En Powering

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    Symposium

    on

    Public Understanding of Science and Technology(PUSAT 2008)

    Empowering Future Generations

    with Science and Technology

    2-3 August 2008

    Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

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    Science Centers:Impact, Learning, Skills

    YM Tengku Nasariah Ibrahim

    &

    En. Kamaruddin Kassim

    PetrosainsThe Discovery Center

    Suria KLCC

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    Our Headquarters is at

    Suria KLCC

    PETRONAS Twin Towers

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    PETROSAINS

    Our Vision:A world class science discovery centre that inspires fun-learning, creativity

    and innovation

    Brand Promise:Creating wonder through discovery and learning

    Building future talents through the science of energy

    Our Approach:We try to create holistic environments for engaging audiences and making

    them feel safe and supported to observe, play, explore, investigate,

    experiment, create, contemplate, discuss, debate, INQUIRE

    and WONDER into or about the natural and human-made world

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    Some basic facts about Petrosains

    100% owned by PETRONAS(national petroleum corporation of

    Malaysia)

    Opened to public 25 March 1999

    70,000 square feet of exhibitionarea

    Manned by about 200 staff for

    Science Centre (including 2 Gift

    Shops), Travelling Exhibition and

    PETRONAS Twin TowersSkybridge visitation management

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    Geographically today

    TRAVELING

    EXHIBITION

    (since 2001)

    TRAVELING

    EXHIBITION

    (since 2004)

    Langkawi

    BKE

    Johor Bahru

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    Petrosains KLCCMain exhibtion center: 70,000 sq ft of exhibition > 300 interactive exhibits 300,000 visitors per year.

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    Traveling Exhibition...

    1. PETRONAS StreetSmart The exhibition behind the science of road safety

    We want to start from young(melentur buluh biarlah dari rebung)

    PETRONAS StreetSmart in Sabah

    Centre Point Kota Kinabalu

    (April 2003)Dewan Masyarakat Sandakan

    (February 2005)

    Dewan Masyarakat Tawau

    (April 2007)

    Dewan Masyarakat Lahad Datu

    (May 2007)Dewan Masyarakat Damai, Kota Kinabalu

    (June 2007)

    Dewan Tun Mustapha, Kudat

    (September 2007)

    Dewan Pa Musa Tapak Tamu, Beaufort

    (December 2007)

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    1. PETRONAS StreetSmartIt is in response to an identified national need for a greater

    awereness about road safety.Example of how Science Center is serving a social need and

    presenting the information through the lens of science.

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    2. Petrosains DinoTrek

    An interactive science exhibition that explores dinosaurs and

    prehistoric life

    Place where children and families share the joy of discoveryand practise science process skills

    Petrosains DinoTrek at Sabah

    Dewan Foo Chow, Kota Kinabalu Mac-June 2006

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    Lao Tze

    If you tell me, I will listen

    If you show me, I will see

    If you let me experience, I will learn

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    EFFICIENCY OF LEARNING

    Approximate content learned from different activities

    Reading 10%

    Hearing 20%

    Seeing 30%

    Hearing and seeing 50%

    Discussion with others 70%

    Direct experience or smart play 80%*

    Teaching others 95%

    * Science Centres operate in a zone of optimal learning efficiency

    Source: Agastya Foundation, India

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    Impact: What We KnowScience centre researchers / evaluators worldwidehave generally agreed that science centers andmuseums impact our audiences in the followingareas:

    knowledge

    engagement

    attitude

    behavior skills

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    Knowledge

    Things that our audiences consciously know Includes knowledge, awareness, and/or

    understanding that can be expressed by

    learners in theirwords or images during,

    immediately and long after their experience We help audiences understand a Science,

    Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM)

    related topic, principle or theory, the history orphilosophy of science, or science as aprocess

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    Engagement

    Captures the excitement and involvement oflearners in a topic, area or aspect of science

    Key assumption of the science centre field is

    that we engage

    Range of common affective experiences

    include joy, delight, awe, wonder(our new

    brand promise!), appreciation, surprise,

    inspiration, etc. as well as a range of possiblenegative emotions (intended and unintended)

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    Attitude

    Goes beyond engagement in activities andexhibits to encompass longer-termstances that audiences take towardsgroups, issues, or topics e.g. the

    environment, their thoughts and feelingsabout science or scientists, engineers, etc.

    May involve changes of mindset or

    opinion, e.g. no longer think that scienceor a particular topic is boring

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    Behavior

    Involves changes to audiences long-termbehaviors, in their lives, beyond the exhibit,facilitated experience or program

    Behavior is often the targeted impact for exhibits

    or programs on the environment May lead to furthercuriosity, investigationabout particular topics, or changes of habits,such as conservation and/or increased

    commitment to environmental stewardship (e.g.buying high efficiency light bulbs, etc.)

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    Skills Targets theprocedural aspects of knowing, as

    opposed to declarative aspects captured by theknowledge category

    Reinforces science process skills throughpractice and rehearsal, esp. in social context

    In science centers and their outreach satellitesand activities, skills are learnt or enhanced byobserving, mimicking and jointly participatingwith more experience family members, school

    mates or other participants

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    Science Process Skills and School Curriculum

    Observing

    ClassifyingMeasuring and Using NumberMaking inferencesPredictingCommunicatingUsing space and time relationInterpreting informationDefining operationallyControlling variables

    Making hypothesisExperimenting

    (Skills: To be addressed by En. Kamaruddin)

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    Learning

    Learning DimensionsAs recommended by renowned science centerresearcher Dr. David Anderson, Petrosains ServiceProvider Index (SPI) Survey is structured to align the

    feedback from respondents regarding their learningexperience against the five learning dimensions.Dimensions that we measure are:

    Cognitive

    Appreciation

    Social

    Affective

    Motivation

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    Learning Dimensions Cognitive:

    Are learners able to make sense of the learning at hand with clarity and

    understanding?

    Appreciation:Did learners recognise the potential value of their learning experience?Has the learning experience been positive and acknowledged?

    Social:Did learners interact and engage with others during their learning?Is the learning experience shared?

    Affective:Are learners engaged and involved?Did visitors have a positive and memorable experience?

    Motivation:Are learners encouraged to further explore?Did they feel keen to further engage?

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    Montage of Petrosains

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    Petrosains Process Skills

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    Observation

    Plasma Tube

    beautiful just to watch

    it go through itspaces and react to

    visitors and

    facilitators touch

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    Observation

    Step Into Infinity notice the multiple images of yourself on

    either side of you, as well as above you!

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    Observation

    Examine These Fossils look closely, there is a lot to see here!

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    ObservationReal Image

    dont just look from one angle, you may misssomething!

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    QuestioningPlasma Tube

    What is that funny purplish-white worm of lightin the tube? What is creating it and what makes it respond to

    peoples touch?

    What does plasma have to do with it?

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    QuestioningColored Shadows

    What is causing the colored shadows?

    Why these particular colors?

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    Questioning

    Sliding Magnets

    Why does the ring

    with the gap in it

    pass by themagnets more

    quickly?

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    QuestioningPolarization of Light

    What is the relationship between the angle

    of the Perspex pieces and the colors they

    appear to be?

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    Predicting

    Resonant Rings

    After playing with

    this for while, I

    can predict which

    frequencies will

    make which rings

    bounce!

  • 8/