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  • Facilitating Infrastructure Development in India

    ADBs experience and best practices in project implementation

  • Facilitating InfrastructureDevelopment in India

    ADBs experience and best practices in project implementation

  • 2011 Asian Development Bank

    All rights reserved. Published 2011.

    Printed in India.

    ISBN 978-92-9092-456-2

    Publication Stock No. RPT114038

    Asian Development Bank.

    Facilitating infrastructure development in India: ADBs experience and best practices in project implementation

    Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Asian Development Bank, 2011.

    1. Infrastructure 2. India 3. Asian Development Bank I. Asian Development Bank.

    The views expressed in this book are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank, or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent.

    ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility of any consequence of their use.

    By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by using the term `country in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

    ADB encourages printing or copying information exclusively for personal and non-commercial use with proper acknowledgement of ADB. Users are restricted from reselling, redistributing, or creating derivative works for commercial purposes without the express, written consent.

    This report was prepared under Asian Development Banks Technical Assistance TA 7734 IND: Knowledge Management for Inclusive Growth.

    All photographs, boxes, tables, and figures presented in the report have been sourced from the Asian Development Bank.

    Asian Development Bank6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines Tel +63 2 632 4444 Fax + 63 2 636 2444 www.adb.org

    For orders, please contact:Asian Development BankIndia Resident MissionFax +91 11 2687 [email protected]


    ADB India Country Director Hun Kim sparked the idea for preparing this report as an important record of the cross-learning among executing agencies through sharing of best practices at the tripartite portfolio review meetings.

    The lead team, comprising Leonardus Boenawan Sondjaja and Chandra Mohan Arora provided the guidance in preparing the report to the CRISIL team led by Pratyush Prashant.

    Critical inputs were received from ADB staff especially Prabhasha Sahu, Anil Motwani, Arun Bajaj, V.R. Karbar, Harish Varma, Ashok Srivastava, Pushkar Srivastava, Saugata Dasgupta, Girish Mahajan, Vikram Harsha, and Ashish Bhadra. Geeta Malhotra and Meenu Lalit provided important logistic support.

    Comments from Rana Hasan and Prodyut Dutt at the India Resident Mission, Hans Carlsson from ADB Manila, and Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India, helped strengthen the report.

    Kavita Iyengar managed the editorial and publication process with Lucid Solutions and brought the report to its final format.

  • iii


    Message v

    Foreword vii

    Abbreviations ix

    Chapter 1 Overview 1-7

    A Brief about this Publication

    Capacity Issues in the Development of Sustainable Infrastructure

    ADBs Experience in Project Implementation

    Portfolio Management

    Chapter 2 Evolution of Portfolio Reviews 9-15

    Legacy Portfolio Reviews Prior to 2005

    Amending the Structure of Portfolio Reviews

    Modifi ed Model of Portfolio Review

    Key Outputs and Results of TPRM

    Impact of TPRMs on Portfolio Performance

    Key Performance Areas of Quantitative Improvement

    Key Performance Areas of Qualitative Improvement

    Chapter 3 Thematic Performance Areas and Key Portfolio Interventions 17-79

    Project Readiness/Preparedness

    Project Administration and Monitoring

    Knowledge Management and Sharing of Best Practices

    Impact Assessment and Lessons Learnt


    Chapter 4 Case Studies 81-133

    Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development Project

    Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Development Project

    Chhattisgarh State Road Development Sector Project

    Rural Roads Sector Project-I

    Madhya Pradesh Power Sector Development Project

    Chhattisgarh Irrigation Development Project

    Chapter 5 Conclusions and Way Forward 135-141

    Future Considerations

    The Road Ahead

    Annexes 142-151

  • vii


    Over the last 25 years, Asian Development Bank (ADB), Government of India and the executing agencies have been working in close cooperation to achieve development goals. Since it began operations in India in 1986, ADB has been supporting projects in the energy, transport, urban, finance, and agriculture and natural resources sectors across 22 states including Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh and Odisha.

    While there have been several accomplishments, ADB has also encountered a number of challenges in project implementation. The issues have been addressed and resolved over time through various interventions conceived under the joint portfolio reviews between ADB, Government of India, and the executing agencies. During this process, executing agencies share their best practices in project implementation and learn from one anothers experiences. The Tripartite Portfolio Review Meetings (TPRM) have come to be widely recognized as a successful forum under ADBs portfolio management initiatives. This publication captures ADBs experience in project implementation and the best practices identified during various TPRMs.

    The first chapter outlines the context in which these practices needed to be developed. It was largely on account of the capacity issues that public agencies were required to cope with over time. The second chapter provides details on the portfolio review mechanism and evolution of the TPRMs, and how these have matured to become a revered forum for cross learning. The TPRMs have now expanded towards result-focused project management. The third chapter deals with the key interventions and best practices that have emerged over the various meetings and how executing agencies across sectors have proactively utilized these learnings. The fourth chapter captures the impact of these best practices and key portfolio interventions on six projects selected across four sectors energy, transport, urban, and agriculture and natural resources. ADB believes there is considerable scope to further improve project implementation performance and revisiting the best practices provides valuable lessons to the continuously expanding ADB portfolio in India. The last chapter charts out with the way forward and discusses how these best practices could be further augmented to extend their benefits and improve project implementation.

    The publication documents how ADB and the Government of India have come together to enhance the project implementation performance of executing agencies through cross learning and sharing of best practices. I am sure it will serve as a valuable tool for enhancing the capacity of project personnel and improving the timely delivery of projects in general.

    Hun Kim Country Director

    India Resident Mission

  • ix


    ADB Asian Development Bank

    ATC Aggregate Technical and Commercial Losses

    BME Benefi t Monitoring and Evaluation

    BOS Business Opportunity Seminar

    BRTS Bus Rapid Transit System

    BWSP Bisalpur Water Supply Project (Jaipur, Rajasthan)

    CAG Comptroller and Auditor General

    CAPP Community Awareness & Participation Programme

    CDTA Capacity Development Technical Assistance

    CEAI Consulting Engineers Association of India

    CGRRDA Chhattisgarh Rural Roads Development Authority

    CIDP Chhattisgarh Irrigation Development Project

    CMP Comprehensive Mobility Plan

    COP Communities Of Practice

    COSO Central Operations Services Offi ce

    CRM Contractors Review Meeting

    DEA Department of Economic Aff airs

    DOF Department of Finance (State Government)

    DPR Detailed Project Report

    DSC Design & Supervision Consultants

    EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

    EMP Environmental Management Plan

    EXIM Export & Import

    FIDIC Fdration Internationale des Ingnieurs-Conseils/International Federation of Consulting Engineers

    FIEO Federation of Import and Export Organizations

    FRBM Fiscal Responsibility & Budgetary Management

    GHG Green House Gases


    GIS Geographical Information Systems

    GOK Government of Karnataka (State)

    GPS Global Positioning Systems

    HVDS High Voltage Distribution System

    IEC Information, Education & Communication

    IIFCL India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited

    IIP Intensive Intervention Programme

    IIRM Indian Institute of Rural Management

    IMMT Irrigation Management & Maintenance Transfer

    JNNURM Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission

    KEIP Kolkata Environmental Improvement Project

    KMC Kolkata Municipal Corporation

    KUDCEMP Karnataka Urban Development & Coastal Environment Management Programme

    KUIDFC Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development Finance Corporation

    KUIDP Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development Project

    LAF Land Acquisition Framework

    LAP Land Acquisition Plan

    MAKE Most Admired Knowledge Enterprise

    MAP Management Action Plan