El Escorial – 26 miles NW of Madrid The Escorial.
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El Escorial – 26 miles NW of Madrid
The EscorialThe Escorial
The Town of EscorialThe Town of Escorial[30 km. Northeast of [30 km. Northeast of
El Escorial -- El Escorial -- BackgroundBackground( El Escorial was begun in El Escorial was begun in
15631563by by Juan Bautista de Juan Bautista de ToledoToledo, a, aRenaissance SpanishRenaissance Spanisharchitect who had workedarchitect who had workedearlier in Italy, and wasearlier in Italy, and wascompleted after his death completed after his death inin1567 by 1567 by Juan de HerreraJuan de Herrera. .
El Escorial StatisticsEl Escorial Statistics( 15 cloisters( 16 courts( 14 entrance halls ( 13 oratory ( 300 cells ( 86 stairways ( 9 towers ( 9 pipe organs ( 232 chorus books ( 73 statues ( More than 1,600
scenes ( 11 cisterns ( 88 fountains ( 2,673 windows ( 1,200 doors
The Monastery of The Monastery of San LorenzoSan Lorenzo
The Escorial The Escorial PalacePalace
A Section of the A Section of the MonasteryMonastery& Gardens& Gardens
( one of the largest religiousestablishments in the world.
The Monastery The Monastery Gardens: Close-UpGardens: Close-Up
The View of the The View of the Countryside from Countryside from
the Monastery Areathe Monastery Area
Philip II [r. 1556 – Philip II [r. 1556 – 1598]1598]
Philip II & “Bloody” Philip II & “Bloody” Mary TudorMary Tudor
The Library Inside the The Library Inside the Monastery Monastery
( 4,700 manuscripts[many illuminated].
( 40,000 printed books.
Philip II’s ChapelPhilip II’s Chapel
Stairwell Inside Stairwell Inside the Escorialthe Escorial
Ceiling Inside the Ceiling Inside the EscorialEscorial
A Main Corredor Inside A Main Corredor Inside the Escorialthe Escorial
The The Escorial’s Escorial’s
LibraryLibrary( Over 4,700 Over 4,700 rare rare manuscripts.manuscripts.
( Many Many illuminated illuminated manuscripts.manuscripts.
( Over 45,000 Over 45,000 books.books.
Philip II Died in this Philip II Died in this BedBed
The Crypt AreaThe Crypt Area
The Crypt of Philip The Crypt of Philip IIII