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Transcript of Emotions
A general rule for emotion is that you cannot experience more than one at a time.Ex. Feeling stress you cant feel happy. Feeling depress you cant be motivated.
Our perception changes whenever our emotions change.Ex. After watching an action movie, playing violent video games some tend to become aggressive.Emotions affect communications. Ex. You feel scared in horror movie when you see actors feeling scared.
Journal: 2knowmyself , How to become emotionally intelligent?
Emotional Intelligence ability to take right decision even when you are under the effect of a certain emotion.Concern: How a person loses his temper? How a person manages to control it?
Emotional intelligence is all about understanding the real reason behind peoples behavior instead of judging them without thinking.
The first key to emotional intelligence is understanding your actions, emotions and the underlying reasons behind them.Examples.1. The arrogant person might just need affection.
The stubborn person might just be afraid to do something he did not try before.The shopping addict might just be someone who has a self image problem.A bad tempered might be someone who is already hurt.Some people are showy because they lack confidence.Some are arrogant because they believe that nobody will respect him/her if they did not act that way.Some acts superior because they feel inferior.Some are aggressive because they have hidden fear.Some get mad and shout because they are insecure.Some are sarcastic because they have wounded and criticized as children.
I. NATURE AND DEFINITIONS OF EMOTIONS:
A. Meaning of the term:Latin verb emovere which means to stir up, agitates, upset or move.As a stirred up reaction of the entire organism to a stimulus involving physiological, neural and glandular changes.
Emotion is a feeling brought on by real or imagined object or event that is important to you.4 things happen when you experience an emotion
1. You are faced with a stimulus that causes you to react.2. You have a feeling, such as happiness or fear.3. You experience physical responses.4. You display a physical behavior such as smiling or crying.
Emotions have 3 parts
1.Charles Darwin People express Basic FeelingsBasic facial expression are innate, that is inherited as part of our physical makeup.
2. Carroll Izard Identified 10 basic emotional states . Changes in parts of the face:(eyebrows, eyes, mouth)
How do we learn our emotional reactions ?James Averill believed we learn from a. Social Expectationb. Social ConsequencesThus : 1.We learn to experience and express emotions in the company of other people. 2. How others react to our emotional expressions help shape them.
Theories of Emotions:1. James Lange theory of emotions:The person perceives the situation that evokes the emotions; He becomes aware of the emotion; Then he reacts to the emotions.According to William James:1. We perceived2. We react3. We realize
Carl Lange theory James and Carl proposed the same explanation:Emotion is not due to the perceived object and its influence but, When the object is perceived physiological changes occur, then the emotion follow. Therefore: Emotions are the perception of certain changes within the body.
Caroll Izard He believed that the way we experience emotions results from what we feel the muscles in our face is doing.
William B. Cannon Philip Bard theory
The brain sends 2 reaction
1. waking the bodys processes 2. experience emotionOne does not cause the other they occur together.
Opponent Process Theory by Richard Solomon and John CorbitThe sympathetic system prepares the body for action. And parasympathetic systems calms the body. These 2 systems act together to control our emotions.Application: When the stimulus for one emotion is removed, you feel the opposite emotion.
B. Hypothalamic theory of Emotions:Function: The hypothalamus is the control center of the neural activity involved in emotion.According to Walter B. Cannon : Bodily changes alone could not account for the different human feelings.First, the organism perceives a situation to be fearsome.Second, hypothalamus takes over, impulses go out from this control center to the brain and other parts of the body.Hence: We have the awareness of feeling of fear and at the same time the bodily changes and the action of running away are taking place.
C. Activation theory of emotions:D. B. Lindsay _ Emotion is a heightened state of activity of the nervous system, the cerebral cortex. Heightened activity the increased rate of discharge of neural impulses.Sensory feedback from the muscles to the central nervous system increases activation.
Limbic theory of emotion:E. Gelhorn we have a visceral brain that comprises the limbic system composed of variety of neural centers lying in the old area of the cortex and the hypothalamus. Visceral brain is the interpretations of feelings arising from the internal organs of the body.The theory simply explains : While the Cortex is engaged in intellectual interpretation of verbal and related symbols, the limbic system makes interpretations in terms of emotions and feeling that go with the emotional experience.
III. Aspect of Emotions:1. Physiological Changes a. Circulatory system b. Respiratory system c. Secretion of duct and glands 1. General glands 2. Sweat glands d. Involvement of the nervous system e. Facial expression f. Vocal expression
2. Emotional behavior 1. Emotions can act as motive. 2. Emotions can be responses. 3.Personal Emotional Experience
Iv. Classification of Emotions1. Basic vs. DerivedBasic Emotions: fear, anger, love.Derived Emotions: joy , pleasure, delight, affection, happiness are derived from LOVE.Worry, shame, guilt anxiety are derived from FEAR.Jealousy, envy, hate, hostility, annoyance are derived from ANGER.
2. Mild vs. Intense emotionsIntense emotions : anger, fear, jealousy, grief involved great activity in the autonomic nervous system.Mild emotions ; annoyance, worry, affection, disappointment, sadness create merely slight imbalance in the autonomic nervous system. The individual experiences such emotions with less arousal of feelings.
3. Pleasant vs. Unpleasant EmotionsPleasant emotions ; joy, jubilation, enchantment, elation , enjoyment, love, affection, happiness, thrill, excitement, pride, infatuation, sympathy.Unpleasant emotions gloom, sorrow, worry, anxiety, distress, disgust, dissatisfaction, repulsion, shame, guilt, grief, frustrations, embarrassment, envy, jealousy, hostility, hate, antagonism, annoyance, irritation.
4. Positive vs. Negative emotionsIf emotion makes the person happy, satisfied fulfilled we say emotion is positive.If emotion affects the person adversely by making him aggressive, hostile, obnoxious and repulsive we classify emotion as negative.Positive emotion helps the person attain emotional maturity while, negative emotions make him emotionally immature and disagreeable,.
Control of Emotions
1. Awareness of reality (learn to accept reality and learn to adjust.2. Awareness of emotional problems ( learn to face failure and realize failure can be the stepping stone of success.3. Suppression of emotions4. Overcoming bad emotional habits (patience and perseverance)5. Sense of humor ( Mature person is a person who can laugh at his errors and failures.)