Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson...

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Transcript of Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson...

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Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. The structure of a long bone (humerus). (a) Anterior view with longitudinal section cut away. Figure 1 Slide 2 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.2a The structure of a long bone (humerus). (a) Anterior view with longitudinal section cut away at the proximal end. Proximal epiphysis Articular cartilage Epiphyseal line Spongy bone Periosteum Compact bone Medullary cavity Diaphysis Distal epiphysis (a) Slide 3 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. The structure of a long bone (humerus). Pie shaped 3D view. Figure 2 Slide 4 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.2b The structure of a long bone (humerus). (b) Pie-shaped, three-dimensional view of spongy bone and compact bone of the epiphysis. Spongy bone Compact bone Articular cartilage (b) Slide 5 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. The structure of a long bone (humerus). Cross section of the shaft (diaphysis). Figure 3 Slide 6 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.2c The structure of a long bone (humerus). (c) Cross section of the shaft (diaphysis). Yellow bone marrow Endosteum Compact bone Periosteum Perforating fibers Nutrient arteries (c) Slide 7 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Microscopic structure of compact bone. Figure 4 Slide 8 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.3a Microscopic structure of compact bone. (a). Perforating fibers Compact bone Periosteal blood vessel Periosteum Blood vessel Central (Haversian) canal Spongy bone Blood vessel continues into medullary cavity containing marrow Osteon (Haversian system) Lamellae Perforating (Volkmanns) canal (a) Slide 9 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Microscopic structure of compact bone. Highly magnified Figure 5 Slide 10 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.3b Microscopic structure of compact bone. (b). Central (Haversian) canal Canaliculus Lacuna Lamella Osteocyte (b) Slide 11 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. The human skeleton. (a) Anterior view. Figure 6 (a) Anterior view Slide 12 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.6a The human skeleton. (a) Anterior view. Skull Thoracic cage (ribs and sternum) Facial bones Cranium Sacrum Vertebral column Clavicle Scapula Sternum Rib Humerus Vertebra Radius Ulna Carpals Phalanges Metacarpals Femur Patella Tibia Fibula Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges (a) Anterior view