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Transcript of e Medieval Secular Music Info on Secular Music ... Medieval secular music was solely composed for...

  • Slide 1 Sacred Overview

    Sacred music was used in the glorification of God, and to praise both Jesus and the Virgin Mary. This music was very dominating in the

    era, although it had very little or no entertainment purpose.

    Medieval secular music was solely composed for entertainment purposes.

    Remember, much of the music of the time was reliant on oral tradition, to be passed on via

    word of mouth.

    Slide 2 One More Sacred Term...

    Many church songs had a separate part from the main melody

    That part was called a drone. Drone-low pitched, non-moving part underlying a piece of

    parallel organum.

    In modern times, drones are still heard in bagpipes.

    Slide 3 Medieval Secular Music

    Secular music is:

    About Nature

    About Love

    Sung with voices and instruments, normally

    playing the same part of the voice

    Typically monophonic or one single part

    Reminder (Church music had call and response,

    chant or parallel organum, rarely just one voice)

    Slide 4 More about Secular Music

    Topics about love, political satire, dances, dramatic work, and also moral and religious

    subjects, however the religious subjects were not for church use, such topics like the love songs to

    the Virgin Mary were written.

    We don't know who wrote these songs. Many were written by poets or even just villagers

    celebrating something in their lives.

    Slide 5 Why Secular Music?

    Secular music was written for the town folk, those who were somewhat alliterate and

    uneducated. Therefore its form was monophonic, and syllabic and had a narrow

    range. Rhythms are largely unknown, but were probably improvised, at the least for decoration.

    Sometimes, the instruments would only be played as an introduction and used for

    emphasis. These catchy simple tunes started as a small idea, but eventually became a country-

    wide phenomenon.

    Slide 6

    One Latin man was seen to have been a major representative of secular music creation, he was

    Vanantius Fortunatus (530 -609).

    Much of the early secular compositions were done by the Goliards, or wandering scholars.

    These men were clerics who roamed the country-side as they pleased, writing and

    creating works on subjects of love, and obscene drinking habits. It is suggested that many of the tunes used by the Goliards, were infact sacred

    pieces.

    Info on Secular Music

  • Slide 7 In southern France, from around the middle of

    the 11th century, a group of musical poets came together, and formed a group known as

    the Troubadours. They wrote their music principally on the subject of love, in all its

    variations and aspects. Among there are a few scant pieces on the Crusades, the political satire, and on the death of a protector or

    friend. Songs by the Troubadours were performed not only in festive occasions by the town’s people,

    but mainly by a special class of musicians know as jongleurs, the first paid secular

    musician.

    Slide 8 Other types of Troubadours

    Another name for the jongleur, is the minstrel. Minstrels where lower status people, or carnival

    workers, who were traveling vocalists and instrumentalists playing other peoples music.

    Later in the period Germany produced a type of musician similar to the Troubadours known as

    the Minnesingers.

    Slide 9 The Persecution of Secular Music

    Unfortunately, the art of the Troubadour disappeared at the beginning of the thirteenth century, with the destruction of the Provencal civilisation in the Albegensian Crusades that

    began in 1209.

    Many of the Troubadours fled in the Crusades to Northern Italy. There, they continued to do their

    duties, and became known as the Italian Travatori; Sicily was then the major center of

    further development of secular music.

    Slide 10 Hope in a Dark Time

    Although the Troubadours and other composers lived in such dark times, each still managed to find what was left good in their era, and wrote beautiful, yet simple tunes that could brighten

    even the darkest spirits inside people.

    Slide 11 Medieval Secular Terms

    European explosion-population grew during this time period. European culture dominated the

    majority of the world, especially the western world.

    This began after the collapse or decline of the Holy Roman Empire, the Spanish Empire, the First

    French colonial empire, the First French Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Chinese Empire, and the

    Ottoman Empire. This paved the way for the expansion of the British Empire, with the British

    boasting dominance.

    Slide 12 The European Explosion and

    Secular Music

    This Brittish dominance and the decline of power of the Roman Catholic Church paved the way for

    the growth of secular music.

    People had more freedom than they had since the fall of Greece and Rome. New scientific

    advances were being made, people were living longer and more prosporously. All of the arts

    began to flourish and literacy began to increase for the general public.

  • Slide 13 A Medieval Secular Genre

    Rondo: A repeating song. Typically there would be multiple musicians or the townspeople would learn the song. It was

    normally 5 sections as stated below. In elementary school many students learn this

    with Row, Row, Row your Boat.

    Form: A-main part

    B-E--other parts always returned to A

    normally 5 sections: ABACADAEA

    Slide 1 Sacred Overview

    Sacred music was used in the glorification of God, and to praise both Jesus and the Virgin Mary. This music was very dominating in the

    era, although it had very little or no entertainment purpose.

    Medieval secular music was solely composed for entertainment purposes.

    Remember, much of the music of the time was reliant on oral tradition, to be passed on via

    word of mouth.

    Slide 2 One More Sacred Term...

    Many church songs had a separate part from the main melody

    That part was called a drone. Drone-low pitched, non-moving part underlying a piece of

    parallel organum.

    In modern times, drones are still heard in bagpipes.

    Slide 3 Medieval Secular Music

    Secular music is:

    About Nature

    About Love

    Sung with voices and instruments, normally

    playing the same part of the voice

    Typically monophonic or one single part

    Reminder (Church music had call and response,

    chant or parallel organum, rarely just one voice)

    Slide 4 More about Secular Music

    Topics about love, political satire, dances, dramatic work, and also moral and religious

    subjects, however the religious subjects were not for church use, such topics like the love songs to

    the Virgin Mary were written.

    We don't know who wrote these songs. Many were written by poets or even just villagers

    celebrating something in their lives.

    Slide 5 Why Secular Music?

    Secular music was written for the town folk, those who were somewhat alliterate and

    uneducated. Therefore its form was monophonic, and syllabic and had a narrow

    range. Rhythms are largely unknown, but were probably improvised, at the least for decoration.

    Sometimes, the instruments would only be played as an introduction and used for

    emphasis. These catchy simple tunes started as a small idea, but eventually became a country-

    wide phenomenon.

  • Slide 6

    One Latin man was seen to have been a major representative of secular music creation, he was

    Vanantius Fortunatus (530 -609).

    Much of the early secular compositions were done by the Goliards, or wandering scholars.

    These men were clerics who roamed the country-side as they pleased, writing and

    creating works on subjects of love, and obscene drinking habits. It is suggested that many of the tunes used by the Goliards, were infact sacred

    pieces.

    Info on Secular Music

    Slide 7 In southern France, from around the middle of

    the 11th century, a group of musical poets came together, and formed a group known as

    the Troubadours. They wrote their music principally on the subject of love, in all its

    variations and aspects. Among there are a few scant pieces on the Crusades, the political satire, and on the death of a protector or

    friend. Songs by the Troubadours were performed not only in festive occasions by the town’s people,

    but mainly by a special class of musicians know as jongleurs, the first paid secular

    musician.

    Slide 8 Other types of Troubadours

    Another name for the jongleur, is the minstrel. Minstrels where lower status people, or carnival

    workers, who were traveling vocalists and instrumentalists playing other peoples music.

    Later in the period Germany produced a type of musician similar to the Troubadours known as

    the Minnesingers.

    Slide 9 The Persecution of Secular Music

    Unfortunately, the art of the Troubadour disappeared at the beginning of the thirteenth century, with the destruction of the Provencal civilisation in the Albegensian Crusades that

    began in 1209.

    Many of the Troubadours