Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring · PDF file Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring...

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    16-Mar-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    11
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring · PDF file Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring...

  • February 2012

    Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring

    Handbook An overview of Fair Trial Rights in Cambodian and international law and

    guidance on how to develop a trial monitoring project

  • Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring Handbook

    1

    ABOUT THE CAMBODIAN CENTER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

    This Handbook on ‘Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring’ is an output of the Cambodian Trial Monitoring

    Project implemented by the Cambodian Center for Human Rights (“CCHR”). CCHR’s vision is of a non-

    violent Kingdom of Cambodia, in which people enjoy their fundamental human rights, are treated

    equally, are empowered to participate in democracy and share the benefits of Cambodia’s

    development. CCHR desires Rule of Law rather than impunity; strong institutions rather than strong

    men; and a pluralistic society in which variety is harnessed and celebrated rather than ignored or

    punished. CCHR’s logo shows a white bird flying out of a circle of blue sky - this symbolizes Cambodia’s

    claim for freedom. To realize its vision, CCHR works to promote and protect democracy and respect for

    human rights - primarily civil and political rights - throughout Cambodia. For more information, please

    visit www.cchrcambodia.org.

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    This Handbook is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United

    States Agency for International Development (“USAID”). The contents are the responsibility of CCHR and

    do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID, the United States Government, or the East West

    Management Institute.

  • Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring Handbook

    2

    CONTENTS INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5

    PART I – OVERVIEW OF FAIR TRIALS ............................................................................................... 7

    The Rule of Law ......................................................................................................................................... 7

    What is a Fair Trial? .................................................................................................................................. 7

    How are Fair Trial Rights Protected Internationally? ............................................................................... 8

    How are Fair Trial Rights Protected under Cambodian Law?.................................................................... 8

    The Role of the Courts in Enforcing the Rule of Law and Fair Trial Rights ............................................. 10

    Brief Overview of the Cambodian Judicial System ................................................................................. 10

    PART II – CONTENT OF FAIR TRIAL RIGHTS ................................................................................... 12

    Right to the Presumption of Innocence .................................................................................................. 12

    Right to be Tried without Undue Delay .................................................................................................. 13

    The Right to Liberty and to Trial within a Reasonable Time ................................................................... 13

    Right to Legal Representation or Self Defense ........................................................................................ 15

    Right to Adequate Time and Facilities to Prepare a Defense ................................................................. 16

    Right to be Informed of the Nature and Cause of the Charge ............................................................... 17

    Evidence Rights – Right to Full Disclosure of Evidence for the Preparation of the Defense .................. 18

    Right to be Tried by a Competent, Independent and Impartial Tribunal ............................................... 19

    Right to be Present at Trial ...................................................................................................................... 21

    Right to a Public Hearing......................................................................................................................... 22

    Right to Silence ........................................................................................................................................ 23

    Right against Self-Incrimination .............................................................................................................. 23

    Evidence Rights – Right to Call and Examine Witnesses ......................................................................... 24

    Right to Have the Last Word ................................................................................................................... 26

    Right to Judgment within a Reasonable Time ........................................................................................ 26

    Right to a Reasoned Judgment ................................................................................................................ 26

    Rights at Sentencing ............................................................................................................................... 27

    Prohibition against Retroactive Application of Law ............................................................................... 28

    Prohibition against Double Jeopardy ...................................................................................................... 29

    Rights of Juveniles ................................................................................................................................... 30

    Age of Criminal Responsibility ................................................................................................................. 31

    Detention of Juveniles – Pre-trial Detention ........................................................................................... 31

    Right to Legal Representation ................................................................................................................. 32

    Right to Privacy ........................................................................................................................................ 32

    Detention of Juveniles – Post-trial Detention......................................................................................... 33

  • Fair Trial Rights and Trial Monitoring Handbook

    3

    PART III – TRIAL MONITORING ..................................................................................................... 34

    a.Preparation before the Trial Monitoring ........................................................................................... 34

    Objective ................................................................................................................................................. 35

    Focus of the Trial Monitoring .................................................................................................................. 36

    Selection of a Trial ................................................................................................................................... 36

    Selection of a Trial Monitor .................................................................................................................... 36

    Briefing the Trial Monitor ........................................................................................................................ 37

    Best Practice: Notifying Courts of Trial Monitoring ................................................................................ 37

    Security Risk Assessment ........................................................................................................................ 38

    b.Conducting Trial Monitoring............................................................................................................... 38

    Trial Monitoring Checklist ....................................................................................................................... 38

    Access to the Courtroom ......................................................................................................................... 39

    Taking Notes ............................................................................................................................................ 40

    Non-intervention in the Trial Process ..................................................................................................... 40

    c.Data Storage ......................................................................................................................................... 41

    d.Dialogue and Advocacy ....................................................................................................................... 41

    e.Evaluation of the Trial Monitoring Process ........................................................................................ 43

    Conclusion .................................................................................................................................. 43

    Bibliography .........................................................