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    Vajrayana

    [show]Part of a series on

    Tibetan Buddhism

    Japanese

    Buddhism

    SchoolsHosso Kegon Ritsu

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Vajrayna Buddhism (Devanagari: ; Oriya Tibetan: , rdo rje theg pa; Mongolian: , Ochirt Hlgn) is alsoknown as Tantric Buddhism, Tantrayna, Mantrayna, Secret

    Mantra, Esoteric Buddhism and the Diamond Vehicle. Vajrayana is a

    complex and multifaceted system of Buddhist thought and practice

    which evolved over several centuries. [1]

    According to Vajrayana scriptures Vajrayana refers to one of three

    vehicles or routes to enlightenment, the other two being the Hinayana

    and Mahayana.

    Its main scriptures are called Tantras.[1] A distinctive feature of Vajrayana

    Buddhism is ritual, which are Skillful Means (Upaya). They are being used as

    a substitute or alternative for the earlier abstract meditations.[2][3]

    Contents [hide]1 His tory of Vajrayana

    1.1 India

    1.1.1 Mythological origins

    1.1.2 Historical origins

    1.1.2.1 Mantrayana and Vajrayana

    1.1.2.2 Sahajayana and Kalachakrayana

    1.1.3 Despised classes

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    Tendai Shingon Pure Land

    Zen Nichiren

    FoundersSaich Kkai Hnen

    Shinran Dgen Eisai Ingen

    Nichiren

    Sacred textsAvatasaka Stra

    Lotus Stra Prajpramit Heart Stra

    Infinite Life Stra Mahvairocana Stra Vajraekhara Stra

    Glossary of

    Japanese Buddhism

    V T E

    1.2 China

    1.3 Tibet and other Himalayan kingdoms

    1.4 Japan

    1.5 Indonesian Archipelago

    1.6 Mongolia

    2 Schools of Vajrayana

    2.1 Tibetan Buddhism

    2.2 Nepalese Newar Buddhism

    2.3 Chinese Esoteric Buddhism

    2.4 Japan

    2.4.1 Shingon Buddhism

    2.4.2 Tendai Buddhis m

    2.4.3 Shugend

    3 Place within Buddhis t tradition

    3.1 Third turning of the wheel

    3.2 Sutrayana and Vajrayana

    3.3 Paramitayana and Vajrayana

    4 Philosophical background

    4.1 Two Truths Doctrine

    5 Characteristics of Vajrayana

    5.1 Goal

    5.2 Motivation

    5.3 Ritual5.4 Upaya

    5.5 Esoteric transm iss ion

    5.6 Vows and behaviour

    6 Tantra techniques

    6.1 Class ifications of tantra

    6.1.1 Fourfold division

    6.1.2 Outer and Inner Tantras

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