Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES Identify elements of a short story Define elements of a...

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Elements of a Short Story

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Page 1: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

Elements of a Short Story

Page 2: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

OBJECTIVES

Identify elements of a short story

Define elements of a short story

Demonstrate mastery of short story elements

Page 3: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

OVERVIEWShort stories often contain structural and

character elements that should be familiar to you.

These elements can be used as guides to help you think about the actions, themes, and contexts of the story.

Page 4: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

Theme

Setting

Characters

Point of view

Characterization

Plot - exposition statement - rising action - conflict - climax - falling action - resolution

Elements of a Short Story

Page 5: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

THEMEThe main idea of a literary work, usually

expressed as a generalization and in sentence form.

Example: “Forgiveness is the key to true happiness.”

SETTINGSETTING• The time and place in which the story is set.

Page 6: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

CHARACTERS The point of writing stories: telling us what human

beings are like. Characters allow readers to “see” life from different

perspectives and to “meet” new (or familiar) people.

“Characters in the plot connect us with the vastness of our secret life, which is endlessly explorable.” – Eudora Welty

Page 7: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

CHARACTERIZATION

The description of the personalities of the characters in the story and the ways in which authors reveal their personalities:

- Speech

- Thoughts

- Effect on other characters

- Action

- Looks

Page 8: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

PLOT

The sequence or order of events in a story, each event connected to the next like a chain. Each event in a plot “hooks” our curiosity and pulls us forward to the next event.

Suspense builds as the series of related events hook our curiosity.

The plot includes the following parts:

Page 9: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

CHRONOLOGICAL PLOT DIAGRAM

Page 10: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

- Exposition Statement – This is the part of the plot that tells how the story begins. The character, conflict, and setting are usually introduced.

- Example ~ CinderellaThe basic situation shows us Cinderella, a beautiful and good heroine, in a conflict with her evil stepmother and nasty stepsisters.

1. BASIC SITUATION/EXPOSITION

Page 11: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

The part of the story in which the main character takes some action to resolve the conflict and meets with problems or complications: danger, fear, hostility, etc.

Example ~ Cinderella

Cinderella wants to go to the ball. Her stepmother says “No,” but a Fairy Godmother promises to get her to the ball if she obeys one rule: “Be home by midnight.” Cinderella goes to the ball, the Prince falls in love with her, she flees at midnight, and she loses one of her glass slippers.

2. RISING ACTION/COMPLICATION

Page 12: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

3. CLIMAX

- Climax: the KEY scene of the story

That tense or exciting moment when we realize what the outcome of the conflict is going to be.

- Example ~ Cinderella

The Prince makes a house-to-house search for the foot that fits the slipper and finds that foot on Cinderella.

Page 13: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

All of the action which follows the climax

Example ~ Cinderella:

Cinderella and the prince make preparations for their wedding.

4. FALLING ACTION(s)

Page 14: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

5. RESOLUTION/DENOUEMENTThe final part of the story. (The French word, denouement, means “unraveling the knot”).

You learn how the conflict is resolved and what happens to the characters.

Example ~ Cinderella

Cinderella marries the Prince and they live happily ever after. In the original Grimm story, you also learn that ravens peck out the eyes of the evil stepmother.

Page 15: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

CONFLICT=STRUGGLE

Page 16: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

CONFLICT

External Conflict:

Conflict between a character and another person OR a character and something non-human.

- Man vs. Man

- Man vs. Society

- Man vs. Nature

Page 17: Elements of a Short Story. OBJECTIVES  Identify elements of a short story  Define elements of a short story  Demonstrate mastery of short story elements.

CONFLICTInternal Conflict:

Conflict takes place inside a character’s mind

Man vs. Himself (fears, self-doubts, etc.)