Factoring Polynomials Grouping, Trinomials, Binomials, GCF,Quadratic form & Solving Equations.

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Transcript of Factoring Polynomials Grouping, Trinomials, Binomials, GCF,Quadratic form & Solving Equations.
Student will be able to Factor by Grouping terms
When polynomials contain four terms, it is sometimes easier to group like terms in order to factor.
Your goal is to create a common factor. You can also move terms around in the
polynomial to create a common factor. Practice makes you better in recognizing
common factors.
Factoring Four Term Polynomials
Do now: find the GCf of the first two terms and the last two terms:
3x3 −12x2 −6x+24
Write 2 factors:
Write the common factor once and put the outside terms together:
(3x3 −12x2 )−(6x+24)
3x2 (x−4)−6(x−4)
(3x2 −6)(x−4)
Factor by GroupingExample 1:
FACTOR: 3xy  21y + 5x – 35 Factor the first two terms: 3xy – 21y Factor the last two terms: + 5x  35 =
Factor by GroupingExample 1:
FACTOR: 3xy  21y + 5x – 35 Factor the first two terms: 3xy  21y = 3y (x – 7) Factor the last two terms: + 5x  35 = 5 (x – 7) The green parentheses are the same so
it’s the common factor
Factor by GroupingExample 1:
FACTOR: 3xy  21y + 5x – 35 Factor the first two terms: 3xy  21y = 3y (x – 7) Factor the last two terms: + 5x  35 = 5 (x – 7) The green parentheses are the same so it’s the
common factor Now you have a common factor
(x  7) (3y + 5)
Factor by Grouping Example 2: FACTOR: 6mx – 4m + 3rx – 2r Factor the first two terms: 6mx – 4m = 2m (3x  2) Factor the last two terms: + 3rx – 2r = r (3x  2) The green parentheses are the same so it’s the
common factor Now you have a common factor
(3x  2) (2m + r)
Factor by Grouping Example 3:
FACTOR: y3– 5y2  4y +20 Factor the first two terms: y3– 5y2 = y2 (y  5) Factor the last two terms:  4y +20 = 4 (y – 5) The green parentheses are the same! y2 (y  5) and 4 (y  5) Now you have the difference of two squares! look at red ( ): (y  5) (y2  4) : answer: (y  5) (y  2) (y + 2)
Using Factor by Grouping to solve a polynomial function:From the last example, suppose it was an equation…..
y3– 5y2  4y +20 = 0 (y  5) (y  2) (y + 2) = 0 y=5 y = 2 y=2So the solution set is { 5,2,2}
Factoring Trinominals
1. When trinomials have a degree of “2”, they are known as quadratics.
2. We learned earlier to use the last term’s factors to factor trinomials that had a “1” in front of the squared term.
x2 + 12x + 35
So… 7 and 5 or 35 and 1
Factoring Trinominals
1. When trinomials have a degree of “2”, they are known as quadratics.
2. We learned earlier to use the last term’s factors to factor trinomials that had a “1” in front of the squared term.
x2 + 12x + 35
(x + 7)(x + 5)
Because 7 + 5 = 12!
More Factoring Trinomials
3. When there is a coefficient larger than “1” in front of the squared term, we can use a method we will call, the “am” add, multiply method to find the factors.
3. Always remember to look for a GCF before you do ANY other factoring.
More Factoring Trinomials
5. Let’s try this example3x2 + 13x + 4
(3x )(x )
Write the factors of the last term…1,4 2,2Multiply using foil until you get the middle
term of the trinomial. If so, you’re done!
Difference of Squares When factoring using a difference of squares,
look for the following three things:– only 2 terms– minus sign between them– both terms must be perfect squares – No common factors
If all of the above are true, write two ( ), one with a + sign and one with a – sign :
( + ) (  ).
answers:
1. a2 – 16 (a + 4) (a – 4) 2. x2 – 25 (x + 5) (x – 5) 3. 4y2 – 9 (2y + 3) (2y – 3) 4. 9y2 – 25 (3y + 5) (3y – 5) 5. 3r2 – 81 *3 is not a square! 6. a2 + 16 Not a difference!
Perfect Square Trinomials When factoring using perfect square
trinomials, look for the following three things:– 3 terms– last term must be positive– first and last terms must be perfect
squares If all three of the above are true, write one (
)2 using the sign of the middle term.
Factoring Completely Now that we’ve learned all the types of
factoring, we need to remember to use them all.
Whenever it says to factor, you must break down the expression into the smallest possible
factors.
Let’s review all the ways to factor.
Types of Factoring1. Look for GCF first.2. Count the number of terms:
a) 4 terms – factor by groupingb) 3 terms 
1. look for perfect square trinomial2. if not, try “am” method
c) 2 terms  look for difference of squares
If any ( ) still has an exponent of 2 or more, see if you can factor again.
Solving Equations by FactoringCompletely
1) x5 −4x2
2) 3x2 −18x+27 =0
Do Now:1)Factor completely2)Solve for x
Steps to Solve Equations by FactoringCompletely
set each factor = 0 and solve for the unknown.
x3 + 12x2 = 0 1. Factor GCF
x2 (x + 12) = 0
Steps to Solve Equations by FactoringCompletely
set each factor = 0 and solve for the unknown.
x3 + 12x2 = 0 1. Factor GCF
x2 (x + 12) = 0 2. (set each factor = 0, & solve)
x2 = 0 x + 12 = 0
x=0 x = 12
You now have 2 answers, x = 0 and x = 12
Solving higher degree functions
Quadratic form: ax4 + bx2 + c = 0 Example: x4 +2x2 24 = 0 Factor: (x2 )(x2 )=0
Solving higher degree functions
Quadratic form: ax4 + bx2 + c = 0 Example: x4 +2x2 24 = 0 Factor: (x2 +6 )(x2 – 4 ) = 0 x2 +6=0 x2 – 4 =0 x2 =6 x2 = 4 x = 2, 2 x =±i 6
Solutions:
X4 – 13x2 +36 = 0
This one can be verified on the calculator.
X = 2,2,3,3
(x2 – 9)(x2 – 4)X29=0 x24=0X=3,3 x= 2,2