Emotion Supernatural Atmosphere Nature Individual Subjectivity Transcendentalism Gothic Romanticism

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Transcript of Emotion Supernatural Atmosphere Nature Individual Subjectivity Transcendentalism Gothic Romanticism



EmotionSupernaturalAtmosphereNatureIndividualSubjectivityTranscendentalismGothicRomanticismAmerican Transcendentalism began in the 1830s and started to die down around 1860Many of the Transcendentalists resided in Concord, MassachusettsThe Transcendental Club was formed in 1835Members included Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David ThoreauThe Dial, a Transcendental magazine, flourished from 1840-1844Transcendentalists believed that through intuition the individual could go beyond everyday experiences and arrive at higher truthsPlaced emphasis on self-reliance Required deep faith in the individualTo Go BeyondTranscendentalists wanted to go beyond the limitations of the senses and everyday experienceI have never seen a man who was quite awake (Thoreau).People do not see the roots of things or get to the heart of the matterHow Do We Go Beyond Everyday Experience?By depending on upon our intuition rather than reason and logicWhat Happens When, by the Use of Intuition, We Go Beyond Everyday Human Experience?People discover higher truths and insightsEmersons Ideas

Emerson was the leader of the TranscendentalistsHe believed in intuition the capacity to know things spontaneously and immediately rather than through our reasoning abilities

Emersons Ideas

God can be found in every aspect of natureGod is good and works through natureEveryone is capable of understanding God through intuitionNature is a reflection of the Divine Spirit

Emersons Ideas

Believed in an Over-Soul (Divine Soul)A large entity that all individual humans were a part ofEverything in the physical world is a reflection of the Divine Soul

Emersons Ideas

His outlook was optimisticEveryone should follow his own pathBelieved that God is good

Characteristics of TranscendentalismEverything in the world, including human beings, is a reflection of the Divine SoulThe physical facts of the natural world are a doorway to the spiritual or ideal worldPeople can use their intuition to behold Gods spirit revealed in nature or in their own soulsSelf-reliance and individualism must outweigh external authority and blind conformity to custom and traditionSpontaneous feelings and intuition are superior to deliberate intellectualism and rationalitySimilarities between Puritanism and TranscendentalismGod could be experienced directly by each individual and did not need to be filtered through external authoritiesBoth valued self-reliance, industriousness, education, and simplicity

Differences between Puritanism and TranscendentalismPuritans looked to the Bible for divine revelation; Transcendentalists looked to NaturePuritans viewed mankind in two groups, the saved and the damned; Transcendentalists believed that all people were connected to a divine force

Born Bad or Good?PuritansSinfulTranscendentalistsGoodEnlightenmentBlank Slate