Disaster Terminologies

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    cceptable risk Adaptation Biologicalazard Building code Capacityapacity Development Climate change

    Contingency planning Coping capacityCorrective disaster risk management

    Critical facilities Disaster Disasterisk Disaster risk managementisaster risk reduction Disaster risk

    eduction plan Early warning systemcosystem services El Nio-Southernscillation phenomenon Emergencyanagement Emergency services

    nvironmental degradation Environmentalmpact assessment Exposurextensive risk Forecast Geologicalazard Greenhouse gases Hazardydrometeorological hazard Intensive

    isk Land-use planning Mitigationational platform for disaster risk reductionatural hazard Preparedness Prevention

    Prospective disaster risk managementublic awareness Recovery Residualisk Resilience Response Retrofttingisk Risk assessment Risk managementisk transfer Socio-natural hazardtructural measures Non-structural measures

    Sustainable development Technologicalazard Vulnerability Acceptable riskdaptation Biological hazard Buildingode Capacity Capacity Development

    Climate change Contingency planningCoping capacity Corrective disaster risk

    anagement Critical facilities Disasterisaster risk Disaster risk managementisaster risk reduction Disaster risk

    eduction plan Early warning systemcosystem services El Nio-Southernscillation phenomenon Emergencyanagement Emergency services

    nvironmental degradation Environmentalmpact assessment Exposurextensive risk Forecast Geologicalazard Greenhouse gases Hazardydrometeorological hazard Intensive riskLand-use planning Mitigation National

    latform for disaster risk reduction Natural

    azard Preparedness Preventionrospective disaster risk management PTechnological hazard Vulnerability

    United Nations

    2009 UNISDR Terminologyon

    DisasterRisk Reduction

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    Building code Capacity Capacity DevelopmentClimate change Contingency planning Coping capaci

    Corrective disaster risk management Critical facilitiDisaster Disaster risk Disaster risk management

    Disaster risk reduction Disaster risk reduction plEarly warning system Ecosystem services

    Nio-Southern Oscillation phenomenon Emergenmanagement Emergency services Environmentdegradation Environmental impact assessmentExposure Extensive risk Forecast Geological haza

    Greenhouse gases Hazard Hydrometeorologichazard Intensive risk Land-use planning Mitigati

    National platform for disaster risk reduction Natur

    hazard Preparedness Prevention Prospectidisaster risk management Public awareness RecoveResidual risk Resilience Response Retroftti

    Risk Risk assessment Risk managemeRisk transfer Socio-natural hazard Structurmeasures Non-structural measures Sustainabdevelopment Technological hazard Vulnerabili

    Acceptable risk Adaptation Biological hazardBuilding code Capacity Capacity DevelopmentClimate change Contingency planning Coping capaci

    Corrective disaster risk management Critical facilitiDisaster Disaster risk Disaster risk management

    Disaster risk reduction Disaster risk reduction plEarly warning system Ecosystem services

    Nio-Southern Oscillation phenomenon Emergenmanagement Emergency services Environmentdegradation Environmental impact assessmentExposure Extensive risk Forecast Geological haza

    Greenhouse gases Hazard Hydrometeorologichazard Intensive risk Land-use planning Mitigati

    National platform for disaster risk reduction Natur

    hazard Preparedness Prevention Prospectidisaster risk management Public awareness RecoveResidual risk Resilience Response Retroftti

    Risk Risk assessment Risk managemeRisk transfer Socio-natural hazard Structural measur

    Non-structural measures Sustainable developmeTechnological hazard Vulnerability Acceptab

    risk Adaptation Biological hazard Buildicode Capacity Capacity Development Climachange Contingency planning Coping capacityCorrective disaster risk management Critical facilitiesDisaster Disaster risk Disaster risk managementDisaster risk reduction Disaster risk reduction pl

    Early warning system Ecosystem services

    Nio-Southern Oscillation phenomenon Emergenmanagement Emergency services Environmentdegradation Environmental impact assessmentExposure Extensive risk Forecast Geological haza

    Greenhouse gases Hazard Hydrometeorologichazard Intensive risk Land-use planning Mitigati

    National platform for disaster risk reduction Natur

    hazard Preparedness Prevention Prospectidisaster risk management Public awareness RecoveResidual risk Resilience Response Retroftti

    Published by the United Nations InternationalStrategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)

    Geneva, Switzerland, May 2009

    United Nations, 2009 United Nations International Strategy

    for Disaster Reduction, 2009All rights reserved

    This publication may be freely quoted or reprinted,but acknowledgement of the source is requested.

    The UNISDR encourages its reproduction andtranslation. If any reproductions or translations aregenerated, a copy of the document is requested to

    be forwarded to the UNISDR.

    The English terminology, and its translations intoArabic, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish, are

    available on the UNISDR website at:www.unisdr.org/publications

    and on PreventionWeb at:www.preventionweb.net

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    2009 UNISDR Terminologyon

    DisasterRisk Reduction

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    ilding code Capacity Capacity Developmentimate change Contingency planning Coping capacityCorrective disaster risk management Critical facilitiesDisaster Disaster risk Disaster risk managementsaster risk reduction Disaster risk reduction plan

    Early warning system Ecosystem services El

    o-Southern Oscillation phenomenon Emergencyanagement Emergency services Environmentalgradation Environmental impact assessmentposure Extensive risk Forecast Geological hazardGreenhouse gases Hazard Hydrometeorologicalzard Intensive risk Land-use planning MitigationNational platform for disaster risk reduction Natural

    zard Preparedness Prevention Prospectivesaster risk management Public awareness RecoveryResidual risk Resilience Response Retroftting

    sk Risk assessment Risk managementsk transfer Socio-natural hazard Structuraleasures Non-structural measures Sustainablevelopment Technological hazard Vulnerability

    Acceptable risk Adaptation Biological hazardilding code Capacity Capacity Developmentimate change Contingency planning Coping capacityCorrective disaster risk management Critical facilitiesDisaster Disaster risk Disaster risk managementsaster risk reduction Disaster risk reduction plan

    Early warning system Ecosystem services El

    o-Southern Oscillation phenomenon Emergencyanagement Emergency services Environmentalgradation Environmental impact assessmentposure Extensive risk Forecast Geological hazardGreenhouse gases Hazard Hydrometeorologicalzard Intensive risk Land-use planning MitigationNational platform for disaster risk reduction Natural

    zard Preparedness Prevention Prospectivesaster risk management Public awareness RecoveryResidual risk Resilience Response Retroftting

    sk Risk assessment Risk managementsk transfer Socio-natural hazard Structural measuresNon-structural measures Sustainable developmentTechnological hazard Vulnerability Acceptable

    k Adaptation Biological hazard Buildingde Capacity Capacity Development Climateange Contingency planning Coping capacityrrective disaster risk management Critical facilities

    saster Disaster risk Disaster risk managementsaster risk reduction Disaster risk reduction planrly warning system Ecosystem services disaster

    k management Public awareness Recoverysidual risk Resilience Response Retrofttingsk Risk assessment Risk managementsk transfer Socio-natural hazard Structural measuresNon-structural measures Sustainable developmentTechnological hazard Vulnerability Acceptable

    k Adaptation Biological hazard Building

    de Capacity Capacity Development Climateange Contingency planning Coping capacityrrective disaster risk management Critical facilities

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    01

    The United Nations International Strategy or DisasterReduction (UNISDR) Terminology aims to promotecommon understanding and common usage o disasterrisk reduction concepts and to assist the disaster risk reduction e orts o authorities, practitioners and thepublic. The previous version Terminology: Basic terms

    o disaster risk reduction was published in Living withrisk: a global review o disaster risk reduction initiativesin 2004. The ollowing year, the Hyogo Framework orAction 2005-2015 requested the UNISDR to update andwidely disseminate international standard terminologyrelated to disaster risk reduction, at least in all o cial

    United Nations languages, or use in programme andinstitutions development, operations, research, trainingcurricula and public in ormation programmes.

    The 2009 version is the result o a process o ongoingreview by the UNISDR and consultations with a

    broad range o experts and practitioners in variousinternational venues, regional discussions andnational settings. The terms are now de ned by asingle sentence. The comments paragraph associatedwith each term is not part o the de nition, but isprovided to give additional context, quali cation and

    explanation. It should be noted that the terms are notnecessarily mutually exclusive, and in some cases mayhave overlapping meanings.

    The Terminology has been revised to include wordsthat are central to the contemporary understanding

    and evolving practice o disaster risk reduction butexclude