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Transcript of ENERGY EFFICIENCY - unece. a) Energy efficiency in oil pipeline transport, b) Improving energy...

  • ENERGY EFFICIENCY

    "Energy efficiency and industrial development as

    inseparable partners in the perspective of national

    economic growth"

    Dipl. oec. Zlatko Pavičić, ing

    International conference “Economic Aspects of the Energy efficiency of EU countries” Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University R.E. Alekseeva

    8.-11.7.2019 Ни́жний Но ́вгород, RUSSIA1

  • NATIONAL PROGRAM ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY DEFFINED BY

    EU DIRECTIVES 2012/27/EU; 2010/30/EU; 2009/125/EZ; 2009/28/EC;

    2006/32/EU transposed into NATIONAL LEGISTLATIVE and EU Regulations :

    • Energy Law

    • Law on energy efficiency + National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

    • Electricity Market Law

    • Law on the Heat Energy Market

    • Law on Building Construction

    • Gas Market Law

    • Oil and Petroleum Market Law

    • Law on Biofuels for Transportation

    • Law on Renewable Energy Sources and Highly Effective Cogeneration

    • National Action Plan for Renewable Energy Sources by 2020.

    • Regulation to encourage the production of electricity from renewable

    energy sources and cogeneration

    • Methodology for determining origin of electricity

    • ……………….

    REGULATIONS

  • 3rd & 4th NATIONAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN

    Policy measures on the implementation of Energy Efficiency

    EU Directives

    Goals & measures:

    1. Energy Efficiency Measures in Buildings

    2. Energy Efficiency in the Public Sector

    3. Energy efficiency measures in industry

    4. Mjere energetske učinkovitosti u prometu

    5. Promoting of efficient heating and cooling (Article 14. DEU)

    6. Transforming, transferring and distributing energy and

    responding to demand

  • Main measures to increase energy efficiency in the industry

    A. Industrial Energy Efficiency Network (IEEN), 2008 – 2025. The executive body; Croatian Chamber of Commerce - implementation in cooperation with the NCP

    a) Promoting energy efficiency in the economy

    b) To improve the awareness and knowledge of leadership of

    economic enterprises and employees,

    c) Promotion of measures to increase energy efficiency in the

    industry,

    d) Promotion of best practices and encouraging excellence,

    e) Information and education of business subjects and the

    preparation of manuals

    f) Recording consumption: Overview of consumption and

    energy consumption by industrial branches

    g) Proposed appropriate energy efficiency measures for each

    industrial branch and implementation plan

    h) Monitoring program implementation and results

    EE IN INDUSTRY - MEASURES

  • B. High-efficiency cogeneration; 2007 – 2016. Executive body: HROTE, Ministry of Economy, HERA

    a) Production of heat and electricity in industrial plants,

    b) Adoption of appropriate regulations to encourage the

    production of heat from cogeneration,

    c) Development the program of utilizing potentials for

    efficiency in heating and cooling.

    C. The introduction of efficient electric drives; 2011 – 2016. 90% of the electricity in industry consumes electric drives Executive body: EIHP, HEP, ESCO companies - implementation of measures Fund - co-financing of energy audits and certification; Commercial banks

    a) Installation of high performance electric motors,

    b) Introducing speed control by frequency and / or amplitude

    where it is useful,

    c) Achieving energy savings on account of the correct use of

    certain elements of an already existing electromotor drive.

    d) Reducing the installed power,

    e) A good part of older electric motors that are in operation

    are oversized.

    EE IN INDUSTRY - MEASURES

  • D. Energy audits of SMEs; 2014 – 2016. Target: Owners and users of SME buildings; Executive body: Fund;

    a) Provide financial support to SMEs to initiate and implement

    activities to improve energy efficiency,

    b) Conducting high quality energy reviews and continuous

    energy management,

    c) Introduction of international standards such as ISO50001,

    d) Financial support,

    e) Educational support cover

    ▪ The introduction of energy management systems

    ▪ Energy Audit

    ▪ Energy Efficiency Improvement Projects

    EE IN INDUSTRY - MEASURES

  • E. Increasing energy efficiency and using the RES in manufacturing

    industries, 2017 – 2023. The Executive Body of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy and the Fund

    a)Energy savings are achieved by increasing the efficiency of

    energy use in manufacturing industries,

    b)Development of renewable energy infrastructure in industrial

    production,

    c) Conducted an energy audit for SMEs,

    d)Co-financing via the Fund will encourage the introduction of

    management systems (management) energy in accordance

    with the standard EN ISO50001 in enterprises and crafts,

    e) Development of renewable energy infrastructure in industrial

    production, such as: built-in solar collectors, heat pumps, highly

    efficient generating, switch to more efficient fuels with less

    environmental impact.

    EE IN INDUSTRY - MEASURES

  • F. Special measures in the industry are also run by companies that

    produce energy and energy products, 2013 – 2030.

    a) Energy efficiency in oil pipeline transport,

    b) Improving energy efficiency in oil exploration and production,

    c) Improving energy efficiency in oil refining,

    d) Replacement and reconstruction of hot water and drainage

    networks,

    e) Measures related to running power plant operation and short-

    term and long-term development of the transmission network,

    f) Decrease of losses in the distribution grid,

    g) Improving efficiency by reducing own consumption in hydro

    power plants (HE), thermoelectric power plants (TE) and

    thermoelectric power plants (TE-TOs),

    h) Improvement of efficiency through the revitalization of existing

    hydro power plants,

    i) Program "Reduction of specific heat consumption of turbine 210

    MW TE PLOMIN"

    Installation of new measuring systems for temperature and

    energy losses

    EE IN INDUSTRY - MEASURES

  • Compulsory parts of the Final report on conducted energy audit of

    large companies

    • Analysis of the existing state of the building and all the energy

    systems of a large companies,

    • Analysis of transport if the company uses 50 or more registered

    vehicles or if the power of is greater than 3000 kW,

    • Energy and energy consumption analysis and analysis of

    energy efficiency,

    • Flow diagram of energy, water and waste tretmant,

    • Report on conducted measurements,

    • Analysis of the possibility of connection to the distribution

    network of the central and closed thermal system and the

    centralized cooling system,

    • Conclusion with recommendations of measures to increase

    energy efficiency

    AUDIT

  • Table: Total Primary Energy Supply

    2009. 2010. 2011. 2012. 2013. 2014. 2014./13. 2009.-14. PJ %

    Coal and coke 24,66 30,92 31,66 28,37 32,18 31,59 - 1,8 5,1

    Biomass 48,93 52,29 51,50 52,10 51,67 45,82 - 11,3 1,3

    Liquid Fuels 178,04 152,54 149,30 134,17 128,37 125,80 - 2,0 - 6,7

    Natural Gas 102,15 111,37 108,60 101,78 95,54 84,62 - 11,4 - 3,7

    Hydro Power 72,32 87,24 47,58 47,32 84,92 88,99 4,8 4,2

    Electricity 18,01 14,28 25,76 26,75 13,93 14,23 2,2 - 4,6

    Heat 0,54 0,63 0,61 0,62 0,63 0,53 - 15,9 - 0,5

    Renewables 1,39 2,24 2,83 5,72 7,80 10,64 36,4 50,2

    TOTAL 446,05 451,50 417,84 396,84 415,04 402,22 - 3,1 - 2,0

  • Disadvantages of the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

    with regard to energy efficiency in industry

    1. Plan represents static instead of a dynamic approach to

    energy efficiency

    2. Plan promotes savings instead of energy efficiency

    processes

    3. Insufficiently promotes industrial development towards the

    low-carbon economy

    4. There are no goals and incentives for the development of

    new products and processes that contribute to energy

    efficiency and environmental protection

    5. Energy efficiency in construction is superior to industry,

    although long term results will be achieved through new

    industrial materials, products and processes

  • NATIONAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN

    MUST BE ESTABLISHED AS A STRATEGY PLAN

    FOR THE NEW DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL

    INDUSTRY WITH A VIEW TO LOW-CARBON

    ECONOMY

  • 1. R&D – continuous investment

    2. EFFICIENCY – Energy, Materials, Fuel, Time, Methods & Processes