Emotion and Motivation

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Emotion and Motivation. Vanessa Urbina, Kelly Larsen, Sara Slayden. Pride. What is pride? What are the characteristics of pride? What does pride look like? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k013ww-w0as. What does pride look like?. Head and neck slightly tilted back Expanded posture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Emotion and Motivation

Evolutionary basis for pride

Emotion and Motivation

Vanessa Urbina, Kelly Larsen, Sara SlaydenPride

What is pride?What are the characteristics of pride?What does pride look like?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k013ww-w0as

What does pride look like?Head and neck slightly tilted backExpanded postureSlight smile

Adapted from: Human Emotion; Professor June Gruber, Yale University. June 4,2013Status and PrideCheng, Joey T., Jessica L. Tracy, and Joseph Henrich. "Pride, Personality, and the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Social Status." Evolution and Human Behavior 31.5 (2010): 334-47. Web.Pride, personality, and the evolutionary foundations of human social statusIntroductionUniversal differential social status High social rank correlated with higher inclusive fitnessInfluence, access, resources allocationPride as a psychological mechanism to motivate the individualCheng, Joey T., Jessica L. Tracy, and Joseph Henrich. "Pride, Personality, and the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Social Status." Evolution and Human Behavior 31.5 (2010): 334-47. HypothesisResearch shows 2 types of pride and 2 types of status.Pride: hubristic and authenticStatus: dominance and prestigeAre these connected???Hypothesis: Hubristic pride will be positively correlated with dominance and authentic pride will be positively correlated with prestige.Cheng, Joey T., Jessica L. Tracy, and Joseph Henrich. "Pride, Personality, and the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Social Status." Evolution and Human Behavior 31.5 (2010): 334-47. Methods

Measurements of :Self rated status (prestige and dominance)Self rated pride (hubristic and authentic)Peer related prideMeasures of personality traitsCheng, Joey T., Jessica L. Tracy, and Joseph Henrich. "Pride, Personality, and the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Social Status." Evolution and Human Behavior 31.5 (2010): 334-47. ConclusionsHubristic pride associated with dominanceAuthentic pride associated with prestige

Both forms of status allow for higher inclusive fitness

hubristic pride may have evolved to motivate behaviors, thoughts, and feelings toward attaining dominance, whereas authentic pride may have evolved to motivate behaviors, thoughts, and feelings oriented toward attaining prestige pg 336)

Cheng, Joey T., Jessica L. Tracy, and Joseph Henrich. "Pride, Personality, and the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Social Status." Evolution and Human Behavior 31.5 (2010): 334-47. ConclusionCorrelation between different types of pride and personality traits

Possible explanation? Cheng, Joey T., Jessica L. Tracy, and Joseph Henrich. "Pride, Personality, and the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Social Status." Evolution and Human Behavior 31.5 (2010): 334-47.

Critical Review: Some interesting pointsDistinction between hubristic and authentic pride Psychologists have shown that dominance and prestige, assessed through self-reports, have divergent relations with basal testosterone levelsWomen seem to prefer prestigious over dominant men

Critical Review: Unclear pointsAttaining status through prestige evolved once we obtained the capacity for culture; Cheng et al claim this phenomenon is one that is not seen in non-humans they claimThe first experiment had individuals report about their own pride, status, and the personality traits they believed led to these pride and status positionsThe authors predicted that genuine self-esteem would positively predict a prestigious status while it would negatively predict or have no relation to a dominance statusThoughts and Questions?