Dyslexia Scotland Roadshow Angus 22 May 2012.
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Transcript of Dyslexia Scotland Roadshow Angus 22 May 2012.
Dyslexia Scotland RoadshowAngus22 May 2012
What is dyslexia?
What is dyslexia?Mr Krook, the eccentric marine store dealer, has a wall pasted with hand-written alphabets to try and teach himself to read. The law clerk, Jobling says: read, hell never read. He can make out all the letters separately but he cannot put them together.
What is dyslexia?Dyslexia can be described as a continuum of difficulties in learning to read, write and/or spell, which persist despite the provision of appropriate learning opportunities. These difficulties often do not reflect an individuals cognitive abilities and may not be typical of performance in other areas.
What is dyslexia?The impact of dyslexia as a barrier to learning varies in degree according to the learning and teaching environment, as there are often associated difficulties such as:
What is dyslexia?auditory and/or visual processing of language-based informationphonological awarenessoral language skills and reading fluencyshort-term and working memorysequencing and directionalitynumber skillsorganisational ability
What is dyslexia?Dyslexia exists in all cultures and across the range of abilities and socio-economic backgrounds. It is a hereditary, life-long, neurodevelopmental condition. Unidentified, dyslexia is likely to result in low self esteem, high stress, atypical behaviour, and low achievement.
What is dyslexia?Learners with dyslexia will benefit from early identification, appropriate intervention and targeted effective teaching, enabling them to become successful learners, confident individuals, effective contributors and responsible citizens.Scottish Government/Dyslexia Scotland/Cross party Group on Dyslexia
What is dyslexia?Dyslexia is a processing difference experienced by people of all ages, often characterised by difficulties in literacy.Gavin Reid
Some key facts
Some key facts
One person in ten (over 500,000 people in Scotland) is thought to be dyslexic and of these one in four could be severely dyslexic.
Some key factsDifficulties can range from mild to severe and individual profiles can be very different, each with strengths and weaknesses.
Some key factsDyslexic people often have natural talents, creative abilities and vision.
Some key factsDyslexia can occur at any level of intellectual ability.
Some key factsDyslexic people can face difficulties in both education and employment
Some key facts
Early recognition, appropriate timely intervention, good structured multi-sensory teaching and additional support for learning contribute to success.
General ChecklistFamily history
General ChecklistFamily history of difficultiesGood orally but difficulty in writing the answer
General ChecklistFamily historyGood orally but difficulty in writing the answerDifficulty with reading/spelling
General ChecklistFamily historyGood orally but difficulty in writing the answerDifficulty with reading/spellingLetters/numbers the wrong way round, for example b/d or 15/51
General ChecklistReads a word correctly but fails to recognise it further down the page
General ChecklistReads a word correctly but fails to recognise it further down the pageSpells a word in different ways
General ChecklistReads a word correctly but fails to recognise it further down the pageSpells a word in different waysConfusion of left/right
General ChecklistReads a word correctly but fails to recognise it further down the pageSpells a word in different waysConfusion of left/rightClumsy
General ChecklistReads a word correctly but fails to recognise it further down the pageSpells a word in different waysConfusion of left/rightClumsyPoor sense of rhythm/rhyme
General ChecklistPoor concentration
General ChecklistPoor concentrationBadly organised
General ChecklistPoor concentrationBadly organisedDifficulty planning stories/essays
General ChecklistPoor concentrationBadly organisedDifficulty planning stories/essaysDifficulty taking notes
General ChecklistPoor concentrationBadly organisedDifficulty planning stories/essaysDifficulty taking notesDifficulty with time/tenses
General ChecklistPoor concentrationBadly organisedDifficulty planning stories/essaysDifficulty taking notesDifficulty with time/tensesCant follow a series of instructions
Assessing Dyslexia Toolkit
Areas to look atNutrition
NutritionA good diet
Essential fatty acids
VisualThe letters go all blurryThe letters move around so I cant tell which is whichThe letters seem to float over the pageThe letters move in and out of the pageThe letters split and go double
VisualThe c moved over the r so it looked like another cds and bs sort of get the wrong way roundThe p joined up with the cThe words go all glaryI keep losing my placeBlurring of print
Common visual symptomsDifficulty moving from one line to the otherMovement of words or lettersShort visual concentration spanguessing wordsRubbing of eyesHeadaches/migrainesSeeing non-existent blotches or diamonds
The rivers effectReading by the Colours: Overcoming Dyslexia and Other Reading Disabilities Helen Irlen
The Seesaw effectReading by the Colours: Overcoming Dyslexia and Other Reading Disabilities Helen Irlen
The Swirl EffectReading by the Colours: Overcoming Dyslexia and Other Reading Disabilities Helen Irlen
Coloured overlays, coloured lensesand coloured paper can help.
Some of the problemsDifficulty following sequential directionsDifficulty with dictated informationDifficulty with background noiseSlow to respond to questions or directionsGives inappropriate answers to simple questionsHas or has had a speech problem
AuditoryRight temporal lobeLeft temporal lobeCorpus callosum
AuditoryLeft hemisphere responsible for sequential, detailed part of language:
formants > phonemes > words > sentences
AuditoryRight hemisphere mainly responsible for
intonation, pitch, stress pattern
AuditoryThe sounds dont always meet up
The sounds cross
Background noise gets in the way
Sound therapyIt is designed to stimulate the nerve pathways into and within the brain - in particular the areas dealing with language - and thus improve language processing abilities.
Exercises for co-ordination:
What does it feel like to be dyslexic?
Spelling Testcloeshon collectioncachatball