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  • 8/4/2019 DRR in Schools


    Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction

    in Education

    MS. MARQUEZA L. REYESTechnical Advisor for Disaster Risk Reduction

    ASEAN-UNISDR Technical Cooperation

    Natural Disaster Risk Reduction and

    ManagementTraining Course

    Earth Observatory of Singapore-NTU, 19 August 2011

  • 8/4/2019 DRR in Schools



    1. Background: HFA and AADMER

    2. Why Mainstream DRR in Education

    3. Safe Schools Campaign in ASEAN

    4. Mainstreaming DRR in the School Curriculum

    Good Practices

    Areas of Performance

    5. Video Showing: Children on the Frontline

    6. Benchmarking DRR Mainstreaming in

    Education in you country

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    ASEANASEAN--UNISDR TechnicalUNISDR Technical


    For the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action in

    the ASEAN region through a tripartite Memorandum of

    Understanding among UNISDR, ASEAN and GFDRR

    Started in 2009, now on its 3rd Year

    Program Areas: Strengthening Regional Implementation of DRR in ASEAN

    Safe Schools and Hospitals

    Safe Cities

    Regional risk assessment

    Disaster risk financing

    Integrating DRR and Climate Change Adaptation

    Capacity Development and Knowledge Management

    Advocacy and Partnerships and Collaboration in DRR

    Support for the Implementation of DRR National Platforms

    and Strategic National Action Plans for Disaster Risk


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  • 8/4/2019 DRR in Schools


  • 8/4/2019 DRR in Schools


    ASEAN Agreement on DM andASEAN Agreement on DM and

    Emergency ResponseEmergency Response

    Ratified by 10 Member Statesand entered into force on 24Dec 2009

    First HFA-related bindinginstrument in the world

    Enables a more proactiveregional framework forcooperation, coordination andresource mobilisation fordisaster risk reduction andmanagement

    Translated into a WorkProgramme for 2010-2015

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    Children are vulnerable - disasters affect

    thousands of lives, especially children and young

    people and their learning environment

    Improve school safety through:

    Structural measures

    Non-structural measures

    School-based disaster preparedness - building

    a disaster resilient culture at an early age

    contributes to community resilience to disaster

    Prevention is better than cure!Prevention is better than cure!

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    Global Launch of One Million Safe Schools and

    Hospitals Campaign and Pledging Session of

    ASEAN Member States on 8 April 2010, Manila,

    Philippines. Indonesia - June 2010

    Malaysia - Feb 2011

    Thailand 2011

    Singapore underdiscussion with MOE

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    Make a Pledge, Save a Life!


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    Mainstreaming in DRR means making DRR a

    part of the learning process of school children.

    ASEAN Knowledge Sharing Workshop aimed to

    showcase progress in DRR mainstreaming inthe school curriculum:

    What are the good practices and lessons

    learned that can be shared and adapted by

    different countries in their own context?

    What are the benchmarks?

    Are there standards that we can use to

    measure how far we have mainstreamed

    DRR in the school curriculum and further

    improve the process?

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    A good practice, in this context, is any

    proven idea, programme, strategy,

    mechanism, method, or procedure for

    mainstreaming disaster risk reduction(DRR) in the educational system so

    that students knowledge and

    awareness of DRR are effectively


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    Legal andRegulatorySystems

    National DRR

    Policies and Plans InstitutionalStructures andMechanisms

    Curriculum Reviewand Development

    Using the NationalCurriculumDevelopment Processto Mainstream DRR

    Developing InstructionalMaterials on DRR andPilot Testing

    DRR in Co-Curricularand Extra-CurricularActivities

    Non-Formal EducationActivities in DRR

    TeacherTraining and


    Training ofTeachers inDisasterEducation

    Assessment ofLearning

    Outcomes Assessing Student

    Knowledge onDRR

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    Proactive leadership exercised by multi-sectoral national

    disaster management committee in identifying the

    education sector as a priority sector for mainstreamingDRR.

    Political commitment and support to mainstream DRR in

    education exist, with coordination mechanisms in place

    involving relevant entities.

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    Legislation is passed at the national level with provisions

    related to DRR mainstreaming in the education sector.

    Disaster management law in countries should mandate the

    integration of DRR in education through specific provisions

    and supplementary guidelines.

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    A clear policy for mainstreaming DRR in the school

    curriculum is adopted and properly communicated withinthe education ministry as well as to other government

    agencies with corresponding allocation of resources

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    A multi-sectoral committee (or equivalent) is established

    and functioning with clear mandates, authority,mechanisms and resources to spearhead the

    mainstreaming of DRR in school curriculum.

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    The national curriculum development process involves

    needs assessment and planning; content development; and

    pilot delivery and revision. Integration of DRR in the school curriculum (and existing

    subjects) is institutionalised as part of the regular

    curriculum review and development cycle.

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    Accurate and adequate instructional materials integrating

    DRR are developed and approved by relevant authorities.

    Textbooks, teachers guide, lessons exemplars/plans,

    student modules and teaching aids, usually written in local


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    Co-curricular and extra-curricular programmes related to

    DRR are included in the academic calendar, with adequate

    allocation of time and resources. Full-scale emergency excercises or drills, competitions,

    debates, learning journey, art, theater and other special

    activities that reinforce key DRR messages.

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    DRR is incorporated in non-formal education through

    community-based activities and other alternative learning


    Activities outside the school environment that contribute to

    raising awareness and enhance disaster preparedness

    among children

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    Teachers and relevant education personnel are properly

    trained on teaching DRR as part of the school curriculum.

    Training of trainers (TOT) programme on DRR andemergency response can maximize existing resources and

    expedite capacity-building process

    Teachers may also receive training on how to produce their

    own DRR materials and formulate DRR action plans

    applicable to their school

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    Learning outcomes are progressively assessed to ensure

    that DRR-related curricular changes are adapted to current

    and actual needs. DRR-integrated school curriculum and instructional

    materials are evaluated for their effectiveness and further

    refined; students

    Mechanisms (survey, questionnaire, etc) for assessment of

    students DRR knowledge and skills so that systems can be

    revised to respond to the need

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    Children on the FrontlineChildren on the Frontline(by One Planet Pictures in collaboration with Plan International, etc.)(by One Planet Pictures in collaboration with Plan International, etc.)

    The video stresses the importance of integrating DRR in

    education so that children themselves can initiate actions

    to prepare themselves or reduce their risks against


    Children and young people can contribute to what is beingdone by society to prevent or mitigate disaster risks. They

    are convinced that including them, as young citizens,

    would be helpful, both in building their own resilience and

    improving DRR governance and resilience of the

    community as a whole.

    If children are knowledgeable on DRR, children

    themselves become empowered and can act as a catalyst

    in their community to help ensure the disaster safety of

    their family, their school and their community. The best

    way to increase this knowledge is through education.

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    Ms. Marqueza Lepana Reyes, Dr. Eng.

    Technical Advisor for Disaster Risk Reduction

    ASEAN-UNISDR Technical Cooperation

    The ASEAN Secretariat

    Jl. Sisingamangaraja 70A, Jakarta 12110 Indonesia