EMOTIONS Emotion is a relatively brief reaction to stimuli involving subjective feelings,...

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Transcript of EMOTIONS Emotion is a relatively brief reaction to stimuli involving subjective feelings,...

  • EMOTIONSEmotion is a relatively brief reaction to stimuli involving subjective feelings, physiological arousal, and observable behavior.

  • Motivation & EmotionMotivation is the source of our behavior. Emotion is the feelings associated with our behavior.Emotions can function as motivationHit someone because you are angryDo something because it makes you happy

  • The Brain and Emotionhttp://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/introduction-to-emotions.html#lesson

  • Functions of EmotionIncrease, decrease or regulate arousalFocus perception and attentionInfluence learning & memory Organize and motivate behaviorCommunicate with others

  • Four Components of EmotionInterpret, appraise some stimulus (ex. Shark = serious threat)

    Experience a feeling (fear, terror, excitement)

    Physiological response (heart rate or breathing change)

    Show observable behaviors (cry, panic, freeze)

  • Theories Of Emotion Physiological TheoriesCognitive Theories

  • Physiological Theories of EmotionMain Belief Emotions derive from physical changes in the bodyEX = fear heightened when heart races (panic attack)

  • Emotion and Physiology

  • Main Belief Emotions result from mental processes and physiological changes working togetherCognitive Theories of Emotion

  • James-LangeTheory of Emotion= I see a bear, my muscles tense, I feel afraid!

    Experience of emotion is awareness of physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli (react and then label)

  • Cannon-BardTheory of Emotion = I see a bear, I feel afraid and my muscles tense!Sympathetic NS too slow to account for the speed of emotional reactions = problem with James-Lange.Emotion-arousing stimuli simultaneously trigger:physiological responses subjective experience of emotion

  • Schachters Two-Factor Theory of Emotion = I feel nervous. I must be scared!To experience emotion one must:be physically aroused cognitively label the arousalThen label the feeling

  • Facial Expressions and EmotionFunction = communicate emotion to othersPaul Ekman some facial expressions are universal & few of us (10 20%) can hide true emotionsCommunicate 3 things What emotion is being experiencedWhether 2 emotions are blendedStrength of emotionidentified six emotions associated with universal facial expressions (30 yr study)

  • Culturally Universal ExpressionsA = happinessB = surpriseC = fearD = sadnessE = angerF = disgusthttp://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/categorizing-emotions.html#lesson

  • Expressed EmotionPeople more speedily detect an angry face than a happy one

  • Gender and expressivenessWomen have greater emotional responsivenessUsually better at reading emotionsExpress empathy moreBetter at expressing happiness

  • Experienced EmotionInfants naturally occurring emotions

  • Tony Robbins: Why We Do What We Dohttp://www.ted.com/talks/lang/en/tony_robbins_asks_why_we_do_what_we_do.html

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