Evaluation of Orphanage

download Evaluation of Orphanage

of 54

  • date post

    15-Oct-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    41
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

description

Some of my study regarding to current condition of several private orphanages

Transcript of Evaluation of Orphanage

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    1/54

    THE EVALUATION OF

    MOTIVATIONAL SPACE DESIGN

    FOR ORPHANAGEACCOMMODATION IN SELANGOR

    Shah Amir Ezham bin Ismail, AidaKesuma binti Azmin

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    2/54

    Abstract

    This research aims to derive the criteria needed in order to evaluate amotivational space design especially for orphanages accommodation inorder to create awareness among future architects as well as for theorphansmanagers. The research uses qualitative data through literaturereview studies as the methodology to derive the variables needed formotivational space design, while the combination of both qualitative and

    quantitative data are used to affirm the variables through case studies.The outcome of this research signifies that there are seven variablesneeded in evaluating or designing a motivational space. At the end of theresearch, it is hope that the criteria will shift the existing paradigm on howto design a good motivational orphanage in the future.

    Keywords: motivation, space, orphanage, orphan, accommodation,motivational space.

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    3/54

    Content

    Introduction

    Methodology

    Literature Review Precedent Study

    Data Collection and Analysis

    Conclusion

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    4/54

    Introduction

    Government children care does not cater the

    real number of the orphans in Malaysia (only

    9 Rumah Kanak-Kanak in Malaysia)

    Most of private orphanages are established

    due to urgent need in order to cater the stray

    orphans and to help catering other

    orphanages which has reached its limit oftaking another orphans

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    5/54

    Unfortunately, some are poor in term of

    condition due to lack of budget in building and

    maintaining the facilities but some of the private

    orphanages are in good condition generally.

    Most of the orphanage owners do not really

    know how to really build a good shelter that

    could give motivationfor the orphans, especiallywith motivational approach in design

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    6/54

    The only mitigation strategy that the caretakerof the orphanages took was to enhance andimprove the programme offered in the

    orphanage. In order to improve the condition, this

    research is intended to find out the best wayto derive criteria needed to design amotivational space for orphanagesaccommodation in Malaysia.

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    7/54

    Issues and Problems

    Issue

    There is no any official guideline to design

    motivational quality space for orphanages

    accommodation.

    No profound research done regarding the

    issue of motivational space mainly in

    Malaysia.

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    8/54

    Problems

    Orphans are not motivated during their time

    in the orphanages, especially in their

    accommodation

    Future orphanages will be continuously built

    without the consideration of motivational

    quality in design

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    9/54

    Aim and Objective

    Aims

    The aims of this research are:

    to evaluate motivational qualityslevel in existing

    orphanage accommodation with suitable criteria

    and;

    to derive the criteria needed for a quality

    motivational accommodation for the orphan

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    10/54

    Objectives

    To evaluate the level of motivational designsquality in existing orphanages

    accommodations; To evaluate the perceptions of the orphan

    towards their existing accommodation;

    To analyse the best approach for a goodquality of motivational accommodation forthe orphans.

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    11/54

    Research Question

    What is the level of motivational designs

    quality in existing orphanages

    accommodations?

    What are the perceptions of the orphan

    towards their existing accommodation?

    What is the best approach for a good quality

    of motivational accommodation for the

    orphans?

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    12/54

    Research Methodology

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    13/54

    Literature Review

    Reward for treating the orphans

    The fifth hadithrecorded in the book of Ethics

    with the Single (book 7), it says: Umm Said bintu

    Murra al-Fihri related from her father that theProphet, may Allah bless him and grant him

    peace, said, I and the guardian of an orphan will

    be in the Garden like these two (showing his two

    fingers closely put)

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    14/54

    Orphans

    Islamic definition: According to the KuwaitEncyclopedia of Islamic Jurisprudence [ ] (1984), the word orphan only can beassociated to a person who lost his or her father

    before the person reach the age of puberty (wetdream or menstruation)

    Oxford definition: According to Oxford (2013), theterm orphan is used to a child who has lost his orher both parents.

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    15/54

    Unicef: UNICEF (2012) and global partners define

    an orphan as a child who has lost one or both

    parents

    Other: Skinner (2004) discusses the definitionthrough a more detail discussion which separate

    the definition of child and orphan, whereby the

    orphan himself must be a child, which according to

    usual definition of a kid which under 18 years old

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    16/54

    Orphans Psychology

    Grief, low self esteemand despairare the

    main mental illness that both types of orphans

    suffer from

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    17/54

    The findings of the current research suggest all the orphanchildren reported lower self-esteem as compared to thechildren living with their parents probably due to loss of

    their parents. These findings are consistent with those ofthe prior researches. Mohanty and Newhills (2005)research findings suggest that international adolescentadoptees have lower self-esteem and are at higher risk fordeveloping severe mental health problems and social

    maladjustment than children of the same age living withtheir biological families in the general population. Theirstudy also indicated that many international adoptees areconfused about their racial and ethnic identity and facedifficulties in handling bias and discrimination. They further

    argue that the international adoptees may have a betteradjustment if their adoptive parents are sensitive andappropriately responsive to issues related to their adoptedchild's race, ethnicity, and culture(p. 124).

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    18/54

    Orphanage

    is an institution that caters and cares theorphan. Basically, it is built to accommodatethe orphans from any background as long as itmeets the characteristics.

    According to wisegeek.com (2013), orphanageis the place for the children who doesnt haveparents and does not able to live on their

    own.

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    19/54

    Motivation: Positive and Negative

    Radwan (2013) said that positive motivation is

    a motivation that motivates a person to gain

    some incentives at the end of the action or

    effort, while negative motivation is a type of

    motivation that moves a person to avoid from

    mishap as the end result.

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    20/54

    Motivational Space

    a space that is designed to provide incentives

    for human through various design approaches

    which will positively influence them to react in

    a certain or particular way to achieve their

    goal

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    21/54

    Motivational Space

    the main points to inculcate a motivational

    environment through the treatment of the

    surrounding and ambience are confidence,

    comfort and happy.

    Confidence to encounter low self esteem

    Comfort and happy to encounter grief and

    misery

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    22/54

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    23/54

    Lorena (2013) claims that:

    Comfortin architecture can relate to many aspects of

    how a building gets designed. Itsnot always just abouttemperature control the issue that gets so muchattention anytime building comfortgets mentioned. Infact, building comfort has a lot to do with how anarchitectural built form engages an occupant through

    all of their senses, particularly when considering theharmonization between them like with factors oflighting, materiality, sound, and so on.

    In this light, the author has interpreted the variables of

    confidence and comfort for motivational quality in aspace through this diagram:

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    24/54

  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    25/54

    Precedent Study

    Jerusalem Orphanage, South Africa

    Figure 23: Jerusalem Orphanage (Source: Inhabitat.com)

    http://inhabitat.com/new-jerusalem-orphanage-built-with-recycled-shipping-containers-makes-south-african-kids-feel-loved-again/new-jerusalem-orphanage-by-4d-and-a-architects-lead-a/?extend=1
  • 5/25/2018 Evaluation of Orphanage

    26/54

    Dr. Adrienne Feldner-Busztin of New

    Jerusalem has observed drastic improvements

    in the children after just the