Do You Know Where You Live? You live in a place that used to be a forest!

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Transcript of Do You Know Where You Live? You live in a place that used to be a forest!

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Do You Know Where You Live? You live in a place that used to be a forest! Slide 2 Eastern Deciduous Forest Slide 3 On The Piedmont Slide 4 Four Layers Of the Forest Slide 5 What Lives in a Forest? Native Plants Native Plants have lived here for thousands of years Native Plants are food. Feed Insects which are food to small mammals and birds. They are the start of the food chain. Slide 6 Canopy - The Tall Trees Slide 7 Shag Bark Hickory Name Algonquin Pohickery Flowers at age 20 Hickory nuts at age 40 Life span 200-300 years Slide 8 Shag Bark Hickory 70-100 Feet Tall If the forest is left alone for hundreds of years you will find more hickories than any other tree. Slide 9 Insects that Use Hickories Hickory Horned Devil Largest Caterpillar in North America Comes out in Late Summer/Early Fall Slide 10 Slide 11 More Insects That Use Hickories Slide 12 Animals That Depend on Hickories for Food Slide 13 More Animals That Depend on Hickories Slide 14 American Beech Smooth Grey Bark It takes 10 years to make seeds. Beeches can live 300 to 400 years. Slide 15 American Beech Beech nuts were eaten by Native Americans. Many Insects, Birds and animals use this tree for homes and food too. Slide 16 Insects Slide 17 Birds That Prefer Beech Trees for Nesting Slide 18 Animals that Depend On Beech Trees for their Nuts Slide 19 More Animals that Love Beech Nuts Slide 20 One small Mammal Slide 21 And one Big Mammal Slide 22 Native Trees are Very Important Trees Feed Insects Trees Feed Birds Trees Feed Small and Large Mammals A Big Oak Tree can feed and give homes to as many as 1000 creatures! Slide 23 The Shrub Layer Slide 24 Muscle Wood Slide 25 Carpinus caroliniana Muscle Wood American Hornbeam Ironwood Blue beech Water beech Slide 26 Muscle Wood Flowers Feed: Slide 27 Muscle Wood Favorite Nest Site For: Slide 28 Muscle Wood Nuts Are Eaten By: Slide 29 Mammals That Eat Muscle Wood Beaver cut down Muscle Wood for food and for their lodges. White Tailed Deer eat the leaves in Summer and the twigs in Winter. Slide 30 Sassafras Tree Slide 31 Leaves Bark Fruit Flowers Slide 32 Sassafras Tree Leaves Slide 33 What are These Flies Doing? Slide 34 What is it? Slide 35 Insects that Use Sassafras Trees Spicebush caterpillar rolls itself up in a leaf to hide from birds. Slide 36 Spice Bush Swallowtail Slide 37 Insects that use Sassafras Yellow Poplar Weevil Slide 38 18 Types of Birds Eat Sassafras Slide 39 Mammals White Tailed Deer eat leaves and twigs White Cotton Tailed Rabbits east twigs and bark Slide 40 People are Mammals Too! Root Beer was made from the roots Used in chewing gum and toothpaste In 1603 Sassafras was the first forest product the colonists exported to Europe. The bark was used as a dye. Slide 41 The Herb Layer Slide 42 Wintergreen Slide 43 Ruffed Grouse eat berries and leaves White Tailed Deer eat the twigs in winter Slide 44 Jack-in-the-Pulpit Spring Flowers fill the forest floor before all the leaves come out in the canopy and shrub layer. Slide 45 Slide 46 Slide 47 Slide 48 Slide 49 Slide 50 Slide 51 Slide 52 Slide 53 What is a Native Plant? All the plants that you have just seen are called Native Plants. Slide 54 What is this? Slide 55 Hard to Find Do you know this bird? Slide 56 Hard to Find What kind of birds are these? Slide 57 Hard to Find This is a special bird. Where does it come from? Where does it nest? Slide 58 Why? Loss of Habitat. The birds are missing because they have lost their homes and the native shrubs that have nuts and berries that feed them They have lost the insects that need native plants to eat. Slide 59 Why? Too Many Deer Deer eat a lot of plants Native plants are their favorite. Too many deer means that all the small plants, shrubs and small trees disappear Slide 60 Forest Floor with Too Many Deer Slide 61 Why? Invasive Plants All the animals in the web cant find food if the plants that are growing dont feed insects. They cant find food if invasive plants crowd out native plants Slide 62 What Invasive Plants Do Slide 63 Healthy Forest Slide 64 Healthy Forests Have Many Layers Slide 65 Slide 66 Slide 67 Tomorrow: Invasive Plants and How you can help!