DISEASES !! Our Presentation !!!

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  • 1. WHAT IS A DISEASE ?A pathological condition of a part, organ, or system of an organism resulting from various causes, such as infection, genetic defect, or environmental stress, and characterized by an identifiable group of signs or symptoms.

2. CONTENTS SWINE-FLUDENGUEDISEASES BASED ON SMOKING 3. SWINE-FLU SUB-TOPICS WHATIS SWINE FLU ? CAUSING AGENT SYMPTOMS INCUBATION PERIOD PREVENTIVE MEASURES STATISTICS 4. STATISTICSPLACECASES DEATHSMaharashtra3590195New Delhi336446Tamil Nadu 15246Karnataka1392112Andhra Pradesh 797 52 5. SWINE-FLUSwine influenza, also called pig influenza, swine flu,hog flu and pig flu, is an infection by any one ofseveral types of swine influenza viruses. Swineinfluenza virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenzavirus (S-OIV ) is any strain of the influenza familyof viruses that is endemic in pigs. As of 2009, theknown SIV strains include influenza C and thesubtypes of influenza A known as H1N1, H1N2,H2N1, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3. 6. CAUSING AGENT1)Influenza, commonly referred to as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae (the influenza viruses), that affects birds an mammals.2)Typically, influenza is transmitted through the air by coughs or sneezes, creating aerosols containing the virus. Influenza can also be transmitted by direct contact with bird droppings or nasal secretions, or through contact with contaminated surfaces. Airborne aerosols have been thought to cause most infections, although which means of transmission is most important is not absolutely clear. 7. SYMPTOMS1) High Fever2) Cough3)Running Nose4) Sore Throat5) Body Pains6) Headache7) Shivering8) Diarrhea (Sometimes) 8. INCUBATION PERIOD 9. PREVENTIVE MEASURES As prevention is better that cure, let us knowthe possible precaution and preventivemeasure that can be taken to make sure notto get effected by this natural bio-terrorist. Asthere are chances of spreading this Fluviruses when people with influenza cough orsneeze, everyone should make a specialeffort to avoid contact with potential viruscarriers. 10. Better stay at home if you are sick and takethe advice of your physician if illnesscontinues. Cover your mouth and nose with tissueswhen you sneeze or cough and disposethem properly. Practice good personalhygiene and make sure you use surgicalmasks and gloves and other sanitaryproducts when you are stepping out of yourhome. 11. SUB-TOPICS WHAT IS DENGUE ? CAUSING AGENT SYMPTOMS INCUBATION PERIOD PREVENTIVE MEASURES STATISTICS 12. STATISTICSPLACENO.OF.CASESNEW DELHI886KERALA 713GUJARAT424RAJASTHAN326WEST BENGAL314TAMIL NADU 306MAHARASHTRA226KARNATAKA65ANDHRA PRADESH 59HARYANA79 13. WHAT IS DENGUE ?An acute, infectious tropical disease caused by an virus transmitted by mosquitoes, and characterized by high fever, rash, headache, and severe muscle and joint pain. 14. CAUSING AGENTAedes aegypti The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti is amosquito that can spread the denguefever, Chikungunya and yellow feverviruses, and other diseases. The mosquito can be recognized by whitemarkings on legs and a marking in the form of alyre on the thorax. The mosquito originated inAfrica but is now found in tropical andsubtropical regions throughout the world. 15. INCUBATION PERIOD 16. SYMPTOMS 1)Fever2)Headache3)Muscular and Bone Pain4)Nausea and vomiting5)Loss of appetite6)Increased sensation to touch7)Change in taste sensation8)Symptoms maybe milder in children than inadults 17. Severe abdominal pain, Change in temperature, RestlessnessSigns of circulatory failure Bleeding or hemorrhagic manifestations including:Skin bleeds that appear as blotchy red patchescalled - Petechiae Bleeding from Nose or EpistaxisBleeding from gums Bleeding from Stomach - appearing as blood inthe vomitDecrease in the blood platelet count(Thrombocytopenia) 18. PREVENTIVE MEASURESThe prevention of dengue requires control or eradication of themosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue. To prevent mosquito bites, wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socksand shoes when outdoors. For personal protection, use mosquito repellant sprays that containDEET when visiting places where dengue is endemic. Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day. Therefore, specialprecautions should be taken during early morning hours before daybreak and in the late afternoon before dark. 19. Eliminate stagnant water that serve asmosquito breeding sites at home, workplacesand their vicinity. Using mosquito nets at home and patientsneed to be kept under mosquito netting untilthe second bout of fever is over and they areno longer contagious. Use Mosquito Repellents for EradicatingMosquitoes. 20. DISEASES CAUSED BY SMOKING 21. INTRODUCTION The chemicals and toxicants in tobacco smoke damageDNA, which can lead to cancer. Nearly one-third of allcancer deaths every year are directly linked to smoking.Exposure to tobacco smoke quickly damages bloodvessels throughout the body and makes blood morelikely to clot. This damage can cause heart attacks,strokes, and even sudden death. The chemicals in tobacco smoke inflame the delicatelining of the lungs and can cause permanent damagethat reduces the ability of the lungs to exchange airefficiently and leads to chronic obstructive pulmonarydisease (COPD) 22. CHANGES IN THE BODY 1. Smoking Effects on Lungs LungCancer can occur to smokers. When aperson smoke then tobacco makesblockage in lungs, and gradually itdevelops lung cancer. Smoking createshuge un-natural elements in lungs.Smoking is the reason of uncontrolledgrowth the group of cells, and it is calledcancer. 23. 2. Smoking Effects on RespiratorySystem Smoking badly effects onrespiratory system. Smoking can cause ofdangerous diseases like;Asthma, tuberculosis, chronic bronchitis, lungcancer, emphysema, feeling out ofbreath, pneumonia, cold and flu. 3. Smoking Effects on Digestive SystemSmoking creates harmful effects on digestivesystem. It creates pepticulcers, gallstones, stomach cancer, and heartburn. 24. 4. Smoking Effects on Brain Intoxication increase the blood pressureand mind tissues work as faster as theycan. Brain goes to the un-conscious levelat the time of intoxication and it killsessential tissues of the brain. Nicotine andintoxication elements make blockage inthe supply blood brain tube and it causedangerous diseases. It can also cause ofblood clotting in brain. 5. Smoking Effects on Skin Smokingbadly effects on human skin. It can causeof aging, wrinkles, scarring and capillarieson the skin. Smoke kills the active cells ofskin and it creates problem to people. 25. 6. Smoking Effects on Hands Smoking make poor the bloodcirculation in hands. Smoking effectscan cause of cold fingers, hand painand tar stained fingers. 7. Smoking Effects on Legs Smoking effects badly on legs.Smoking creates problems in leg and itleads to gangrene, leg pain andBeurgers disease. 26. 8. Smoking Effects on Eyes Smokingbadly effects on eyes. It can cause ofglaucoma, cataract, and redness in eyes. 9. Smoking Effects on Teeth and gums Smoking major effects on teeth and gums. Itleads to gingivitis, plaque, bleedinggums, losses teeth and other gum diseases. 10. Smoking Effects on Mouth Smokingcreates bad effects on mouth. It leads to soarthroats, smelly breath, and less sense oftaste. 11. Smoking Effects of Nose Smoking 27. PRECAUTIONSNON SMOKERS: Never share a room with a passivesmoker. Never try to breathe smoke fromindustries Stay away from smokers We should increase the awareness ofdiseases 28. TREATMENT Ransdermal patches (which stick to yourskin), available in formulations that releasenicotine for either 16 hours or 24 hours Chewing gum that is available with either2mg or 4mg of nicotine Inhalators, which look like plastic cigarettesthrough which nicotine is inhaled Tablets and lozenges, which are placedunder your tongue 29. Nasal spray, which passes nicotine through thelining of your noseSide effectsskin irritation when using patches irritation of nose, throat or eyes whenusing a nasal spray disturbed sleep, sometimes with vividdreamsupset stomachdizziness headaches 30. STATSTICS It is estimated that around 30 deathsper day are caused from passivesmoking It has been proven that a passivesmoker living with someone thatsmokes has a 25% increased chance ofdying from a heart attack or stroke thenif they didnt live with a smoker. Passive smoke can have a lot of effectson someone like, headache, cough,sore throat, dizziness, eye irritation, andnausea. 31. CONCLUSIONChronic Bronchitis, asthma Emphysema, heartdisease, are not only crippling to the person that sufferfrom them but their families suffer too. As does societybecause these individuals are taken out of the jobmarket and while their bodys cant function their brainsare generally unaffected. What a waste! The numbersof these sufferers rises every year. And with air pollutionon the rise and global warming with climate change thefuture looks bleak. The one effective treatment for thisproblem is a n all out campaign to stamp out smoking.Especially in children in their formative years, They arespending billions to stamp out illegal drugs which ofcourse, is a major problem but not one penny toeradicate a totally preventable affliction on our society.And the tobacco companies spend millions every yearto lure the kids in. 32. AFRIENDS PRESENTATION