Entrepreneurship from a regional market perspective

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  1. 1. Exploring EntrepreneurshipExploring Entrepreneurship for Your Regionfor Your Region
  2. 2. Reflecting on the Previous Sessions What characteristics of the region led to your interest in cultivating entrepreneurship as an economic development strategy? What regional clusters do you hope to advance with entrepreneurship development?
  3. 3. Goal for this Session Explore the tools and resources necessary to develop an action plan to enhance regional entrepreneurship development
  4. 4. Entrepreneurship should not be the economic development strategy of last resort. FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED FAILED
  5. 5. The Three-Legged Stool
  6. 6. A Few Definitions Entrepreneur: Person whose goal is to create or capitalize on new economic opportunities through innovation Entrepreneurship: Process through which entrepreneurs create and grow enterprises Entrepreneurial Community: Community where significant economic and social entrepreneurial activity exists within an effective system of public and private support Entrepreneurship Development: Policies and practices (public and private) that foster entrepreneurship Source: Based on Dabson and Wilcox (2012)
  7. 7. Identifying Entrepreneurs Small businesses Self- employed People with underused talent Social entrepreneurs Unemployed Innovators High-growth businesses Entrepreneurship Youth
  8. 8. Collective Visioning What might be possible in your region related to entrepreneurship? What can build on past or current accomplishments within the region?
  9. 9. Key Questions Serve local needs or export? Recruit from outside or grow locally? Fast growing or slow and steady?
  10. 10. Assessing Regional Capacity Community surveys: Inventory existing programs Gauge community readiness Weigh leadership support Identify existing business networks Inventory existing businesses Interviews with local entrepreneurs: Assess ambitions and needs Identify regional barriers
  11. 11. Challenges with Finding Data Navigating complex databases Using consistent definitions of entrepreneur Comparing data across sources Geography
  12. 12. Measuring Current Entrepreneurship Regional Economic Accounts (Bureau of Economic Analysis) Non-employer Statistics (Census) County Business Patterns (Census) Survey of Business Owners (Census) Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics
  13. 13. Cultivating New Entrepreneurs Educational attainment Immigration and diversity Financial resources Business resources
  14. 14. An Example from Tennessee
  15. 15. Where we are: Do gaps or unmet needs exist in self-employed/small businesses in our region? Where we are going: What do we hope to accomplish for our region? Establishing a Regional Goal
  16. 16. Entrepreneur & Small Business Development
  17. 17. Access to Capital Investment is a given for success Different sources fit different needs Regional approach may have new opportunities
  18. 18. Supportive Environment Human, financial, and physical infrastructure Supportive climate that engages and celebrates entrepreneurs Positive citizen and community attitudes Open and creative community leadership that encourages and nurtures emerging leaders Source: Markley et al (2005)
  19. 19. How Nurturing is Your Region? Conception Implementation Marketing Idea generation Project planning Development Prototype creation Testing Production Launch Business Process Regional Capacity R&D centers Universities Industrial parks Capital availability Community support Education Technical assistance Three Phases of Innovation Source: Tawari, Buse and Herstatt, 2007
  20. 20. Entrepreneur Networks Informal gatherings of entrepreneurs to share experiences and information Facilitate, but dont lead Networks should be by and for entrepreneurs 20
  21. 21. Mentoring and Coaching Connecting entrepreneurs with the right people at the right time
  22. 22. Training & Technical Assistance National eXtension Community of Practice Small Business Administration Small Business Development Centers State/Local State/Local Economic Development Agencies Business Incubators/Accelerators Microbusiness Development Organizations University Small Business Colleges Cashing in on Business
  23. 23. Youth Entrepreneurship Why it is important? Filling the pipeline with potential businesses Creating a culture that values self- employment Fostering innovation What can be done? In-school programs After-school programs 4-H, Girl Scouts/Boy Scouts, etc.
  24. 24. Programs, Models, Resources Economic Gardening Innovation Centers Incubators Networks/Clubs Entrepreneurial League System http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CysIVyskQZI&feature=related
  25. 25. Balancing Available Assets Asset mapping can help you identify under utilized assets within your region Equally important is identifying those assets which may be at or over capacity
  26. 26. Regions Success Components Component of Success People Volunteer Associations Institutions Physical Resources Barriers Access to Capital Environment Networks, Mentors, Coaches Training & Technical Assistance Youth
  27. 27. Your Regions Capacity for Innovation What are your regions most competitive assets? What assets can help launch new ideas and innovations? What resources does your region offer to foster innovation?
  28. 28. Audience Matters! Who are your target entrepreneurs? What do they need from you? Which resources will be most valuable to your region?
  29. 29. Drafting Your Regional Action Plan Good plans shape good decisions. That's why good planning helps to make elusive dreams come true. Lester Robert Bittel
  30. 30. Summary Success in economic development strategies does not happen overnight Other communities are having success Success requires time and energy from the entire region