Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Do They Really Think Differently?
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Digital Natives, Digital ImmigrantsDo They Really Think Differently?EDUC 4306.02 Dr. Dawn Wilson1Digital Natives, Digital ImmigrantsOur students have changed radically. Todays students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach.Marc Prensky
Different kinds of experiences lead to different brain structures.Dr. Bruce D. Perry, Baylor College of Medicine2The Past.
Digital ImmigrantsNot born into the digital world, but have since adjusted to current technologyUse the internet and technologies as a second content sourceLearn step by step; teach step by step4... 1900, 1920, 1930, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2009, Times have changed.
http://scienceblogs.com/clock/past-present-future.jpgThe Current.What the heck is Grandma doing?!?!
Digital NativesTechnology grown individuals (21st century children)Use the internet and technologies as their primary content sourceLearn through interaction; can we teach them?7
http://www.abc.net.au/unleashed/stories/s2623572.htmDo They Really Think Differently?!According to Marc Prensky:Neuroplasticity occurs throughout lifePeople with different inputs think differentlyAs musicians brains are physically different it is very possible that Digital Natives brains are also wired differentlyDigital Natives have hypertext mindsArticle 1:Simulations, Games, and LearningAccording to Diana Oblinger:Promotes active learning either real or simulatedRequires personal goals and decision makingInvolves adaptation and working well with othersCreates stronger logic and social skillsMastery of knowledge and strategic skillsConnections to Learning include:
Article 2:Changing Brains?According to Gary Small, M.D.:More time in one activity = stronger pathways for executing that activityMusicians, AthletesInternet increases brains capacity to be stimulatedGreater working memory, better at perceptual learning, and better motor skills
http://www.drgarysmall.com/images/cover_iBrain_1.jpgGary Small, M.D. Director of the UCLA Memory & Aging Research Center at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior. 10Article 2 (cont):Thinking DifferentlyGary Small M.D. says:Digital Natives make snap decisions Can juggle multiple sources of sensory inputDigital Immigrants brain is trained differently to socialize and learnAddress individual things one at a timeStep-by-step process
11Pros of TechnologyIf a digital native thinks in a different way shouldnt the classroom teach in a different manner as well?Provides independent learningCurriculum available outside the classroomStimulates different learning (auditory, visual)Facilitates different learning (kinesthetic)Prepares students for todays world12
Cons of Technology
13Cons of TechnologyMeaningful Learning with TechnologyAccording to David Jonassen:Thinking is enhanced when learning with technology, not from it.Technologies are tools that engage students in deeper levels of thinking and reasoning, including causal, analogical, expressive, experiential, and problem solving.
Virtual Classroom.http://www.jvkco.net/mrb/technology/classroom.htmlReferencesInterlandi, Jeneen. Reading This Will Change Your Brain. Newsweek 14 Oct. 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2009, from http://www.newsweek.com/id/163924.
Jonassen, D. H. (2000). Computers as mindtools for schools: Engaging critical thinking. Columbus, OH: Prentice-Hall.
Prensky, M. (2001a, September/October). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon, 9(5), 1-6. Retrieved September 14, 2009, from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf.
Prensky, M. (2001b, November/December). Digital natives, digital immigrants, part II: Do they really think differently? On the Horizon, 9(6), 1-6. Retrieved September 14, 2009, from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part2.pdf.
Oblinger, Diana. (2006, May). Simulations, Games, and Learning. Retrieved September 14, 2009, from http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI3004.pdf.17