Environmental Impact Assessment Report for the Foshan ... ... Environmental Assessment Report of...

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  • E1399 v7

    World Bank Financed Project - Guangdong Pearl River Delta Urban

    Environment Project (II)

    Environmental Impact Assessment Report for

    the Foshan Nanzhuang Sludge Treatment

    Plant Project

    PIU: Foshan Water Group Co. Ltd.

    EIA Institute: Guangzhou Research Institute of Environmental Protection

    Apr. 2011

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    Contents 

    1.  INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................................... 1 

    1.1.  PROJECT BACKGROUND........................................................................................................................... 1 

    1.2.  PURPOSE OF THE ASSESSMENT................................................................................................................ 4 

    1.3.  ASSESSMENT CRITERIA ........................................................................................................................... 4 

    1.4.  EVALUATION FACTORS........................................................................................................................... 8 

    1.5.  ASSESSMENT GRADE............................................................................................................................... 9 

    1.6.  FOCUS OF THE ASSESSMENT.................................................................................................................. 12 

    1.7.  ASSESSMENT SCOPE.............................................................................................................................. 12 

    1.8.  ENVIRONMENTAL FUNCTION ZONE OF THE ASSESSMENT SCOPE AND APPLICABLE STANDARDS.......... 15 

    1.9.  APPLICABLE STANDARDS USED IN ASSESSMENT................................................................................... 20 

    1.10.  ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AREAS OF CONCERN...................................................................... 22 

    1.11.  SURROUNDING STATUS OF SELECTED PLANT SITES AND CURRENT LAND USAGE SITUATION AND

    PLANNING23 

    2.  PROJECT DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF POLLUTION FACTORS................................... 27 

    2.1.  EXISTING WWTP AND CURRENT SLUDGE DISPOSAL PRACTICE........................................................... 27 

    2.2.  SUMMARY OF THE SLUDGE DEWATERING PROJECT............................................................................... 34 

    2.3.  ADVANCED SLUDGE DEWATERING PROJECT ANALYSIS........................................................................ 35 

    2.4.  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT FACTOR....................................................................................................... 61 

    3.  ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES......................................................................................................... 75 

    3.1.  ANALYSIS OF FINAL SLUDGE DISPOSAL ALTERNATIVE......................................................................... 75 

    3.2.  ALTERNATIVE ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................................... 87 

    4.  LEGALITY AND RATIONALITY� ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT ............................................. 92 

    4.1.  LEGALITY ANALYSIS OF PROJECT......................................................................................................... 92 

    4.2.  COMPLIANCE ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRIAL POLICY .................................................................................. 95 

    4.3.  COMPLIANCE ANALYSIS OF PROJECT WITH CORRESPONDING PLANNING .............................................. 96 

    4.4.  ANALYSIS OF COMPLIANCE OF PROJECT WITH ENVIRONMENT FUNCTIONAL ZONING........................... 98 

    4.5.  ENVIRONMENTAL FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF PROJECT SITE SELECTION............................................... 99 

    4.6.  NECESSITY AND RATIONALITY ANALYSIS OF PROJECT....................................................................... 102 

    4.7.  CONCLUSION....................................................................................................................................... 105 

    5.  REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS AND DUE DILIGENCE............................................ 106 

    5.1.  THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT SITUATION................................................ 106 

    5.2.  DUE DILIGENCE................................................................................................................................... 113 

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    6.  ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE ASSESSMENT ............................................................................. 131 

    6.1.  WATER ENVIRONMENT STATUS MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT....................................................... 131 

    6.2.  AMBIENT AIR QUALITY BASELINE MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT................................................... 139 

    6.3.  ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY BASELINE MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT............................ 146 

    7.  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT PROJECTION AND ASSESSMENT DURING OPERATION

    PERIOD ............................................................................................................................................................. 149 

    7.1.  AMBIENT AIR QUALITY IMPACT ANALYSIS......................................................................................... 149 

    7.2.  WATER ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ANALYSIS ......................................................................................... 165 

    7.3.  ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENT IMPACT PROJECTION AND ASSESSMENT.................................................... 167 

    7.4.  SOLID WASTE IMPACT ANALYSIS........................................................................................................ 170 

    7.5.  TRANSPORTATION IMPACT ANALYSIS ................................................................................................. 175 

    8.  ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT DURING CONSTRUCTION............................... 179 

    8.1.  ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS ON AIR QUALITY DURING CONSTRUCTION........................ 179 

    8.2.  ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS ON AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT DURING CONSTRUCTION...... 181 

    8.3.  ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS OF NOISE DURING CONSTRUCTION.................................... 182 

    8.4.  ANALYSIS OF IMPACTS OF SOLID WASTE DURING CONSTRUCTION..................................................... 185 

    9.  ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ANALYSIS.............................................................................................. 187 

    9.1.  ENVIRONMENTAL RISK IDENTIFICATION ............................................................................................. 187 

    9.2.  IMPACT ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ACCIDENT................................................................... 188 

    9.3.  PREVENTION AND EMERGENCY MEASURES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ACCIDENT........................... 191 

    9.4.  EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN OF ENVIRONMENTAL RISK................................................................... 192 

    10.  ANALYSIS OF MITIGATION MEASURES AND TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC

    FEASIBILITY ................................................................................................................................................... 201 

    10.1.  ANALYSIS OF AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION MEASURES AND TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC

    FEASIBILITY .................................................................................................................................................... 201 

    10.2.  ANALYSIS OF WATER POLLUTION PREVENTION MEASURES AND TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC

    FEASIBILITY .................................................................................................................................................... 204 

    10.3.  ANALYSIS OF NOISE POLLUTION PREVENTION MEASURES AND TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC

    FEASIBILITY .................................................................................................................................................... 208 

    10.4.  ANALYSIS OF SOLID WASTE POLLUTION PREVENTION MEASURES AND TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC

    FEASIBILITY .................................................................................................................................................... 209 

    10.5.  MITIGATION MEASURES FOR TRANSPORTATION ROUTES.............................................................. 212 

    10.6.  ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS AND COUNTERMEASURES DURING OPERATION....................................... 213 

    10.7.  SUMMARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MEASURES............................................................. 213 

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    11.  PUBLIC CONSULTATION ................................................................................................................. 219 

    11.1.  PUBLIC CONSULTATION PROCEDURE......................................................