critically endangered and
endangered species) have been analysed.
It should be noted that the data presented here are the results of a review of the specific studies
carried out to date in the municipality and represent a mere approximation to the local
biodiversity with regard to invertebrate species. No attempt has been made to assess the total
number of invertebrates that exist in the municipality or to compare this with the situation in the
Basque Community, but we have tried to reflect the enormous diversity and originality of
invertebrate species in Vitoria-Gasteiz.
So much so that the Carabida order, one of the most widely studied communities of coleopters
in the municipality, represents one of the groups of greatest interest for conservation at a state
level, with 108 species.
Having analysed a small portion of the total invertebrates that inhabit the municipality, there
follows a list of the 9 endangered or protected species (according to the State Catalogue of
Endangered Species, the Red Book of Invertebrates of Spain and Directive 92/43/CEE of the
Council relating to the conservation of natural habitats and wild flora and fauna).
Scientific name State Catalogue Endangered Species
IUCN Category Spain (2006)
Austrapotamobius pallipes Vulnerable (VU) (VU) Vulnerable Annex II (V) Euphydryas aurinia Least concern (LC) Annex II Parnassius apollo Least concern (LC) Annex IV
Aeshna affinis Data Deficient (DD) Sympetrum meridionale Data Deficient (DD) Coenagrion mercuriale Special Interest (IE) Vulnerable (VU) Annex II Coenagrion scitulum Vulnerable (VU)
Lucanus cervus Special Interest (IE) Least concern (LC) Annex II
Rosalia alpina Special Interest (IE) Least concern (LC) (*) Annex II and IV
(*) Species of Priority Community Interest of Directive 92/43/CEE
Annex II: Animal and plant species of Community interest whose conservation requires the designation of Special Conservation Areas.
Annex IV: Animal and plant species of Community interest that require strict protection. Annex V: Animal and plant species of Community interest whose collection in nature and exploitation may be the
subject of management measures.
Exotic Invasive Species of Vitoria-Gasteiz
According to the “Diagnosis of exotic invasive fauna of the Basque Country, Ihobe 2009”, more
than half of the exotic fauna species of the Basque Community are invertebrates, specifically 25
species. Of the total exotic species of invertebrates of the Basque Community, there follows a
list of those invertebrates whose presence in the municipality is proven and in addition to being
exotic are also invasive or have a high potential invasiveness in wild ecosystems. Agricultural
plagues have been segregated.
Exotic Invasive Species of the Basque Community Species Common name or notes Vitoria-Gasteiz
Dreissena polymorpha Mejillón cebra SI Potamopyrgus antipodarum
Caracol del cieno de Nueva Zelanda SI
Pacifastacus leniusculus Cangrejo señal SI Procambarus clarkii Cangrejo rojo SI
Source: “Diagnosis of exotic invasive fauna…