Expedition Titanic titanic 2012.pdf · PDF fileHistorical Background Maiden Voyage The...
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Expedition Titanic 2012
Diving Into History WimmerSpace.com
The Titanic began her maiden voyage from Southampton, bound for New York City on 10 April 1912, with Captain Edward J. Smith in command. When she finally departed for New York, there were a total of 2,223 people aboard.
On the night of Sunday the 14 April 1912, the moon was visible in the clear sky, the temperature had dropped to near freezing, and the ocean was calm. Lookout Frederick Fleet was the first to see the fatal iceberg as a small mass one mile away and he immediately alarmed the bridge. The crew tried in vain to turn the ship, but the Titanics course altered only slightly allowing the iceberg to tear open the ships side. The Captain ordered for distress signals to be sent and the stewards began to urge passengers to dress and put on their life vests.
Unfortunately the Titanics distress signals were never heard. On deck, people were scrambling towards the stern or jumping overboard in hope of reaching a lifeboat. The ship's stern slowly rose into the air, exposing the propellers and everything unsecured crashed towards the water. The Titanic carried 20 lifeboats with a total capacity of 1,178 people, less than half of the passengers and crew members on board. The morning of the 15 April 1912 the Titanic fell into the depths, resulting in the deaths of 1,517 people in one of the deadliest peacetime disasters maritime in history.
The Rediscovery of the Titanic
The rediscovery of the Titanic was found by Dr Robert Ballard in 1986. Since then multiple dives have been conducted by some of the worlds five deep diving submersibles. Every dive collates data, physical samples and records imagery from the site. The wreck itself continues to host ongoing scientific experiments conducted by world scientists.
J.C. Milling telegram April 14: ABANAPAS (All well, calm weather, ship fine, having fun, good company, nice trip). April 14, 1912 at 23.40: Fleet & Lee spotted iceberg. Three ring signals. Time to impact: 35-40 seconds. That was a narrow shave Fleet. Size of hole: 1.1 m2 , allowing 7 T/sec water to enter ship. April 15, 1912 at 00.05: Captain Smith ordered rescue boats in water after inspection together with Thomas Andrews. No general alarm was sounded, no whistle blown and no systematic warning was given the passengers (USC). 00.25: Carpathia receives CQD. 10 emergency fireworks lit. 00.45: SOS telegraphed out by Bride. Received by Olympic. 00.45 01.55 16 rescue boats put in water (some half empty). 01.55: Lowe (5th captain) fired gun along every deck to prevent overcrowding of last rescue boat. 02.05: Last Engelhardtboat lowered into water. Approx 1500 people still on ship. Orchestra playing. Front deck takes in water. 02.15: Captain Smith relieved telegraphers from duty and returns to die at ship bridge. 02.20 Front deck sank. Front chimney broke. Back end of ship incl . 3 propellers turned up before sinking. Total onboard incl. crew (876):2223 persons of which 706 survived (32%). Skewed: women/children 1st class 145/156 (92%) vs. men 2nd class 15/157 (10%).
Timeline April 14-15, 1912
Source: Titanic, Thomas Noergaard Olesen
Completed and left Harland & Wolff shipyard April 2, 1912.
Length & Width: 269.7 m & 28 m
Power: 50.000 hp
Top speed: 23 knots (42 km/h)
Coal consumption: 25 T/hr total load: 8000 T (5900 Maiden)
Electric cables: 350 km & 10.000 light bulbs
Breaking distance: 800 metre (at 20 knots)
Departed Southampton: April 10, 1912
Beer bottles on board: 15.000
Scandinavian on maiden voyage: 180 (of which 13 Danish).
Notable passengers: Henry Harper (Publisher); John Jacob Astor (Hotelier); Ben Guggenheim (Mining).
What Went Wrong
Unfortunate set of coincidences: 1. Warm Gulf Stream much further south in 1912 than normally 2. Exceptionally clear and calm night April 14-15, 1912 => very difficult to spot wave impact on icebergs. 3. Too high speed in iceberg waters (21 knots). Although standard in 1912, Schackleton: You have no right to go at that speed in an ice zone (max 4 knots). Iceberg spotted by Fleet & Lee at 450 m distance. 4. Regulatory shortfall: Rescue capacity was only 20 rescue boats with max 1178 persons (3560
safety belts). 5. Evacuation process: early rescue boats left half empty (only women & children). Only 700 seats out of 1178 were used. 6. Distance to nearby vessels and communication issues. Esp Californian (23.00: Jack Philips to Cyril Evans: Keep out. Im working Cape Race). Mount Temple: only 11 knots Carpathia: First to reach survivors Birma: (Russian OEK) arrived at 07.30 am at wrongly given location. Found Carpathia at noon.
The Titanic Became a Movie Star
The Titanic tragedy was made even more legendary in 1997 when James Cameron directed one of Hollywood's most famous love story's of all time. The relationship between Jack Dawson (Leonardo DiCaprio) and Rose DeWitt Bukater (Kate Winslet) was the main focus, but many of the other characters were based on actual Titanic passengers. Cameron's inspiration for the film was predicated on his fascination with shipwrecks, he wanted to convey the emotional message of the tragedy, and felt that a love story interspersed with the human loss would be essential to achieving this.
Production on the film began in 1995, when Cameron shot footage of the actual Titanic wreck on board the Akademik Keldysh. The Akademik Keldysh is the best deep-diving support vessel in the world and is the same one used for Wimmers Titanic Expedition 2012.
Production costs for the film amounted to $200 million, making it one of the most expensive movie ever made. The film won a total of 11 Oscars as well as 76 wins and 48 nominations and after its release in 1997 it became the highest grossing film of all time pulling in over $1.8 billion worldwide.
Motivation For Centennial Titanic Dive
1. Adventure motive: From flying to a deep ocean dive 2. Titanic most iconic ocean dive site in the world 3. Centennial 100 years on. 4. Last chance: Dive operations to Titanic likely to stop after Centennial 5. Indirectly subsidizing scientific observations and analysis 6. Honor and respect to the descendants of the families affected by remembering that tragic night.
Titanic 100 Years Later.
Akademik Keldysh The Akademik Keldysh is the best deep-diving support vessel in the world. Owned and operated by the Moscow-based P.P Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, its crew of scientists and technicians have worked together for over 17 years, participating in deep-dive expeditions all over the world. In addition to its many laboratories, the Keldysh features a library covering underwater archaeology, oceanography and deep-sea exploration.
MIR I & II MIR I and II are deep-diving submersibles capable of reaching ocean depths of 20,000 feet. Housed aboard The mothership Akademik Keldysh, the two MIR submersibles are two of only six deep-diving vessels available to the worlds scientific community. Constructed of nickel steel, they are designed to withstand the enormous pressures that exist in the depths of the oceans. Each MIR cabin is a 2.1 m diameter sphere, accommodating three persons. Air pressure inside the habitat remains at a constant one atmosphere; the air is
recycled in a manner similar to that used onboard a spacecraft. During the dive, there will be a drop in temperature to approx. 12C.
The Titanic Expedition 2012 - Dive Itinerary
July 13: Arrive St. Johns, Newfoundland
Meet the Deep Ocean Expeditions team and the other dive participants, orientation and briefing.
July 14: St. Johns / At Sea
Board the expedition vessel and set sail on the exciting journey towards the Titanic wreck site, lying in international waters 380 miles to the southeast of Newfoundland.
July 15: At Sea, en route Titanic site
Explore the extraordinary research ship and prepare for the upcoming 12,500 foot dive to the most famous shipwreck in the world.
July 16 -21: Arrival at the Titanic site / Dives to the Titanic wreck
The dive to the Titanic will be made aboard either the MIR I or MIR II submersibles
It takes 2.5 hours to reach the ocean floor, 12,500 feet beneath the surface
During the three to four hours down at the Titanic wreck site, the dive will focus on the bow section, the largest and most impressive section of the wreck, numerous artifacts strewn across on the ocean floor, as well as the ships giant boilers, enormous propellers and the famous grand staircase.
July 22: Departing the Titanic site
Final day at the Titanic wreck site
July 23: En route St. Johns Newfoundland
A day at sea and a day of reflecting on the incredible diving achievement
July 24: Arrival St. Johns Newfoundland and Disembarkation
End of this amazing journey
Titanic And Nearby Vessels April 15, 1912
Source: Titanic, Thomas Noergaard Olesen
The Titanic Expedition 2012 - The Expedition Team
Per Wimmer Founder of Wimmer Financial and Wimmer Space Entrepreneur, Adventurer, Author, Pioneer Scheduled to be the first Dane in space. In 2008 he completed the first tandem sky dive over Mount Everest. Rob McCallum General Manager (DOE), Professional expedition leader