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TELECOM BUZZ !!! “expanding telecom world horizon”
ISSUE 23 , July, 2012
A MobileComm Professionals Inc. Publication www.mcpsinc.com
Radiation : Identifying the Pain BYOD : Usability vs.
NSN wins Australian Network Upgrade
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From the Editor
According to a research from Gartner Inc. - By 2013, the no. of people accessing internet from their smartphones or tablets will exceed those using laptops or desktops. These figures show that a huge opportunity lies in front of the Telcos, but it may also pose a risk to consumer health, claim certain organizations. Recently Inter Ministerial Committee has recommended to reduce Electro Magnetic radiation from Telecom tower by one – tenth from the current levels which industry players claim would increase cost of deploying and operating telecom networks. Though mounting evidence is available on the internet describing health and environmental hazards due to EMF radiation, Telco's strongly oppose them stating that such studies have developed a negative attitude towards the subject. If science is to be believed, RF waves lie in the non- ionizing part of spectrum which means they do not have the capability to cause genetic damage. A constant monitor by industry bodies is the need of an hour while the debate is still open. I hope you’ll find the contents of this issue value adding and interesting. Drop in any queries or suggestions you may have at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Key Company Highlights
• Alcatel Lucent selects MobileComm as their partners to provide Multi Vendor Training.
• MobileComm bags an outdoor benchmarking contract of Huawei in MP circle.
• MobileComm expands its horizons in
3G with the addition of 10 engineers for HSPA + drive testing
• MobileComm gets into pact with
Reliance Infotel and Aricent by deploying its valuable survey resource and a post processing engineer respectively.
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Like every growth story, India’s successful telecom industry is also not free from challenges. Undoubtedly, the ever increasing subscriber base and continuous innovations in the industry have helped in creating new opportunities, but those have also led to significant environmental concerns.
What’s the buzz all about The Delhi High Court recently issued notices to the central and the Delhi governments on a plea to ban high-frequency mobile phone towers in residential areas as according to the reports; its radiation causes health hazards. From September 1 this year, India will lower the level to one tenth of the prevailing standard - from 9.2 w/m2 (watt per square metre) to 0.92 w/m2. If Stastics to be believed, India's current radiation exposure limit (9.2 watt/m2) for mobile towers is higher than countries like Russia (0.2 w/m2) and China (0.4 w/m2). In USA, Canada and Japan, however, the radiation exposure limit is much higher (12 w/m2). The department of telecommunications has also issued directions for reducing the specific absorption rate (SAR), a measure of the amount of radiofrequency energy absorbed by the body while using a phone. In May last year, WHO classified radiofrequency EMF associated with a wireless phone as 'possibly carcinogenic to humans‘.
Telecom Radiations: Terminologies There are two kinds of radiations associated with mobile phones – the risk of radiation from the handset,and the risk of radiation for those living near telecommunication towers. Tower Radiations : Radio signals are part of everyday life, emitted both by natural sources like the sun, the Earth and the ionosphere, and by artificial sources such as: mobile phone base stations, broadcast towers, radar facilities, remote
controls, medical, electrical and electronic equipment. Cellular towers work in the non- ionizing spectrum which means they do not have the capability to cause and genetic damage. Moreover, the RF emissions from these sources are several multifold times lower than the safety limits set by international EMF standards bodies. Mobile Radiations : The other factor that requires consideration apart from the Tower Radiations is the Mobile Radiation or radiation from the handsets. Mobile radiation is measured according to its specific absorption rate (SAR), a measure of power absorbed per mass of body weight. Each phone has its own SAR rating, with the lowest number indicating the lowest emissions. Among the phones currently on the market, the range extends between about 0.3 and 1.6, which is the upper safety limit in the US and Canada.
MobileComm Professionals Inc.
Telecom Tower Radiation : Identifying the Pain
12 w/m sq
INDIA CHINA RUSSIA
9.2 w/m sq 0.4 w/m sq 0.2 w/m sq
MobileComm Professionals Inc. 2.
The Telecom Operators are resisting the government move of cutting the radiation limits to a tenth from September 1. According to them, Lowering of EMF limits will give no health benefits but affect services. Reduced radiation from towers means deteriorated network coverage. In order to solve this problem, service providers will have to increase the number of cell towers which will increase the overall EMF radiation. Bad network means the phone has to work harder at a higher power to connect with nearest base station which will cause greater personal exposure. Also, if the handset works operates at a higher power, the battery will discharge faster, giving consumers lesser talktime/standby time, leading to degraded customer experience. In 2008, the government of India adopted ICNIRP guidelines for limiting the human exposure to EMF, for the telecom sector in India. While service providers have established necessary infrastructure for self-monitoring and self-testing of EMF measurement for complying with emission limits as per ICNIRP guidelines, people feel the industry needs an independent audit, which can go a long way in removing speculation over the veracity of such reports. Certainly, these people do not have the right to then blame service providers for bad network, delayed 3G and broadband services
Extended Deadlines Telecom companies now have more than 5 mnths to comply with the radiation norms. Earlier date was April 1 but government deferred it to September 1. In the meantime DoT has been asked to look in to issues raised by the industry. DoT in November 2011 accepted recommendation given by Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) on electromagnetic radiation being emitted from mobile phone towers. It decided to implement the same from April 1. However, there is no extension for radiation
OPERATORS / SERVICE ENABLERS
What Telecom Companies have to Say ?
guideline implementation date by mobile handset companies under which all mobile handsets to be sold in India from September 1 have to lower their radiation emission from SAR 2 to SAR 1.6. This means that the device should emit maximum of 1.6 watt of energy over 1 gram of body tissue exposed to it.
The Research Continues The COAI (Cellular Operators Association of India), and Auspi (Association of United Telecom Service Providers of India), the two industries bodies representing GSM and CDMA players respectively, claimed that there is no scientific evidence as of today to suggest that the radiation emitted by the towers can cause cancer. The Telecom Engineering and Resource Monitoring (Term) cells of the department of Telecommunications test up to 10% of BTS sites randomly at their discretion. Additionally, the BTS sites against which there are public complaints are also tested by TERM Cells. The testing is done as per procedures prescribed by Telecom Engineering Centre (TEC). TERM Cells have tested more than 19,658 BTSs so far and all are found to be conforming to the prescribed EMF norms. Recently the government has decided to set up an expert panel to chart out a time-bound action plan for an in-depth study of the impact of radiation emanating from cell phone towers on human health and ecology since DoT and cell phone operators have been claiming there is not enough evidence to prove that "exposure to radiation" can adversely impact human health and ecology. This might come as a sigh relief for operators, manufacturers as well as new technologies, but the debate is still open.