Do Now: What does the phrase “Renaissance Man” mean? Describe in your nb !

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Do Now: What does the phrase “Renaissance Man” mean? Describe in your nb !. The Renaissance. 1350-1600 http:// /index2.cfm. What was the Renaissance?. It means “ rebirth ”; a revival of art & learning Began in northern Italy in the late 14 th C - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Do Now: What does the phrase “Renaissance Man” mean? Describe in your nb !

Do Now: What does the phrase Renaissance Man mean? Describe in your nb!

Do Now: What does the phrase Renaissance Man mean?Describe in your nb!The Renaissance1350-1600

What was the Renaissance?It means rebirth; a revival of art & learningBegan in northern Italy in the late 14th C Spreads through EuroServed as a bridge between Middle Ages & modern times.emergence of a new urban cultureled to innovations in art & literature, the value of the the individual & rise of democratic ideasHow did it start?During the Crusades, Italian city-states had built large fleets of shipsUsed to transport ppl & goodsItaly becomes urbanized while the rest of Europe is more ruralBy the 1300s, the Italian city-states became wealthy from tradeA powerful middle class emergesMainly merchants & bankersCities allow people to exchange ideas more easilyThe Bubonic Plague in the 1300s struck cities hard, (killed 60% of city pop & 1/3 of overall pop)Less laborers means survivors can demand higher payMerchants cant expand business so many turn to the artsThe Italian Renaissance:By the early 15th C, 5 major city-states dominated the Italian peninsula:MilanVeniceFlorenceThe Papal States (centered in Rome)The Kingdom of Naples

Each city-state had its own rulerthe Pope in Rome, the Medici family in Florence, the Doge (an elected leader) in Venice, the Sforza family in Milan, Led to conflict and intense rivalryeither by open warfare or through economic and artistic competitionAs city-state grew wealthier, the pwr of the Church declinedDoctrines like the sinfulness of usury (charging borrowers a fee on money loaned to them) were ignored

1434 Cosimo de Medici wins control of FlorenceMedici were wealthy family of bankers/ largest bank in Eurothe florin ("fiorino d'oro)" of the Rep of Florence was the first Euro gold coinCosimo was wealthiest European of his timeUses his money to Control ruling council by giving them loansFor 30 yrs he serves as dictator of FlorenceMedici family generously supported the arts, commissioned the building of great cathedralscommissioned the best artists of the age to decorate them, like:Botticelli, Brunelleschi, Michaelangelo, Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphaelsupported for education

Procession of the Magi- frescoes painted in the Medici Palace by the Renaissance master Benozzo Gozzoli, 1459-1461.

Cosimo is on the humble donkey. Grandson, Lorenzo on horseback.

Why do you think Gozzoli included portraits of the Medici?Journey of the Magi to Bethlehem, a religious theme, was a pretext to depict the procession of important people who arrived in Florence for the Council of Florence (1438-1439). In this occasion the Medici could boast to have favored the reconciliation between the Catholic and the Byzantine churches.Is it better to be loved more than feared or feared more than loved? (answer in nb. Give at least 2 reasons why you feel this way.)

Political Power & The RenaissanceNiccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince in 1513Focus is how to get & keep power Rejected Medieval thought that rulers must follow Christian morals. Said morality unrelated to politics. Humans are motivated by self-interest. {Men} are ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, covetous, and as long as you succeed they are yours entirely.A prince acts on behalf of state. When possible do good.. BUT be ready to do evil when necessary. The ends justify the means.Today, the name Machiavelli is synonymous with political deceit, cynicism and the ruthless use of power.

-Think like MachiavelliEveryone realizes how praiseworthy it is for a prince to honor his word and to be straightforward rather than crafty in his dealings; none the less, contemporary experience shows that princes who have achieved great things have been those who have given their word lightly, who have known how to trick men with their cunning, and who, in the end, have overcome those abiding by honest principles. According to Machiavelli, how a prince should act?Does Machiavelli think that a prince should prefer to be loved or feared? Why?

HumanismAn intellectual movement focused on human potential & achievements. Secular (= wordly; NOT relig or spiritual)Studied the classics from ancient Greece & Rome. Grammar, poetry, philosophy, history. (where humanities comes from)Francesco Petrarch- Father of Italian Renaissance HumanismStudied Latin manuscripts & used classical LatinWrote sonnets- 14 line poems (most about Laura)Dante wrote The Divine Comedy in local dialectIf I wrote in Latin, only scholars would understand & AchievementsArtsLiteratureExplorationColonies/ExpansioSocietyNobles & aristocrats dominated societyServe prince, be warrior, have character & grace, be educated in the classics & artsPatricians dominated the urban societyBurghers= shopkeepers, artisans, guild mastersWorking class (poor) & unemployed lived difficult lives & made up a large portion of societyFamily held key role. Marriages arranged, dowries given, father made all decisions, mothers role was to supervise house & raise kids. Women were never considered legal adultsComplete analyzing sources p. 473The Northern Renaissance:England, France, Germany, FlandersCultural Diffusion brought Italian Renaissance ideas to Northern Europe.Riches in Italy attracted French king Charles VIII. 1494 claimed throne in Kingdom of NaplesLed an army of 30,000 into northern Italy in 1495Northern Italy asked Spain for help. Battle 30 yrsArtists flee Italy for Northern EuroEngland & France were ruled by monarchsMonarchs sponsored artists & writersThrough their work, they brought ideas of human dignity inspired social reform and artistic expression of realism

In Eng, Renaissance known as Elizabethan Age for Queen Elizabeth I (reigned 1558-1603)Well educated, supported art & litIn England William Shakespeare wrote sonnets, poems & plays.In Spain, Miguel de Cervantes wrote Don Quixote

Chinese were 1st to invent printing. In 13th C, Chinas block printing reached Euro via Muslim traders.1440 Johann Gutenberg, German, improved the printing press Books could be printed quicker & cheaper; no more handwritten copiesBible was 1st full-sized book printed w movable typeAllowed average ppl to buy booksIncreased literacyWriters try to reform societyChristian Humanists critical of the failure of the Christian Church to inspire ppl to live Christian life.Eramuss The Praise of Folly- makes fun of greedy merchants, quarrelsome scholars, snobby priestsThomas Mores Utopia- about imaginary land where there is no greed, war or corruption

How the Renaissance Changed Societyp. 485 Renaissance song