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  • 1. FACILITATING STUDENTS UNDERSTANDING ON DESCRIPTIVE WRITING USING MUSIC VIDEO (An Experimental Research with the Eighth Grade Students of MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal in the Academic Year of 2010/2011) A Final Project Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirement For Gaining the Degree of Bachelor of Education In English Language Education By: ARINA FARDANI Student Number: 073411036 ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING DEPARTMENT EDUCATION FACULTY WALISONGO STATE INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES SEMARANG 2011

2. ABSTRACT Title : Facilitating Students Understanding on Descriptive Writing Using Music Video (An Experimental Research with the Eight Grade Students of MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal in the Academic Year of 2010-2011) Writer : Arina Fardani Student Number : 073411036 The thesis discusses the use of music video in teaching descriptive text. The background of the study is that in the teaching learning, teacher uses conventional method in teaching descriptive text. In this case, students feel saturated with this monotonous situation. They need a new method or medium in learning English, especially Descriptive text. The study is aimed at responding the following questions: (1) how is the comparison of the students score between students who were taught by music video and those who were not in MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal?, (2) what are the results of experimental class and control class in MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal?, (3) what are the advantages of music video in descriptive writing learning which taught in MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal?. The topic is discussed through experimental research in MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal. The data are gathered through documentation, test and observation. All data then are analyzed using the quantitative approach which used some formula to find the normality, homogeneity, test of average and hypothesis test. The study shows that: (1) there is a comparison of the students score between students who were taught with music video and those who were not in MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal. It can be showed with the significant difference of the average score of the experimental and control class in pre-test and post-test. The average score for the experimental class was 72.97 for the pre test and 79.0 for the post test. While the average score for the control class was 70.66 for the pre test and 75.09 for the post test, (2) the result of the calculation using the t-test showed that t count = 2.24 and ttable for = 5% was 1,67. It means that t count was higher than t table {2.24>1,67}. It can be conclude that there is a significant difference in the student writing score of the eight year students of MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal in academic year of 2010/2011 between students who taught writing a descriptive text by using music video and those who taught by using a conventional learning, (3) based on the result, the researcher finds the advantages of using music video in the teaching descriptive text, those are: through music video, students can describe clearer, because music video facilitating students with the real descriptions of people, place, environment and situations. It made students writing more complete because they can describe all of the things in the video. Using music video as teaching medium also made students interested. Music video, for them, was so new that they were so excited in the teaching learning process. 3. ACKNOWLEDGMENT First and foremost, I would like to express gratitude to Allah SWT, the Almighty God for the blessing, kindness, and inspiration in lending me to accomplish the final project. Without Him, I couldnt stay patient and in control in writing this final project from the first page to the last page. Second, Shalawat and Salam always dedicated to our beloved prophet Muhammad SAW, the last prophet and the prophet who had brought us from the darkness to the brightness. I realize that I cannot complete this final project without the help of others. Many people have helped me during the writing this final project and it would be impossible to mention of all them. I wish, however, to give my sincerest gratitude and appreciation to all persons until this thesis can be completely finished. Facilitating Students Understanding on Descriptive Writing Using Music Video (An Experimental Research with Eight Grade Students of MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal in the Academic Year of 2010/2011) is a thesis for readers who want to know the use of Music Video in facilitating students understanding in writing descriptive text. Therefore, I would like to extend my appreciation to all of them, especially to: 1. Dr. Sujai, M.A. as the Dean of Tarbiyah Faculty 2. Siti Tarwiyah, M.Hum. as the Head of English Department 3. Daviq Rizal, M.Pd. as the first thesis advisor and Drs. H. Abdul Wahib, M.Ag. as the second thesis advisor who both had the responsibility for their patience in providing careful guidance, helpful corrections, very good advice as well as suggestion and encouragement during the consultation. There is no single word that I can say except, Thank you very much for guiding me as good as my parent. You are a nice lecturer. 4. All lectures in English Department of Tarbiyah Faculty for valuable knowledge, and advice during the years of my study. 4. 5. Afif Abdullah, S.Pd., as the Headmaster of MTs NU 01 Cepiring Kendal, thanks for the permission to do the research in the school which he lead. And Irwan Rudiyono, S.Pd., as the Englsih Teacher who has given the good guidance to do the research. 6. My lovely parent, Romadhon Soffan, BA and Hanik Wiqoyati. Dad, I hope you rest in peace in the heaven. You are one of the reasons I still stand strongly in this world. Mom, thanks for all your pray, support, your deepest love to me and all that you did for me and my life. Everyone knows that you are the best mom in the world. My brothers, M. Azka Maulida and M. Aqil Luthfan, thanks for your pray. 7. My lovely and unforgettable friends, Ana Rosyidatullaiiliyah, Atin Mawaddah Ilmiyati, Lina Hasnawati, Lulu Ekadini, Eva Risliana Dewi, Kholisatul Umami, Ema Ulfiah and Muhammad Mufti Haris. Thanks for your existence when I need you, for your immeasurable support, pray and help, and thanks for this memorable and unforgettable friendship. I will always keep in my mind. 8. My friends at English Department of Tarbiyah Faculty State Institute for Islamic Studies Walisongo Semarang, especially TBI B 07, who can not mention one by one, thanks for giving me a lot of assistance and motivation. Thanks a lot for cooperation. Semarang, Nopember 2011 The writer, Arina Fardani Student Number 073411036 5. TABLE OF CONTENT Page Title..................................................................................................................... i Thesis Statement................................................................................................. ii Ratification Note................................................................................................. iii Abstract............................................................................................................... vi Acknowledgement.............................................................................................. vii Table of Content................................................................................................. ix The List of Tables................................................................................................ xi The List of Appendices....................................................................................... xii Chapter I : Introduction......................................................................... 1 A. Research Background..................................................... 1 B. Questions of the Research............................................... 4 C. Objectives and Benefits of the Research......................... 4 Chapter II : Review of Related Literatures.............................................. 6 A. Previous Research........................................................... 6 B. Theoretical Framework................................................... 7 1. Concepts of Writing................................................. 7 2. Concepts of Genre................................................... 14 3. Concepts of Descriptive Text.................................. 19 4. Media in Teaching and Learning. 22 5. Teaching Descriptive Writing Using Music Video 23 C. Hypothesis..................................................................... 29 Chapter III : Method of Investigation...................................................... 30 A. Research Design............................................................. 30 B. Research Setting............................................................ 34 C. Population and Sample................................................... 34 D. Variables and Indicators................................................. 35 E. Data Collection Technique............................................. 37 F. Data Analysis Technique................................................ 39 6. Chapter IV : Research Findings and Disscussion..................................... 45 A. Description of the Result of the Research...................... 45 B. Data Analysis and Hypothesis Test................................ 49 C. Disscussion of the Research Findings............................ 55 D. Observation Result Demonstrated by Students in the Class... 56 E. Limitation of the Research.............................................. 58 Chapter V : Conclusions and Suggestions............................................... 59 A. Conclusions..................................................................... 59 B. Suggestions..................................................................... 60 Bibliography Appendices Curriculum Vitae 7. THE LIST OF TABLES Table 1 Variables and Indicators of the Research