Duck, Duck, Deduce
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Duck, Duck, Deduce
Duck, Duck, DeduceLearn How to Research International Credentials
Peggy Bell HendricksonUniversity of North Texas Shelby L. Cearley Texas Tech University Ann Rahmat University of North Texas
OverviewQuestionsFree Stuff Paid Stuff Lists Tips Q & A
Questions to ConsiderWhats the difference between accreditation and recognition? What does it mean to have legal authorization to operate as a business? Whats the difference between unaccredited schools and diploma mills?
Free StuffWebsites Mailing Lists Contacts Your Research DatabaseResearch Handouts
Free Stuff WebsitesMinistries of Education websites ECE archives WES research site & WENR Chronicle of Higher Ed website Eurydice Inter-l archives Intl Association of Universities
Free Stuff ContactsADSEC/OSEAS Advisors Education USA AdvisorsFulbright Advisors IREX Advisors REACsConference presenters on topic Mailing list responders
Free Stuff Mailing ListsInter-l yahoo group ECE mailing list WENR mailing list State Intl educators list State AACRAO mailing list NAFSAs wRAP Up NAFSA Region III
Free Stuff Your DatabaseKeep recordsSave it in an electronic form from emails, websitesMake notebooks for materials Agency evaluationsMake backups Organize so youll use it
Free Stuff HandoutsHandouts were giving you About 100 pages of resourcesAlphabetical by country Includes priced and free infoNo out-of-print itemsOnly via email
Free Stuff Handout ExampleAfghanistan. Free: Asian Network Information Center (ASNIC). University of Texas at Austin website: http://asnic.utexas.edu/asnic.html Free: International Association of Universities online database: Education Systems and List of Universities. http://www.unesco.org/iau/onlinedatabases/index.html Free: International Bureau of Education Country Dossiers. UNESCO website: http://www.ibe.unesco.org/countries/countrydossiers.htm Free: Middle East Network Information Center (MENIC). University of Texas at Austin website: http://menic.utexas.edu/menic/Countries_and_Regions/ Free: Strategic Action Plan for the Development in Higher Education in Afghanistan. Ministry of Higher Education, 2004. http://www.ands.gov.af/admin/ands/goa/upload/UploadFolder/Strategic%20action%20plan%20for%20the%20development%20of%20Higher%20education%20in%20Afghanistan.pdf
Paid StuffBooksProducts/Services Conferences Help
Paid Stuff BooksCountriesRegionsEquivalencies/Placement Recommendations Diploma Mills
Paid Stuff Products/ServicesWorld Higher Education Database (WHED)Electronic Database for Global Education (EDGE) Guide to Education Systems CDSubscriptionsTraining
Paid Stuff ConferencesNAFSA regional, nationalAACRAO state, regional, nationalState international education meetings Local college/university consortiums
Paid Stuff HelpHalf.comEbay Amazon wish list LibraryAsk for recommendations
ListsTop 10 free items Top 10 paid items Things Id save from a burning building
Top 10 Free ThingsInter-l yahoo groupInternational Association of Universities websiteLibraryLocal & national gurusMinistry of Education
Top 10 Free Things cont.NAFSA Admissions NewsletterSearch engineState international education listWES website WENR mailing list & site
Top 10 Paid ThingsChinese Universities & CollegesEDGE MembershipForeign Education Credentials RequiredGuide to Educational Systems around the World Guide to Higher Education in Africa
Top 10 Paid Things cont.India PIER bookInternational Handbook of Universities Japanese Colleges and Universities New Country IndexNew Independent States & the Baltic
Save from a Burning BuildingChinese College & Universities Intl Handbook of UniversitiesNew Country IndexNew Independent States & BalticWHED CDResearch backups
TipsPay attention to whos responding to mailing lists Show your work when asking or answeringSave the answers even if theyre not your questions (yet)Search dont recreate the wheel & dont make others do it
TipsSummarize the responses you receive to help others Always be polite and respectful Make friends with the lists Create a you need to get this info letter/email for applicantsPrivate agencies can point you in the right direction
Q & AWhats on your mind?
Question 1 Accreditation - Accreditation is primarily an American concept. In most other countries, colleges and universities either are operated by the government, or they gain the right to grant degrees by the government, or they affiliate themselves with an institution that does have that right, so there is no need for a separate, independent agency to say that a given school is accredited. A US school may legitimately be accredited by a US state, one of six regional accrediting agencies, or the government (the US Department of Education or the Council on Higher Education Accreditation). It is up to each institution to determine its policy regarding which of those three tiers it accepts. (At UNT, we only accept US schools that have regional accreditation.) Schools may also be accredited by religious accrediting bodies, and, again, it is up to each institution to set its policy regarding its acceptance of religiously accredited schools.
Read more: http://www.degree.net/guides/accreditation_guide.html and http://www.petersons.com/common/article.asp?id=2345&path=ug.fas.advice&sponsor=1
Recognition Recognition generally refers to higher education institution approval in non-US countries. These countries have a body of higher education (usually a Ministry of Education or Higher Education and other bodies it deems acceptable) that is authorized to recognize schools and gives them permission to award degrees. Public, state institutions are generally recognized because they are generally created by the higher education body, so we are mostly researching private schools and their recognition by the higher education bodies in question.
Question 2 A school in any country may have permission to operate as a legal entity, but that has nothing to do with its accreditation or recognition, which is what determines the quality of education provided. Legal authority to operate as a business does not mean that the schools transcripts or diplomas would be recognized by another institution in that country. Operation as a business is often a private universitys first step towards official recognition, but it might not mean anything other than the fact that it is a legal business. Regardless of whether it is seeking recognition by the government, it currently has no status other than that of a business. International schools that are seeking recognition from the government might receive Interim Letters of Authority that are somewhat comparable to US schools that have received Candidacy status from one of the regional accrediting bodies. Once again, each institution should make its own decision as to whether to accept these interim candidates as having appropriate recognition/accreditation.
I could open my own school in my basement, get a license to run it as a business so that Id be taxed and legally liable as a business instead of a person, but no respectable institution would accept any transcripts or degrees I issue.
Unaccredited schools are usually legitimate schools that have either decided against pursuing accreditation/recognition, have failed to meet the requirements of accreditation/recognition, are candidates for accreditation/recognition, or are accredited/recognized from an education agency that is not legitimately authorized to make that claim. Oftentimes, students legitimately attend classes, take tests, and write papers and have no idea that their degree will not allow them to pursue further education or most job opportunities because they didnt know how to check on the accreditation of the school or didnt know that the accrediting body listed wasnt legitimate.
Diploma mills are businesses that illegally offer to sell you a transcript and degree from a school (ranging from fake schools or real schools with forged or stolen paper) without your having to attend classes, take tests, or do anything other than send in your money. This is a billion dollar industry that is seldom used by unsuspecting people who just didnt know any better.
Read more: http://www.degree.net/html/diploma_mills.html and http://www.usatoday.com/money/workplace/2003-09-28-fakedegrees_x.htm Ministries of Education websites (see handouts) ECE archives - http://lists.lyris.net/cgi-bin/lists.pl?visit=ece-newsletter&id=112913355 WES research site - http://www.wes.org/ewenr/research.htm World Education News and Reviews - http://www.wes.org/ewenr/06oct/index.asp Chronicle of Higher Ed website - http://chronicle.com/international/ Eurydice - http://www.eurydice.org/portal/page?_pageid=257,167708&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL Inter-l yahoo group archives - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/inter-l/messages International Association of Universities - http://www.unesco.org/iau/onlinedatabases/index.html ADSEC/OSEAS Advisors - http://www.nafsa.org/knowledge_community_network.sec/recruitment_admissions/overseas_educational_1/practice_resources_21/overseas_advising_and/overseas_advising_-_admissions Education USA Advisors - http://educationusa.state.gov/centers/ Fulbright Advisors - http://exchanges.state.gov/education/fulbright/commiss.htm IREX Advisors - http://www.irex.org/education/higher_ed.asp REACs - http://www.nafsaonlineexpo.org/_docs/2006/GS-376.PDF Conference presenters on topic (search NAFSA or AACRAO websites) Mailing list responders pay attention!Inter-l yahoo group - http://groups.ya