of 24 /24
EXPANDING AND CONDENSING LOGARITHMS

marybeth-gibson
• Category

## Documents

• view

227

3

TAGS:

Embed Size (px)

### Transcript of EXPANDING AND CONDENSING LOGARITHMS PROPERTIES OF LOGARITHMS Product Property: Quotient Property:... EXPANDING AND CONDENSING LOGARITHMS Product Property:

Quotient Property:

Power Property:

PROPERTIES OF LOGARITHMS

CAAC bbb logloglog

CAC

Abbb logloglog

AkA bk

b loglog Product Property:

PROPERTIES OF LOGARITHMS

CAAC bbb logloglog = loga M + loga N

EX. EXPRESS AS A SUM OF LOGARITHMS.

1) loga MN

= logb A + logb T2) logb AT

= log M + log A + log T + log H

3) log MATH 557log = log5 (19•3)

EX. EXPRESS AS A SINGLE LOGARITHM

4) log5 19 + log5 3

5) log C + log A + log B + log I + log N

= log CABIN Expanding the Logarithm (Write as a sum of logarithms):

)981(log3

)48(log2

)5log( x Expanding the Logarithm (Write as a sum of logarithms):

)981(log3

)48(log2

)5log( x EX. EXPRESS AS A SUM OF LOGARITHMS, THEN SIMPLIFY.

6) log2 (4•16) = log2 4 + log216

= 6= 2 + 4

162

42?

? Quotient Property

PROPERTIES OF LOGARITHMS

CAC

Abbb logloglog log loga aM N

1 4log loga a

EX. EXPAND (EXPRESS AS A DIFFERENCE)

8)

9)

N

Malog

4

1loga Expanding the Logarithm (Write as a difference of logs):

64

4log2

27

1log3

4

3log5 Expanding the Logarithm (Write as a difference of logs):

64

4log2

27

1log3

4

3log5 Power Property:

PROPERTIES OF LOGARITHMS

AkA bk

b loglog 1

4log 5a

= -5 • logb9

EX. EXPRESS AS A PRODUCT.

1

45loga

11)

12)

59log b

4 5logb Expanding the Logarithms:

53 81log

27log3

32 )32(log

32log2 Expanding the Logarithms:

53 81log

27log3

32 )32(log

32log2 EX. 14 EXPAND

= log5 + logy+ logx3

= log5 + logy+ 3 logx

log5x3y EX. 15 EXPAND 10

4

23log •Simplify the

division.

104 23log log a

•Simplify the multiplication of 4

10 104 23log log log a

•Change the radical sign to an exponent

1

210 104log log log 23a

•Express the exponent as a product

10 10

1

24 23log log log a Expanding the Logarithms:

z

xylog

z

yx3

log yx2log Expanding the Logarithms:

z

xylog

z

yx3

log yx2log EX. CONDENSE.2

1

loglog 3 yx

log( ) logx x2 2

log( )x

x

2 2

16)

17)

yx loglog 3

yx log2

1log3

xx log)2log(2 •Simplify the subtraction.

•Change the fractional exponent to a radical sign.1

45log log loga a ayx z

45log log loga a ay zx 5

4log loga ax zy

45

logazx

y

EX 18 CONDENSE

zyx aaa log4

1loglog 5 PROPERTIES OF LOGARITHMSloga1 = 0

logaa = 1

logaax = x a xa xlog If loga x= loga y then x = y

because a0 = 1because a1 = a

loglog

loga xx

a 10

10

Change-of-Base

log ( ) log loga a auv u v

log log loga a a

u

vu v

log logan

au n u

Product Property

Quotient Property

Power Property log log logx y x y log

loglog

xx y

y

log( ) log logx y x y