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Exponential Growth and Decay Greg Kelly, Hanford High School, Richland, Washington Glacier National Park, Montana Photo by Vickie Kelly, 2004

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Exponential Growth and Decay. Glacier National Park, Montana Photo by Vickie Kelly, 2004. Greg Kelly, Hanford High School, Richland, Washington. Ex. Find the equation of the curve in the xy-plane that passes through the given point and whose tangent at - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

### Transcript of Exponential Growth and Decay Exponential Growth and Decay

Greg Kelly, Hanford High School, Richland, Washington

Glacier National Park, MontanaPhoto by Vickie Kelly, 2004 Ex. Find the equation of the curve in the xy-plane thatpasses through the given point and whose tangent ata given point (x, y) has the given slope

2

slope = Point: (1, 1)3yx The number of bighorn sheep in a population increases at a rate that is proportional to the number of rabbits present (at least for awhile.)

So does any population of living creatures. Other things that increase or decrease at a rate proportional to the amount present include radioactive material and money in an interest-bearing account.

If the rate of change is proportional to the amount present, the change can be modeled by:

dy kydt dy kydt

1 dy k dty

1 dy k dty

ln y kt C

Rate of change is proportional to the amount present.

Divide both sides by y.

Integrate both sides. 1 dy k dty

ln y kt C

Integrate both sides.

Exponentiate both sides.

When multiplying like bases, add exponents. So added exponents can be written as multiplication.

ln y kt Ce e

C kty e e ln y kt Ce e

C kty e e

Exponentiate both sides.

When multiplying like bases, add exponents. So added exponents can be written as multiplication.

C kty e e

kty Ae Since is a constant, let .Ce Ce A C kty e e

kty Ae Since is a constant, let .Ce Ce A

At , .0t 0y y00

ky Ae

0y A

1

0kty y e This is the solution to our original initial

value problem. 0kty y eExponential Change:

If the constant k is positive then the equation represents growth. If k is negative then the equation represents decay. Population Growth

In the spring, a bee population will grow according to an exponential model. Suppose that the rate of growth of the population is 30% per month.

a) Write a differential equation to model the population growth of the bees.

b) If the population starts in January with 20,000 bees, use your model to predict the population on June 1st.