Eco-tourism Projects in Norway: Some Examples for Cold Climates

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GEC 2007: Ferderica Miller, Architect, Permaculture Designer, GAIA - Eco-tourism Projects in Norway: Some Examples for Cold Climates

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    Ecotourism Projects in Norway:

    some examples for cold climates

    Frederica Miller

    Global Ecotourism Conference

    May 14 May 16, 2007

  • tekst

    Ecotourism Table of Contents 1

    The BRICK LAYERS HOLIDAY HOMEStranda, Frogn, 1988BRA: 120m2, 24m2/unitHoliday home with 4 smallappartments, adaption to siteand climateHealthy materails, natural ventilation and compost toilet.

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • A20 Trysil

    Toddebu

    Ecological pilot project, TrysilFrederica Miller, GAIA Oslo arkitekter

    superinsulated, Second home in the mountains, 119m2.Healthy, naturally ventilated house, well insulated.Finnish stove, wood heating. Local wastewater treatment.

    Hytte og milj

    Ecotourism

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • tekst

    Ecotourism

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

    KIRKENGEN HAGEBYGDKirkengen, Spydeberg 2000 - 02

    18 recreational homes formed as a

    small garden city.

    Individual cottages are 50 to 60m2.

    Adaption to site and climate.

    Healthy materials, solar energy,

    wood stoves, natural local

    wastewater treatment.

  • Ecotourism

    Decomposable cabins, ListaGAIA Lista architectsHealthy energy saving cabins, lifecycle analysis of all components, no toxicmaterials

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

    Cabins at Svanes, Egersund

    GAIA Lista architectsHellvikhus

  • The Glencoe Visitor Centre

    Sensitively integrated into an

    awesome site, this award-winning

    project of GAIA Scotland contains

    an wide range of green solutions.

    The design is based on a real

    understanding of site ecology,

    indoor climate, energy

    conservation, non toxic materials,

    water management. Green

    solutions are integrated into an

    architecture that expresses a

    quietly modern, harmonious

    regionalism.

    The overall form is a group of small

    building volumes, reminiscent of the

    traditional regional clachans. There

    is a deliberate mix of local

    materials, including stone and

    timber, and a variety which gives a

    village feel to the visitor complex.

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

    Ecotourism

  • Ecotourism 16

    GAIA International Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Healthy Materials 30

    The ecology of building materials

    Construction materials have effects on three main levels:- Indoor climate and health- Local environment- Global environmentOf these, the first is most important. But the effects on land, water use and energy requirements of producing building materials are one of the major factors in regional environmental damage and global climate change.The effects when materials are discarded or when they burn are also significant.

    The GAIA group has worked with this issue for over 20 years, haspublished widely and contributed to new solutions for many areas of construction. Healthy and hygroscopic materials also contribute in a major way to managing humidity in buildings, and reduce the need for expensive ventilation systems.

    GAIA projects such as Tollhouse Gardens in Perth (GAIA Scotland), the Low Allergy houses at Bygg for Fremtiden in Stavanger (GAIA Lista / Grimsth, 1998) and the Eble schools and housing, have been forerunners in designing healthy indoor environments for all.

    Lime plasters and even clay which have very small environmental effects and energy use, and outstanding humidity characteristics, are making a renaissance, and these products can now be bought in building stores in other European countries.

    Timber is one of the healthiest materials as long as one considers the whole life cycle: forestry must be sustainable, transport distances should be reasonably short, and wood must not be impregnated with toxicchemicals or with artificial finishes which prevent it from breathing. A variety of new solutions are available for using exposed timber which is treated with natural oils or left untreated

    GAIA International Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Site ecology, water, landscape 33

    OUTDOOR SPACES AND WATEREBLE / ATELIER DREISEITL

    Water features combined with ecological treatment of the water cyclesKamen Garden City / Prisma / Aspberg

    GARDEN ARTLANDSCAPE FOR ALLGAIA Tjme

    Tusenrsstedet ved Verdens EndeMarianne Leisner, GAIA Tjme

    GAIA International Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Site ecology, water, landscape 34

    SAIBEN: ECOLOGICAL URBAN BORDERGAIA JEA / Atelier Dreiseitl:

    - creating wetlands

    - increased infiltration

    - stable run off water

    -- improvement of water quality

    SHARED OUTDOORHOUSING SPACES

    GAIA JEA / Atelier Dreiseitl:

    Aspberg

    Culemborg

    GAIA International Sustainable Architecture and Planning

    2006

  • Ecotourism

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

    Ramme Grd autumn 2006

  • Ecotourism

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

    RAMME GRD Diversen, Hvitsten, 2003 -2004BRA: 280 m2

    Organic farm, and visitors centre. Cafe with locally

    produced ecological food.

    Tower with 4 floors, timberframe structure, insulated with

    straw bales and rendered with lime, and clay. Turf and

    sedum roof. www.rammegaard.no

  • tekst

    Ecotourism

    Assembling the timberframe structure

    The second floor is lifted in place

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    The walls are insulated with straw bales

    Rendered on the outside with lime

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    The tower and cupola arrive

    Tower builder -Anders Frstrup

    Timber as www.timber.no

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

    .and are lifted in place 2.6.03

  • Ecotourism

    The crown a

    sphere (the planet

    earth) star and

    new moon are

    lifted in place

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

    The turf roof is laid in the traditional way, with 2 layers of turf,

    grass down first, then grass up on top. The turf is held in

    place by a log wrapped in birch bark, with juniper hooks

    holding it on. The office roof in the second story has a

    diamond shaped pattern with white and red sedum varieties.

    Taklk = roof onion was traditionally used on roofs

    because they tolerate dry periods and protect against fire.

  • Ecotourism

    The Clay Floor

    The floor is a mixture of clay, sand,earth colour pigments and linseed oil. The floor is maintained with Biofa oil and wax.

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    The wood chip powered Central

    Heating Local Renewable Energy

    And the Hypocaust oven

    an efficient way of heating with

    wood and also used for baking

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    The Gallery was originally designed

    as a henhouse.

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007

  • Ecotourism

    The Play Ground is made with logs

    and creates an obstacle race for all

    ages. There is a place for bonfires

    in winter when the pond is iced over

    and used a s a skating rink. The

    star shaped flowerbed infront of the

    cafe is sometimes in the summer

    converted into a stage for stars.

    GAIA -Oslo as Sustainable Architecture and Planning 2007