Fabricated Metals

of 24 /24
SAP Best Practices for Fabricated Metals V1.604 (US) SAP Best Practices

Embed Size (px)

description

SAP MM Fabricated metals

Transcript of Fabricated Metals

Title

SAP Best Practices for Fabricated MetalsV1.604 (US)SAP Best Practices

#

General InformationSAP Best Practices for Fabricated Metals was developed for small and midsize companies to implement a solution quickly and easily.With a focus on the primary manufacturing business processes this package gives you built-in support for the best business practices in the industry.

FunctionalitiesThe SAP Best Practices for Fabricated Metals V1.604 package supports your business in the following areas :Production planning and controlMaterials managementSales and distributionLogistics General QM/PLMAccountingControllingMaster Data GenerationForms and reportingNon-Ferrous Metal Pricing in DIMP system

#Operational Procurement Time to MarketManufacturing & Scheduling ExecutionInternal Order R&D PlanningInternal Order R&D ActualInternal Product DevelopmentBatch Management Serial Number ManagementMake-to-Stock Production Discrete IndustryMake to Order Production with Variant ConfigurationMake to Order Production w/o Variant ConfigurationRepetitive ManufacturingProduction Subcontracting (External Processing)Rework Processing (Stock-Manufactured Material)Rework Processing (Work-in-Process)Handling Unit Management (HUM) for ProductionRepetitive manufacturing with Kanban Supply into ProductionPlanning and Processing of Semifinished GoodsReprocessing of Defective Goods in Make-to-Stock ProductionProduction Processing with By-ProductRevenue Planning for service without ValuationMake to Order (Multilevel Production) with Variant Config and Sales CostingPreventive Maintenance of Production Resource ToolsSAP BP for Fabricated Metals V1.604 (US) Solution ScopeBlack = Baseline ScenariosRed = Discrete ManufacturingBlue = Fabricated Metals

Sales of Nonstock Item with Order Specific ProcurementQuotation for ProcurementConsumable Purchasing Procurement without QMProcurement ContractStock Transfer with DeliveryStock Transfer without DeliveryReturn to VendorSubcontracted Manufacturing with Configured MaterialsQuality ManagementQM for Procurement with Vendor EvaluationStock Handling ; Scrap and Blocked StockSales Returns with Quality Management (QM)Quality Management in Material TransformationComplaint/ Claim ManagementReturn and ComplaintsBatch RecallSales Return with Quality Management with Configured MaterialLogistics PlanningRevenue PlanningSOP through Long Term Planning Transfer to LIS/PIS/CapacityLong Term Planning with Configured MaterialsForecasting of Make-to-Stock Products with Configured MaterialsDemand and Supply PlanningWarehouse Management Lean Warehouse ManagementPhysical Inventory / Inventory Count and AdjustmentShipping and Receiving with Warehouse ManagementSubcontractingProcurement and Consumption of Consigned InventoryPurchased Material Price PlanningPurchasing with JIT Delivery SchedulesPurchasing Scheduling Agreement with Configured MaterialsInternal Procurement : Cross Company Stock TransferMake-to-stock (Multilevel Production) with Configured MaterialsCombined Production Order Processing (DIMP) #Financials Sales Order Management Sales Processing Using Third Party (w. Shipping Notification)Credit Management Sales Order Processing; Sale from StockFree of Charge DeliverySales QuotationSales Order Processing for ProspectSales Processing Using Third party (w/o Shipping Notification)Debit Memo ProcessingCustomer Consignment ProcessingReturnable ProcessingSales Order Processing with Customer Down PaymentCredit Memo ProcessingSales Order Processing with Collective BillingSales with Scheduling Agreements Sales Scheduling Agreement with Configured MaterialsNon-Ferrous Pricing (DIMP)Fast Data Entry in Order Processing (DIMP)SAP BP for Fabricated Metals V1.604 (US) Solution ScopeBlack = Baseline ScenariosRed = Discrete ManufacturingBlue = Fabricated Metals

General LedgerAccounts Receivable Accounts PayablePeriod End Closing Financial AccountingCash ManagementAsset AccountingAsset Acquisition through Direct CapitalizationAsset Acquisition for Constructed Assets (Investment Orders)AnalyticsReporting with SAP Business ExplorerQuarterly Plan- Sales Quantity Forecast with CO-PASAP ERP Reports for Accounting SAP ERP Reports for LogisticsActivate Document SplittingSegment ReportingGeneral Cost Center PlanningManufacturing Cost Center PlanningStandard Cost CalculationInternal Order for Marketing and Other Overhead PlanningPeriod End Closing General Plant Inventory Valuation for Year End ClosingOverhead Cost Accounting - ActualInternal Order for Marketing and Other Overhead ActualReference and Simulation CostingSales : Period End Closing OperationsPeriod End Closing Activities Activate Document Splitting for Discrete ManufacturingActivate Document Splitting for Fabricated Metals #

Industry-Specific Scenarios (1 of 2)SAP BP for Fabricated Metals V1.604 (US) provides the following industry-specific scenarios:

351: Long Term Planning with Configured materials352: Quality Management in Material Transformation353: Reprocessing of Defective Goods in Make-to-Stock Production355: Production Processing with By-Product356: Subcontracted Manufacturing with Configured Materials357: Make-to-Order (Multilevel Production) with Variant Configuration and Sales Order Costing358: Preventive Maintenance of Production Resource Tools 359: Sales Returns with Quality Management with Configured Materials360:Make-to-stock (Multilevel Production) with Configured Materials #

Industry-Specific Scenarios (2 of 2)SAP BP for Fabricated Metals V1.604 (US) provides the following industry-specific scenarios:

361: Forecasting of Make-to-Stock Products with Configured Materials362: Sales Scheduling Agreement with Configured Materials363: Purchasing Scheduling Agreement with Configured Materials364: Activate Document Splitting for Fabricated Metals370: Non-Ferrous Pricing (DIMP)371: Fast Data Entry in Order Processing (DIMP)372: Combined Production Order Processing (DIMP)

#

Purpose The purpose of logistics planning is to make sure that future demand can be satisfied by your companys available resources and to point out situations where demand cannot be met in time or in the desired quantities. Benefits Seamless Integration in complete planning cycle SOP LTP Demand Planning Key process flows coveredSales and Operation Planning Long Term Planning

Purpose and Benefits:Long Term Planning with Configured Materials (351) #

Purpose In this scenario, various strategies for managing the quality of your products are used. When applying quality checks on goods receipts (for production orders, or for purchase orders), you can decide how to deal with the received material depending on the outcome of the Quality Check. Benefits Creation of inspection lot for a production version Inspection lot after production Usage decision after inspection Inspection and usage decision Key process flows coveredIn internal processes, the scenario focuses on the following activities:Quality Management during production applying a sampling procedure with inspection points Quality Management at production goods receipt (inspection lot, scrap blocked stock, second class material) In external processes, the scenario focuses on the following activities:Quality Management for subcontractor procurement with quality inspection and usage decisionPurpose and Benefits:Quality Management in Material Transformation (352) #

Purpose This scenario focuses on a reprocess within production. After a quality control, you should be having some bad products. But, they will be not necessary transform in scraps product. In case that your process authorizes to reprocess these bad products, you just have to create a new production order to achieve production. Benefits Re-use a material otherwise scrapped , hence lower costs Key process flows coveredProduction order creationChange of operations and components in production orderPurpose and Benefits:Reprocessing of Defective Goods in Make-to-Stock Production (353) #

Purpose This scenario enables you to produce more than one material within one production order, which is often required in disassembly processes, such as cutting of tin.Benefits One or more components are used as input materials in the same production order.Two or more materials are produced simultaneously All products are posted into storage within the same transaction, so that during production execution value differences do not require different processes.Key process flows coveredCreation of production order for by-products

Purpose and Benefits:Production Processing with By-Product(355) #

Purpose The Subcontracting manufacturing with configured materials process involves : sending components to a vendor for manufacturing processes receiving the value-added finished material back into inventory.Benefits BoM explosion triggers follow-on functions like delivery to subcontractor etc.Automatic posting of value flowAutomatic posting of stocks into corresponding stock typesSubcontracting info record shows added value Key process flows coveredOn goods delivery, the scenario focuses on the following activities:Purchase order creation based on a scheduled purchase requisition created by last MRP runOptional: manual purchase order creationPurchase order approval (if required)Outbound deliveryGoods issue for delivery and shipment to subcontractorPurpose and Benefits:Subcontracted Manufacturing with Configured Materials (356) #

Purpose This scenario describes a typical business process for companies which manufacture products based on customer orders with multilevel variant componentsBenefits Variants of a product are represented over one or more configurable materialSales & Operations Planning can be done for predefined material variantsKey process flows coveredSales order processing for a configurable materialProduction of the configurable material Customer DeliveryCustomer BillingPlant closing Company closing

Purpose and Benefits:Make-To-Order (multilevel production) with Variant Configuration and Sales Order Costing (357) #

Purpose The purpose of scenario is to assign PRT as an equipment to production order operation and manage its schedule maintenance. Benefits Integration in complete PRT preventive cycle PRT overview, inc. assignment to ordersAutomatic launch of maintenance orders Key process flows coveredPRT in routings and production ordersMeasurement points and countersMaintenance cycle management, inc. Maintenance orders

Purpose and Benefits:Preventive Maintenance of Production Resource Tools (358) #

Purpose This scenario describes sales order returns processing with quality management inspection lots. Benefits System integrated processing of Customers Returns and Quality Management. Key process flows covered Return Sales order creation which references to the original billing document for the goods.Print RMA document (Return Material Authorization)Delivery creation Quality inspection for returns (QM in Sales)Quality Usage DecisionRelease Returns to Billing Create Billing Document Purpose and Benefits:Sales Returns with Quality Management & with Configured Materials(359) #

Purpose This scenario describes a business process, which is typical for companies with lot-size oriented production. The production scenario produces a finished good and all dependent components in make-to-stock production (MTS). Furthermore, the scenario is supported by the main cost object controlling functions required, such as preliminary costing and period-end closing.Benefits Production triggered by a production planSerial number and batch management includedOptional with: quality management, external processingKey process flows coveredCreating Planned Independent RequirementsMaterial Requirements Planning at Plant LevelCapacity Leveling for ProductionIn-House Production Confirming Production Activities

Purpose and Benefits:MTS (multilevel production) with Configured Materials (360) #

Purpose In this scenario the forecasting level is the semi-finished product. Planned independent requirements are generated for the semi-finished material.The production scenario produces a semi-finished product in make-to-stock production (MTS). The production of the finished product is triggered by customer orders (MTO) having the forecasted semi-finished product as one component in the bill of material.Benefits Production triggered by a production planForecast of semi-finished productsKey process flows coveredCreating Planned Independent RequirementsMaterial Requirements Planning at Plant Level

Purpose and Benefits:Forecasting of Make-to-Stock Products With Configured Materials (361) #

Purpose Scheduling agreements are widely used in discrete industries.This scenario focuses on a order-to-invoice cycle.It describes an outbound process in a typical series business environment.Benefits Streamlined demand flow from customer to supplier High integration of customers and suppliers supply chain managed by cumulative quantitiesShorter process leadtimesPrint out forms support the basic requirements of discrete industriesKey process flows coveredCreate basic customer contract called scheduling agreementUpdate scheduling agreement with forecast and JIT delivery schedulesDisplay item due for delivery and create outbound delivery for available partsEnable traceability via batch number assignmentw. or w/o WMS controlled picking; w. or w/o packaging according to customers packing instructionInvoice items and transfer amounts billed to accounting

Purpose and Benefits:Sales Scheduling Agreement with Configured Materials (362) #

Purpose This scenario focuses on JIT procurement.It describes an inbound process with scheduling agreement & configured material.Benefits Working with scheduling agreements can shorten processing times and reduce the amount of paperwork you are faced with. One delivery schedule can replace a large number of discrete purchase orders or contract release orders.Inventories can be reduced to a minimum. You can carry out your manufacturing operations on the Just-in-Time (JIT) principle.Your vendors require shorter lead times. Smaller deliveries are required, which can be spaced out over a longer period. Delivery scheduling enables vendors to plan and allocate their resources more efficiently.Key process flows coveredCreate scheduling agreement for vendor materialUpdate scheduling agreement with forecast and JIT delivery schedulesCreate Scheduling Agreement ReleasePrint and Transmit Scheduling Agreement to vendorGoods Receipt posting with reference to Scheduling AgreementBilling

Purpose and Benefits:Purchasing Scheduling Agreement with Configured Materials (363) #

Purpose The online split is provided with the new General Ledger Accounting. Documents are enhanced with additional account assignment objects, or additional postings are done which split the original postings into lines referring to the account assignment objects. Account assignment objects can be defined according to selected dimensions. In SAP Best Practices the dimensions are profit centers and segments.Benefits The postings are done in real time (online).It is possible to draw up complete financial statements for the selected dimensions at any time (segment reporting).Key PointsThe online split is provided with the new General Ledger Accounting. The online split is based on segments.The online split must be activated before the start of postings in the client. Postings done before can cause subsequent online split errors (see also note 891144).

Purpose and Benefits:Activate Document Splitting for Fabricated Metals (364) #

Purpose This Business Scenario, Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing, represents the Business Process for Supply of Non-Ferrous materials as regards price determination in both purchasing and sales within the logistic chain. Benefits This enables you to quickly react and adapt to short term changes in pricing determination due to Stock Exchange rates fluctuations. Key process flows covered Definition of a NF material containing the non-ferrous metal FerrochromeDefinition of different base values specific to the non-ferrous metalDefinition of different rate determination methods based on business requirementsMapping of default values in master data, purchasing and sales documentsDefinition of pricesDefinition of Pricing Agreements (Coverage) Supply of Non-Ferrous metals provided by customers

Purpose and Benefits:Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing (DIMP) (370) #

Purpose This scenario describes how the fast data entry functionality works in third party sales as well as in make to order production with variant configuration. Benefits With SAP for Discrete Industries and Mill Products (DIMP), the fast data entry functionality can be used to speed up sales orders and the creation of purchase orders when using configurable materials. Key process flows covered Fast Sales Order Entry ProcessingFast Purchase Order Entry Processing

Purpose and Benefits:Fast Data Entry in Order Processing (DIMP) (371) #

Purpose In this scenario, a combined order is created from two individual orders using the same operations and components.The confirmation and the goods issue are performed against the combined order.The goods receipt is performed against the individual orders.The costs of the combined order are settled to the individual orders.Benefits Combining machine processes for orders that run at the same timeSettling the costs to the individual orders.Key process flows coveredCreating a combined orderConfirmation of production order based on the combined orderSettling costs for the combined orderPurpose and Benefits:Combined ProductionOrders Processing (only DIMP) (372) #LegendSymbolDescriptionUsage CommentsBand: Identifies a user role, such as Accounts Payable Clerk or Sales Representative. This band can also identify an organization unit or group, rather than a specific role.The other process flow symbols in this table go into these rows. You have as many rows as required to cover all of the roles in the scenario.Role band contains tasks common to that role.External Events: Contains events that start or end the scenario, or influence the course of events in the scenario.Flow line (solid): Line indicates the normal sequence of steps and direction of flow in the scenario.Flow line (dashed): Line indicates flow to infrequently-used or conditional tasks in a scenario. Line can also lead to documents involved in the process flow.Connects two tasks in a scenario process or a non-step event

Business Activity / Event: Identifies an action that either leads into or out of the scenario, or an outside Process that happens during the scenario

Does not correspond to a task step in the document

Unit Process: Identifies a task that is covered in a step-by-step manner in the scenario

Corresponds to a task step in the document

Process Reference: If the scenario references another scenario in total, put the scenario number and name here.

Corresponds to a task step in the document

Sub-Process Reference: If the scenario references another scenario in part, put the scenario number, name, and the step numbers from that scenario here

Corresponds to a task step in the document

Process Decision: Identifies a decision / branching point, signifying a choice to be made by the end user. Lines represent different choices emerging from different parts of the diamond.

Does not usually correspond to a task step in the document; Reflects a choice to be made after step executionSymbolDescriptionUsage CommentsTo next / From last Diagram: Leads to the next / previous page of the Diagram

Flow chart continues on the next / previous page

Hardcopy / Document: Identifies a printed document, report, or form

Does not correspond to a task step in a document; instead, it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step; this shape does not have any outgoing flow linesFinancial Actuals: Indicates a financial posting document

Does not correspond to a task step in a document; instead, it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step; this shape does not have any outgoing flow linesBudget Planning: Indicates a budget planning document

Does not correspond to a task step in a document; instead, it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step; this shape does not have any outgoing flow linesManual Process: Covers a task that is manually done

Does not generally correspond to a task step in a document; instead, it is used to reflect a task that is manually performed, such as unloading a truck in the warehouse, which affects the process flow. Existing Version / Data: This block covers data that feeds in from an external process

Does not generally correspond to a task step in a document; instead, this shape reflects data coming from an external source; this step does not have any incoming flow lines System Pass / Fail Decision: This block covers an automatic decision made by the software

Does not generally correspond to a task step in the document; instead it is used to reflect an automatic decision by the system that is made after a step has been executed.

External to SAPBusiness Activity / EventUnit ProcessProcess ReferenceSub-Process ReferenceProcess DecisionDiagram ConnectionHardcopy / DocumentFinancial ActualsBudget PlanningManual ProcessExisting Version / DataSystem Pass/Fail Decision 2010 SAP AG. All rights reserved.No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice.Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors.Microsoft, Windows, Excel, Outlook, and PowerPoint are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM, DB2, DB2 Universal Database, System i, System i5, System p, System p5, System x, System z, System z10, System z9, z10, z9, iSeries, pSeries, xSeries, zSeries, eServer, z/VM, z/OS, i5/OS, S/390, OS/390, OS/400, AS/400, S/390 Parallel Enterprise Server, PowerVM, Power Architecture, POWER6+, POWER6, POWER5+, POWER5, POWER, OpenPower, PowerPC, BatchPipes, BladeCenter, System Storage, GPFS, HACMP, RETAIN, DB2 Connect, RACF, Redbooks, OS/2, Parallel Sysplex, MVS/ESA, AIX, Intelligent Miner, WebSphere, Netfinity, Tivoli and Informix are trademarks or registered trademarks of IBM Corporation.Linux is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries.Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, PostScript, and Reader are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries.Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation.UNIX, X/Open, OSF/1, and Motif are registered trademarks of the Open Group.Citrix, ICA, Program Neighborhood, MetaFrame, WinFrame, VideoFrame, and MultiWin are trademarks or registered trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc.HTML, XML, XHTML and W3C are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C, World Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Java is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc.JavaScript is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape. SAP, R/3, SAP NetWeaver, Duet, PartnerEdge, ByDesign, Clear Enterprise, SAP BusinessObjects Explorer, and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and other countries.Business Objects and the Business Objects logo, BusinessObjects, Crystal Reports, Crystal Decisions, Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, and other Business Objects products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP France in the United States and in other countries. All other product and service names mentioned are the trademarks of their respective companies. Data contained in this document serves informational purposes only. National product specifications may vary.The information in this document is proprietary to SAP. No part of this document may be reproduced, copied, or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express prior written permission of SAP AG.This document is a preliminary version and not subject to your license agreement or any other agreement with SAP. This document contains only intended strategies, developments, and functionalities of the SAP product and is not intended to be binding upon SAP to any particular course of business, product strategy, and/or development. Please note that this document is subject to change and may be changed by SAP at any time without notice.SAP assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in this document. SAP does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the information, text, graphics, links, or other items contained within this material. This document is provided without a warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement.SAP shall have no liability for damages of any kind including without limitation direct, special, indirect, or consequential damages that may result from the use of these materials. This limitation shall not apply in cases of intent or gross negligence.The statutory liability for personal injury and defective products is not affected. SAP has no control over the information that you may access through the use of hot links contained in these materials and does not endorse your use of third-party Web pages nor provide any warranty whatsoever relating to third-party Web pages.24 #