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Transcript of ESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC AND ROMAN ORLDS 2014-09-12¢  FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE...

  • Onno van Nijf

    Christina Williamson

    CRASIS Annual Meeting 2012 “Cultures of Networks in the Ancient Mediterranean – 9 & 10 February, 2012

    FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC AND ROMAN WORLDS

  • Agenda

    1. Introduction – Greek cities in the Hellenistic world

    2. Network models and festivals – the case of Stratonikeian network building through the festival of

    Hekate at Lagina

    3. Network agents at festivals – the role of theoroi, athletes, and associations

    4. Conclusion – building a ‘small world’ through festivals?

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    FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

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    FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

    The Classical periodos: Olympia, Delphi, Nemea, Isthmia

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    FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

    Stratonikeia and the sanctuary of Hekate at Lagina

  • Agenda

    1. Introduction – Greek cities in the Hellenistic world

    2. Network models and festivals – the case of Stratonikeian network building through the festival of

    Hekate at Lagina

    3. Network agents at festivals – the role of theoroi, athletes, and associations

    4. Conclusion – building a ‘small world’ through festivals

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    FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

  • FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

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    Some useful literature

    Archibald, Z.H. (2000) 'Making the most of one's friends. Western Asia Minor in the early Hellenistic age', in Z.H. Archibald and L.A. Hall, ed. Hellenistic economies, London, 245-270

    Brughmans, T. (Forthcoming) 'Facebooking the past. A critical social network analysis approach for archaeology', in A. Chrysanthi et al., eds, Thinking beyond the tool. Archaeological computing and the interpretative process, Oxford

    Chwe, M.S.-Y. (2000) 'Communication and coordination in social networks', The Review of Economic Studies 67(1), 1-16

    Collar, A. (2007) 'Network theory and religious innovation', Mediterranean Historical Review 22(1), 149-162 Gould, R.V. (1993) 'Collective action and network structure', American Sociological Review 58, 182-196 Horden, P. and N. Purcell (2000) The corrupting sea. A study of Mediterranean history, Oxford Kowalzig, B. (2007) 'Mapping out communitas. Performances of theoria in their sacred and political

    context', in J. Elsner and I. Rutherford, ed. Pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman and early Christian antiquity, Oxford, 41-72

    Ma, J. (2003) 'Peer polity and interaction in the Hellenistic age', Past and Present 180, 9-39 Malkin, I. (2005) 'Networks and the emergence of Greek identity', in I. Malkin, ed. Mediterranean

    paradigms and classical antiquity, London, 56-74 Malkin, I., C. Constantakopoulou, et al. (2007) 'Preface: Networks in the Ancient Mediterranean',

    Mediterranean Historical Review 22(1), 1-9 Meijers, E. (2007) 'From Central Place to Network model. Theory and evidence of a paradigm change',

    Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 98(2), 245-259 Rutherford, I. (2007) 'Network theory and theoric networks', Mediterranean Historical Review 22(1), 23-37 –

    and other contributions in this issue! Watts, D.J. and S.H. Strogatz (1998) 'Collective dynamics of 'small-world' networks', Nature 393(4 June

    1998), 440-442

  • The world seen from Magnesia on the Maeander

    FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

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    Magnesia on the Maeander

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    Stratonikeia in Karia

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    (Stratonikeia - demes) The five older communities known from demotics: - Hiera Kome (ΙΕ) - Koranza (ΚΖ) - Koliorga (ΚΟ) - Koraia (ΚΩ) - Lobolda (ΛΟ) (Cousin and Diehl 1887; Şahin 1976, 1- 15; Debord 1994)

    Koranza

    Koliorga

    Koranza

    Koraia/Lobolda

    Koraia/Lobolda

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    Hekate and Lagina

    Tridrachm, 160-130 BC – Zeus & Hekate (Meadows 2002 Group 1, specimen 1a)

    Temple architrave frieze – Hekate in a gigantomachy

    Sanctuary complex – late 2nd c. BC

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    (Stratonikeia - demes)

    STRATONIKEIA

    LAGINA Koranza

    Koliorga

    Koranza

    Koraia/Lobolda

    Koraia/Lobolda

    The five older communities become the demes of Stratonikeia with Lagina as common sanctuary and ‘central’ node of the polis

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    (wider Stratonikeian territory after SC)

    Stratonikeia becomes one of the largest poleis in Karia after the territorial annex granted in the Senatus Consultum of 81 BC

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    The world according to Stratonikeia

    LAGINA

    Map of the 57 cities that recognized the asylia (inviolability) of Lagina granted by Rome after the Mithridatic wars (80s BC), and participated in the Hekatesia- Romaia festivals (I.Stratonikeia 505-508)

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    The regional festival network of Stratonikeia List of places in which an athlete from Kos was victorious, including the Hekatesia at Lagina (Iscrizioni di Cos EV 203)

    LAGINA

  • Agenda

    1. Introduction – Greek cities in the Hellenistic world

    2. Network models and festivals – the case of Stratonikeian network building through the festival of

    Hekate at Lagina

    3. Network agents at festivals – the role of theoroi, athletes, and associations

    4. Conclusion – building a ‘small world’ through festivals

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    FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

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    Network specialists at agonistic festivals

    1. Theoroi & theorodokoi

    2. Athletes

    3. Associations of artists

    Theoroi jJoint sacrifice

    Points

    mean prizes

    Association (SYNODOS) in Hierapolis

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    Network agents #2 – Prize-winning Athletes

  • FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

    Aurelius Demostratos Damas of Sardis documents from: Sardis, Ephesos, Delphi, Hermoupolis, Rome

    Hermoupolis

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  • FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

    Aurelius Demostratos Damas of Sardis – superstar! – locations of victories

    2x Olympia

    2x Puteoli

    3x Nemea

    3x Argos Aspis

    3x Rome

    3x Nikopolis

    3x Pergamon

    3x Rhodes

    4x Naples

    4x Sardis

    4x Alexandria

    4x Pythia

    5x Isthmia

    6x Smyrna

    9x Ephesos

    10x Athens

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  • FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

    Aurelius Demostratos Damas of Sardis - everyone loves him! – international citizenship

    Alexandria

    Antinoopolis

    Argos

    Athens

    Corinth

    Delphi

    Ephesos

    Elis

    Sardis (patris)

    Lakedaimon

    Miletos

    Naples

    Nikomedia

    Pergamon

    Pinara

    Smyrna

    Tralles

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  • FESTIVAL NETWORKS IN THE HELLENISTIC WORLD

    Network agents #3 – Associations of artists Associations with HQ in the great Hellenistic centers

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    Network agents #3 – associations and their links

    Athens

    Kappadokia

    Thessaly

    Boeotia

    Phokis

    Isthmia -

    Nemea

    Lokris

    Delphi

    Chalkedon

    Chalkis

    Olympia

    Delos

    Alexandria

    Ptolemais

    Cyprus

    Ionia -

    Hellespont Teos

    Magnesia on the Maeander

    Elaia

    Aetolian League

    Antiochos III Seleukeia - Tigris

    Samothrake

    Kos

    Pergamon

    Argos

    Amphictyonic League

    Salamis Paphos

    S. Italy -

    Sicily

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