Domaci nahravani muziky

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    01-Sep-2015
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recording music, music studio, music effects, home recording

Transcript of Domaci nahravani muziky

  • HOME RECORDING V dnen dob levnch pota a zvukovch karet u nen velkm problmem zadit si doma mal nahrvac

    studio. Zde se Vm pokusm dt pr tip a ppadn i rad, jak si toto studio vytvoit

    Luk Kadlec (c) 2012

    Verze 2.06

    Toto je off-line verze webu:

    http://test-nastroju.webnode.cz

    NEN URENO K PRODEJI!!

  • N C O M L O O A U T O R O V I

    Jmenuji se Luke, hraju v nkolika kapelch: nap. Beatles revival Basketles (www.basketles.cz ) , vlastn

    tvorba v Breakaway Project (http://breakawayproject.webnode.cz/ ) i Psycho Doors revival :) a

    muzika m zajm a bav, tak jsem se rozhodl trohu pispt a pro ostatn hudebnky vytvoit tento

    malej web (http://test-nastroju.webnode.cz ) a mon jim tak pomoci pi rozhodovn o koupi nstroj i s nahrvnm. Sm hraju na kytaru a klvesy, na oboj jsem samouk, take nejsem rozhodn

    dnej "virtuoz" i expert a nevyluuju, e v lncch mohou bt njak nepesnosti

    Tato pruka nen psna pli odborn, je urena spe pro pln zatenky, kte se o home

    recording zanaj prv zajmat. Zmrn jsem volil, spe hovorovou a msty nespisovnou etinu

    Pvodn se jednalo o samostatn lnky na webu, take proto se nkter kapitoly troku informan

    pekrvaj, co ale myslm nen na kodu. Tak peji pjemn ten. Pokud Vm tato piruka byla k uitku a chtli byste mi alespo symbolicky pispt na provoz uvedenho webu, poujte, prosm ne uveden odkaz PayPal. Dky! https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_donations&business=5N39PNPCUCWLN&lc=CZ&item_name=Luke&currency_code=CZK&bn=PP%2dDonationsBF%3abtn_donateCC_LG%2egif%3aNonHosted

    Luke Kadlec (lkadlec@email.cz)

  • OBSAH

    1.HISTORIE ZZNAMU ZVUKU ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1

    2. ZKLADY AKUSTIKY .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

    2.1 NAPOV ROVN ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6 2.2 VU METR ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2.3 UM ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

    3. DOMC STUDIO ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

    3.1 POTA ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7 3.2 ZVUKOV KARTA ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 3.3 DIGITLN REKORDRY ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

    Nahrvn na digitln rekordr vs. do PC ................................................................................................................................................ 9 Kam se ukldaj data? .................................................................................................................................................................................... 10

    3.4 REPRODUKTORY / MONITORY ............................................................................................................................................................................. 10 3.5 KABELY A KONEKTORY............................................................................................................................................................................................ 11

    asto pouvan konektory .......................................................................................................................................................................... 11 Dal kabely a redukce.................................................................................................................................................................................... 11

    3.6 LATENCE A FORMT ZZNAMU ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 12 Formt zznamu .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 12 Datov formty zvukovch soubor ......................................................................................................................................................... 12

    3.7 AKUSTIKA A NAHRVAC PROSTOR .................................................................................................................................................................. 12 3.8 OSTATN .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 12 3.9 MODELOV SESTAVY PRO DOMC NAHRVN ........................................................................................................................................................... 13

    4. MIKROFONY ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 13

    4.1 MLUVEN SLOVO ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 13 4.2 MIKROFONY PRO ZPV ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 13 4.3 DLEN MIKROFON DLE ZPSOBU SNMN ZVUKU .................................................................................................................................................. 14 4.4 ROZDLEN MIKRO FON DLE SMROV CHARAKTERISTIKY: .................................................................................................................................... 14 4.5 FREKVENN ROZSAH MIKROFONU: ............................................................................................................................................................................... 14 4.5.5 FZE (PHASE) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 15 4.6.STEREO TECHNIKY SNMN ZVUKU............................................................................................................................................................................... 15

    Problmy pi stereo zznamu ..................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Metoda A-B ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Metoda X/Y ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Metoda ORTF ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Dal metody: ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Kde se tyto stereo techniky vyuvaj? ...................................................................................................................................................... 16

    4.7 KONKRTN TYPY MIKROFON ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 17 4.8 M ZKUENOSTI S NKTERMI TYPY MIKROFON ...................................................................................................................................................... 17

    5.SNMN NSTROJ ................................................................................................................................................................................... 19

    5.1 AKUSTICK KYTARA ..................................................................................................................................................................................................