Economic Analysis of Working Waterfronts in the United States Economic Analysis of Working...

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  • Economic Analysis of Working Waterfronts in the United States

    Draft Technical Report to U.S. Economic Development Administration for Sponsored Project Number 99-07-13873: Creating Community and Economic

    Development Tools for Preserving Working Waterfronts and Waterways

    Investigators:

    Alan W. Hodges, PhD, Thomas J. Stevens, PhD, Mohammad Rahmani, PhD Food and Resource Economics Department

    Robert Swett, PhD

    School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Florida Sea Grant

    University of Florida Gainesville, FL

    August 15, 2013

  • Table of Contents

    List of Tables ....................................................................................................................................................... ii

    List of Figures ..................................................................................................................................................... iii

    Executive Summary ............................................................................................................................................ v

    Glossary of Economic Terms .............................................................................................................................. x

    Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ 1

    Literature Review ............................................................................................................................................... 1

    Ocean Economic Data ..................................................................................................................................... 1

    Statistical and Economic Surveys ................................................................................................................... 2

    Economic Impact Studies................................................................................................................................ 3

    Structural Change and Development ............................................................................................................. 5

    Data and Methodology ....................................................................................................................................... 6

    Data ................................................................................................................................................................ 6

    Methodology .................................................................................................................................................. 8

    Ocean Economic Regions ............................................................................................................................ 8

    Inventory of Working Waterfront Communities ........................................................................................ 9

    Analysis of Regional Economic Contributions .......................................................................................... 10

    Forecast of Economic Activity .................................................................................................................. 11

    Results .............................................................................................................................................................. 13

    Inventory of Economic Activity in Working Waterfront Communities ........................................................ 13

    Ocean-Related Share of Coastal Economies ................................................................................................. 25

    Regional Economic Contributions ................................................................................................................ 36

    Trends and Forecast of Ocean Sector Gross Domestic Product ................................................................... 42

    Trends and Forecast of Port Shipping Activity ............................................................................................. 50

    Trends in Commercial Fisheries .................................................................................................................... 63

    Trends and Forecast of Cruise Ship Activity ................................................................................................. 73

    Literature and Information Sources Cited ........................................................................................................ 75

    Appendix A: Detailed Data Tables for U.S. Coastal Regions, States and Counties ........................................... 78

    Appendix B: Maps of Counties in U.S. Coastal Regions .................................................................................. 166

    i

  • List of Tables

    Table 1. Ocean economic sectors and classification within the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and IMPLAN ................................................................................................................ 7

    Table 2. U.S. coastal regions for economic analysis of working waterfronts ..................................................... 9 Table 3. Value added multipliers for ocean economic activities in eleven U.S. coastal regions ...................... 12 Table 4. Summary of ocean-related economic activity in 2009 for thirty coastal states within eleven U.S.

    coastal regions ................................................................................................................................... 14 Table 5. Summary of GDP and share of ocean-related employment, wages, and GDP in 2009 for the top 50

    U.S. coastal counties .......................................................................................................................... 28 Table 6. Summary of total economic contributions of ocean-related industries in U.S. coastal regions in

    2009 ................................................................................................................................................... 38 Table 7. Summary of total economic contributions of ocean-related industries in U.S. coastal states in 2009

    ........................................................................................................................................................... 39 Table 8. Top 50 U.S. counties by GDP ocean-related economy contribution in 2009 ..................................... 42 Table 9. Summary of county level ocean-related sector GDP change predictions, positive or negative, 2009-

    20, by U.S. coastal region and state ................................................................................................... 45 Table 10. Summary of county level ocean-related sector GDP change predictions exceeding 50 percent,

    positive or negative, 2009-20, by U.S. coastal region and state........................................................ 46 Table 11. Top 50 U.S. county ocean-related sectors with greatest positive percentage GDP change predicted

    in 2020 ............................................................................................................................................... 47 Table 12. Top 50 U.S. county ocean-related sectors with greatest negative percentage GDP change

    predicted in 2020 ............................................................................................................................... 48 Table 13. Forecast ocean-related GDP in 2020 for U.S. coastal regions and states ......................................... 49 Table 14. Summary of marine port shipments, weight basis, 1997 and 2010, and forecast for 2020, by U.S.

    coastal region, state and county ........................................................................................................ 52 Table 15. Summary of marine port shipments, value basis, 1997 and 2010, and forecast for 2020, by U.S.

    coastal region, state and county (in Billion 2010 Dollars) ................................................................. 58 Table 18. Cruise ship thousand-passenger nights, by U.S. state and port city, 2004, 2011, and forecast for

    2020 ................................................................................................................................................... 74 Table A1. Ocean-related economic activity for U.S. coastal regions, states and counties in 2009 ................. 78 Table A2. Gross Domestic Product for major ocean sectors in U.S. coastal regions, states and counties in

    2009 ................................................................................................................................................... 87 Table A3. Total Gross Domestic Product contribution by ocean-related sectors in U.S. coastal regions, states

    and counties in 2009 .......................................................................................................................... 96 Table A4. Change in ocean-related GDP for U.S coastal regions, states and counties, 1990-2009, and

    predicted values in 2020 .................................................................................................................. 106

    ii

  • List of Figures

    Figure 1. Map of coastal economic regions in the United States ....................................................................... 8 Figure 2. Ocean-related employment in U.S. coastal re