Electoral transparency and open election data - michael mcnulty (ndi)

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  1. 1. Senior Program Manager, National Democratic Institute (NDI) Michael McNulty is a senior program manager for the National Democratic Institute's (NDI) Elections & Political Processes Team. He has more than 15 years of experience managing and providing technical assistance for democracy support programs in Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America on citizen and international election observation, civil society advocacy, political party strengthening, and electoral reform. Before joining NDI's Elections Team, he managed civil society and elections programs in NDIs Ukraine office and was the Washington DC-based manager for NDI's programs in Central Asia and Turkey. Before joining NDI, he worked for a local government strengthening program in Peru, launched a civil society program in Afghanistan, developed publications on microfinance in conflict-affected countries, and managed international development programs for Chemonics International. He has also worked on international election observation missions with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the European Network of Election Monitoring Organizations (ENEMO). Michael earned his M.A. in International Relations from SAIS at Johns Hopkins University and his B.A. from Ohio State University. Michael McNulty
  2. 2. Electoral Transparency and Open Election Data Michael McNulty, NDI 3rd Asian Electoral Stakeholder Forum Kuta, Bali, Indonesia August 23, 2016
  3. 3. Transparency of Election Processes Each step is open to scrutiny Stakeholders can independently verify whether process is conducted honestly and accurately
  4. 4. Fundamental Human Right Right of citizens to seek, receive and impart information UDHR (art. 19) Right to participate in public affairs - ICCPR (art. 25) all necessary and appropriate measures to ensure the transparency of the entire electoral process -- IPU Declaration on Criteria for Free and Fair Elections (art. 4.7)
  5. 5. Why Transparency Matters to Electoral Integrity Direct link between transparency and trust Fundamental to public confidence Elections belong to the people, so information (data) about election processes belongs to the people
  6. 6. But Transparency is Not Enough Not just for sake of transparency Helps promote: Inclusion: inclusion and public engagement in the process Accountability: ability to hold electoral actors accountable Competitiveness: equitable opportunity to be elected
  7. 7. Types of Election Data Legal framework Decisionmaking processes Voter information and Polling stations Campaign finance Voter registry Procurement documents and process Party registration and Ballot qualification Technology-related information Electoral violence incidents Polling station level results Complaints, disputes and resolution
  8. 8. Principles of Open Election Data Complete, Bulk Timely Granular Available for Free Analyzable Non-Proprietary Non-Discriminatory License-Free Permanently Available
  9. 9. Uses of Open Election Data Improve effectiveness of election officials Increase voter participation Increase citizen engagement Enhance participation of marginalized groups Reduce tension and dispel rumors Generate new insights on electoral improvements
  10. 10. Momentum Whats my district? Who are the candidates? Am I registered to vote?
  11. 11. Examples: Increasing Public Confidence
  12. 12. Open Data Lessons and Debates Adapting benchmarks based on context Retrofitting is more difficult and costly Over-emphasis on election day New technologies in elections Trade-offs? Privacy and efficiency
  13. 13. Global Dialogue: EMBs and Observers
  14. 14. openelectiondata.net openelectiondata@ndi.org More at: