Facilitating Learning 2

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    August 17, 2013

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    Gender Race Ethnic or cultural Background Socioeconomic status Thinking/Learning Style Exceptionalities

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    Encourage learners to share their personal history andexperiences.

    Integrate learning experiences and activities that promotestudents multicultural awareness.

    Identify patterns that transcend group differences Communicate high students to students from all subgroups Use varied instructional methods to accommodate student

    diversity in learning styles. Vary the examples you illustrate Diversify your methods of assessment and evaluation of student

    learning.

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    COGNITIVE or ACDEMIC DIFFICULTIESADHD- is manifested either or both of these: (1) difficulty

    in focusing and maintaining attention and (2) recurrent

    hyperactive and impulsive behavior.Speech & Communication Disorders- difficulty in spoken

    language or to produce sounds correctly, stuttering, etc.

    Emotional/Conduct Disorders involve the presence ofemotional states like depression

    Autism is a condition manifested by different levels ofimpaired social interaction and communication, repetitive

    behaviors, and limited interests.

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    COGNITIVE or ACADEMIC DIFFICULTIESMENTAL RETARDATION refers to a significant sub-average intelligence and deficits in adaptive

    behavior.

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    PHYSICAL DISABILITIES & HEALTHIMPAIREMENTSSevere and Multiple Disabilities

    Visual ImpairmentsHearing ImpairmentsGiftedness

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    DYSLEXIA difficulty with language processing and itsimpact on reading, writing, and spelling.

    DYSGRAPHIA difficulty with writing, spelling andformulation of written composition

    DYSCALCULIAdifficulty with math skills and impactsmath computation.

    DYSPRAXIA difficulty with motor planning, andimpacts upon a persons ability to coordinate bodymovements.

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    SENSING-FEELING or INTERPERSONAL LEARNER prefers tolearn by studying about things that directly affect peoples livesrather than impersonal facts or theories, receiving personalattention and encouragement from his teachers, being part of a

    team-collaborating with other students. He learns best fromexperiences and projects, personal expression, and role-playing.

    INTUITIVE-FEELING or SELF-EXPRESSIVE LEARNER prefers tolearn by being creative and using his imagination, planning and

    organizing, working his own creative ways. He learns best fromcreative and artistic activities, open-ended discussions, ofpersonal and social values.

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    Condition 2: Degree of Meaningfulness/Relevance ofLearning

    Principle: Meaningful learning leads to greater thanrote learning

    Implication: Remember to provide opportunities forlearners to link new materials to what they have

    learned in the past.

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    Condition #3: Length of Instructional Time Principle: The longer the time spent for instruction, the

    greater the probability of transfer

    Implication: To ensure transfer, teach a few topics indepth rather tackled in a shallow manner.

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    Condition #4: Variety of Learning Experiences Principle: Exposure to many and varied examples and

    opportunities for practice to encourage transfer.

    Implication: Illustrate new concepts and principles witha variety of examples.

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    Condition #5: Context for Learners Experiences Principle: Transfer of Learning is most likely to happen

    when learners discover that what they learned is

    applicable to various contexts. Implication: Relate topic in one subject to topics in

    other subjects or disciplines. Relate it also to real life

    situations.

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    Condition #6: Focus on Principles rather than Tasks Principle: Principles transfer easier than facts Implication: Zero in on principles related to each topic

    together with strategies based on those principles.

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    Torrance has been known

    as the FATHER OF CREATIVITY

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    FLUENCYrefers to the production of a great numberof ideas or alternate solutions to a problem. It implies

    understanding, not just remembering information that is

    learned. KEY WORDS: compare, convert, define, explain, identify,

    label, list, etc.

    Application Activities: Trace a picture and label the parts. List 15 things that are commonly red or contain red.

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    FLEXIBILITYrefers to the production of ideas thatshow a variety of possibilities or realms of thought. It

    involves the ability to see things from different points

    of view or to use many approaches or strategies. KEY WORDS: change, demonstrate, interpret, etc. Application Activities:

    How would you feel if you were invisible for a day? What would happen if there were no automobiles?

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    ELABORATIONis the process of enhancingideas by providing more details. Additional

    details improve interest in, and understanding

    of the topic.

    KEY WORDS: appraise, critique, determine,evaluate, judge

    Application Activity: Tell your neighbor about your last family trip using

    as many details as possible.

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    Dont be afraid to fall in love with somethingand pursue it with intensity.

    Know, understand, take pride in, practice, develop, orenjoy your greatest strengths.

    Learn to free yourself from the expectations of othersand to walk away from the games they impose on you.

    Find a great teacher or a mentor who will help you. Dont waste your energy trying to be well-rounded. Do what you love and can do well.

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    Teachers should be not be like the DEAD SEAthat receives only water but never gives away.

    Teachers should be like the SEA OF GALILEE. Its

    full of life. It receives water from the JordanRiver and readily gives away. Teachers receive

    but give away and share what they receive with

    others.