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2. RAISING ANIMALS There are many products you can get from raising animals, whether for home consumption or for commercial use. 3. Careful planning is necessary for projects involving animal raising. Every member of the family must take part in caring for the animals. 4. POULTRY RAISING Poultry refers to birds and fowls raised for meat and eggs. 5. POULTRY RAISING Poultry raising is the process of raising birds and fowls domestically or commercially for eggs, meat, and feathers. It is one of the most well-known industries in the Philippines, especially in the rural areas 6. POULTRY RAISING INCLUDES: Chicken Quails Pigeons 7. CHICKENS 8. CHICKEN Raising chickens is a backyard enterprise that any family can do and afford while at home. Chickens are raised for their eggs and meat. Chicken meat is a main source of protein. 9. BREEDS A. LAYER B. BROILER C. SINGLE COMB WHITE LEGHORN 10. BREED A. Layer- a good breed for egg production. 11. BREEDS B. Broiler- raised for fattening breeds which are good for meat production. The native chicken is the best type for meat and egg production. 12. BREEDS C. Single comb white leghorn- the best breed for producing egg. 13. POULTRY FEEDS Chickens for commercial purposes should be given balanced food to hasten growth and production. 14. Kinds of Poultry Feeds A. Starting mash- for newlyhatched chicks 8 to 10 weeks old. It should contain 23% protein. 15. Kinds of Poultry Feeds B. Growing mash- for chicks aged 8 to 10 weeks up to 5 months. It contains 20% protein. It is given to promote growth rate just enough for the chickens body and internal organs to develop in time for its laying stage. 16. Kinds of Poultry Feeds C. Laying (developer) mashgiven when chickens are already 19 weeks old to prepare them for laying eggs. It should contain 14 % protein and given 3 to 4 times a day. 17. Tips in Raising Commercial Breeds of Chickens 1. Provide newly-hatched chicks with light so they can keep themselves warm. Wrap wire mesh around the light to protect them from getting hurt. 18. Tips in Raising Commercial Breeds of Chickens 2. Feed chickens regularly. Feed them 2 to 3 times a day. Make sure they also have enough water. 19. Tips in Raising Commercial Breeds of Chickens 3. Clean the feeding trough, the drinking water container, and the poultry house daily. 20. QUAILS 21. QUAILS Known as pugo, they are small but very productive birds. A smaller capital is needed in raising them because it can be done in simple, suitable, and comfortable housing units. 22. BREED A. Japanese seattle-has rustmaroon feathers at the base of its head. It is a heavy producer. 23. BREED B. Japanese Taiwanknown as Chinese quail. The male has many reddish feathers on the underside while the female has grey underside. 24. BREED C. Native- thecommon pugo found in the fields and even in forests. They are not suitable for commercial production. 25. BREED D. Negroblack or grayish black. 26. BREED E. Tuxedoblack with a white spot on the breast. 27. BREED F. Silverwhite with black eyes. 28. FEEDING 1. Feed the quails with chicken feed at the rate of 1 kilo for every 50 quail layers each day. 2. Feed them in troughs made in bamboo. 29. FEEDING 3. Provide them a drinking trough. They can be fed at night, too, so provide their cage with adequate light. 30. INCUBATION Quails normally hatch their own eggs; however, the imported breeds need an expensive incubator. There are table types, electrically-operated incubators available. 31. MARKETING Quail eggs are nutritious and cost less than chicken eggs. They are marketable. The demand is great. Quail eggs can be sold fresh, boiled, salted or pickled 32. PIGEONS 33. PIGEONS Pigeons are raised for their squab, the meat of a 26-day old pigeon which commands a high price in the market. This is one of the exotic delicacies in some hotels and restaurants. 34. BREED A. Mondain-an earth-bound breed. It comes in two different types: the American and European French Modain. 35. BREED B. White and Red Carneau-known for their large size and suitable for squab production. 36. BREED C. King-originated in US as a utility breed and is also suitable for squab production. 37. BREED D. Hungarian-can lay eggs and is mostly used by restaurants for their recipes. 38. Selection of Breed Stocks A. Good parenting ability B. High fertility C. Growth rate D. Body conformity 39. FEEDS A. Grains-palay, corn, monggo, kadios, and sorghum. B. Pigeon pellet C. One feeder is good for one pair. D. Drinking trough-a small plastic jar that is about 10 cm. 40. PIGGERY About 70 % of manual hog output in the country is produced by backyard raisers. There are some hog raisers who have 50 hogs in their herd. Swines or pigs are easy to raise, needing only a reasonable amount of capital, time, and energy. 41. FEEDS a. Hog mash b. Rice bran (darak) c. Cooked broken rice (binlid) 42. BREEDS a. Berkshiretrim and meaty. They show good adaptability to rugged conditions and gained weight easily. 43. BREEDS b. Duroc-recognizedas red breed. The sow or mother pig is superior in growth rate, in prolific, and has a good adaptability. 44. BREEDS c. Hampshire-produces good quality meat. It has a white belt round its middle and front legs. 45. BREEDS d. Hyporpossesses superior body builds. The sow or mother pig has outstanding mothering and milking qualities. 46. BREEDS e. Landrace-produces good piglets and has a good mothering ability. This breed is a heavy milker. 47. BREEDS f. Native pig-trimwith short thighs and small body. It adapts easily to rugged conditions of the environment. 48. BREEDS g. Yorkshire-hassuperior mothering qualities and is an excellent milker. 49. HEALTH CONSIDERATIONS IN RAISING ANIMALS 1. Keep the backyard clean and sanitary. 2. Keep the animals in their pen. 3. Isolate sick animals immediately and consult a veterinarian at once. 50. HEALTH CONSIDERATIONS IN RAISING ANIMALS 4. Be good and gentle to animals. 5. Wash hands, and footwear before and after attending to backyard animals.