Ergonomics Greek - Ergon – Work Nomoi – Natural Laws

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Transcript of Ergonomics Greek - Ergon – Work Nomoi – Natural Laws

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Ergonomics Greek - Ergon Work Nomoi Natural Laws Slide 2 What is Ergonomics? Ergonomics: a discipline that involves arranging the environment to fit the person in it. When applied correctly to the work environment, visual and musculoskeletal discomfort and fatigue are reduced significantly. Slide 3 Repetitive Stress Injuries Are injuries that result from excessive and repeated physical stress on the musculoskeletal system Hands Wrists Elbows Shoulders Neck Back Slide 4 Topics General Concepts Posture Chair and seating Features Adjustments Monitor Keyboard and mouse Slide 5 General Ergonomic Concepts Change Posture throughout the day. Ensure adequate under desk clearance. Slide 6 Avoid office clutter. Light reflects off monitors, causing glare and eye fatigue. General Ergonomic Concepts Slide 7 Avoid reaching. Keep your tools within a comfortable reach envelope. General Ergonomic Concepts Slide 8 Forearms held horizontally at about a right angle at the elbow, shoulders relaxed Wrists in a neutral (straight) posture Backrest supporting lower back, pelvis and natural curve of spine Thighs resting horizontally Feet fully supported by the floor/footrest. Posture Slide 9 Sitting upright or forward Not changing position Main issues Slide 10 Chairs and Seating Global 4430 There is no one perfect chair that fits all people. Neutral Posture 8000 Series Slide 11 Body types, sizes, disabilities and personal preferences all affect the choice of a chair. Wide array of ergonomic chairs Differ in the types of adjustments, how the adjustments are made, and how the chair is constructed Cost is the primary factor in determining chair selection - can exceed $1,000 for a good ergonomic chair Chairs and Seating Slide 12 Right side controlsLeft side controls Controls Slide 13 Chair Anatomy 5-legged base with Casters Slide 14 Back Considerations Size (High, Mid, Low) Contour Support Slide 15 Slide 16 Back Height Adjustment Slide 17 Adjust the height of the back of the chair to provide support to your lower back. Slide 18 Back Angle Slide 19 Adjust the angle of the back of the chair to give you comfortable support. Slide 20 Tilt Slide 21 Slide 22 Occasionally tilt the chair forwards or backwards to relieve pressure on the underside of your thighs. Slide 23 Seat Pan Height Pneumatic cylinder Slide 24 BELOW KNEECAP Stand in front of the chair and adjust the height of the seat so that it is below your kneecap. Slide 25 Use a footrest if your feet cannot rest flat on the floor or if there is pressure underneath your thighs. Slide 26 Seat Pan Contour Width Depth Front Edge Construction Slide 27 Seat Pan Depth Seat Pan set back Seat Pan set forward Slide 28 Sit so that there is a width of 2 -3 fingers between the front of the seat pan and the back of your leg. Slide 29 Armrests Should they be used? Ease of removal Range of height adjustment Range of pivot adjustment Covering material Padding Slide 30 When typing, elbows are held at a 90 - 100 angle. Armrests can support the arm and relieve shoulder and other stresses. Slide 31 Armrest Height Slide 32 Range of forward adjustment Range of height adjustment Can it be removed? Headrest Slide 33 Workstation Relationship Slide 34 Monitor screen should be set where top line of text is at eye level Dont use several colors at one time. Use extreme contrasts, ie) blue and red, as eyes wont tire as quickly. Blue shouldnt be used for small letters or numbers. Eyes cant easily on small blue print. Dont use yellow or green causes a vibrating effect. Monitor Slide 35 Keyboard and Mouse Keyboard at a height where wrists are straight when fingers are on middle row of keys (if palms or wrists bend or drop when typing, a palm or wrist support may be needed to be used during rests from keying) Slide 36 Arrange phone, reference books, pens, documents and materials used often in primary work zone (area within 12 inches of you) to minimize reaching. Items occasionally used should go into secondary zone (area 12-20 inches from you) Workstation arrangement Slide 37 Consider type of activities pursued in leisure time and whether it adds to or combats cumulative effect of work. Eg: Exercise and activity that loosen the shoulder and neck muscles reduce effect of computer work. Activities such as knitting or playing computer games can add to neck and shoulder stiffness Leisure Time