Devices. Rhyme ï‚‍ Recurring identical or similar final word sounds within or at the...

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Transcript of Devices. Rhyme ï‚‍ Recurring identical or similar final word sounds within or at the...

Poetry

PoetryDevicesRhymeRecurring identical or similar final word sounds within or at the ends of lines of verse.Rhyme scheme refers to rhyming pattern such as: aabb, aacc, etc.

EXAMPLES Meet, greetGander, meanderGrand, landWhere, fair, air, bear, glare

Rhyme SchemeThe Germ by Ogden Nash

A mighty creature is the germ,Though smaller than the pachyderm.His customary dwelling placeIs deep within the human race.His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?You probably contain a germ.

A

AB

BCC

AA

RhythmThe recurring pattern of strong and weak syllabic stresses.When words are arranged in such a way that they make a pattern or beat.

EXAMPLE There once was a girl from ChicagoWho dyed her hair pink in the bathtub

Im making a pizza the size of the sun.

Hint: hum the words instead of saying them.

Meter and FeetMeter is a fixed pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in lines of fixed length to create a rhythm.A foot is the basic measuring unit in a line of poetry, composed of a certain number of stressed and unstressed syllables.

Types of MeterIambic Pentameter: A five measure-line with ten beats (10 syllables with rising and falling stress). Contains five feet.Monometer: One footDimeter: Two feetTrimeter: Three feetTetrameter: Four feetHeptameter: Seven feetOctometer: Eight feet

Types of FeetIambic: Contains one unstressed and one stressed syllable pair.

EXAMPLE (using Iambic Pentameter):

To BE comMENCD in STRONDS aFAR reMOTE. Shakespeares Henry IVTypes of FeetAnapest: A foot consisting of three syllables in which the first two are short or unstressed and the final one is long or stressed.

Twas the NIGHT before CHRISTMAS, when all THROUGH the HOUSE Types of FeetTrochee: A foot that has two syllables in which the first is long or stressed, and the second is short and unstressed.

EXAMPLE:

DOUble, DOUble, TOIL and TROUble Shakespeares MacBethTypes of FeetDactyl: A foot of three syllables in which the first is long or stressed, and the next two are unstressed or short.

EXAMPLE:

TAKE her up TENderly StanzasCouplet=a two line stanzaTriplet (Tercet)=a three line stanzaQuatrain=a four line stanzaQuintet=a five line stanzaSestet (Sextet)=a six line stanzaSeptet=a seven line stanzaOctave=an eight line stanza

POETIC SOUNDS

RepetitionRepeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis.

EXAMPLES Refrains NobodyNo, nobodyCan make it out here alone.Alone, all aloneNobody, but nobodyCan make it out here alone.

AlliterationWhen the first sounds of words repeat.

EXAMPLES

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppersSam sold starfish by the seasideStone Hill school stingraysAssonanceRepetition of vowels sounds.

EXAMPLES

Mad hatterFive timerSake of fateConsonanceRepetition of consonant sounds in the middle or end of words.

Vowels: a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y.Consonants: all other letters.

EXAMPLES East/west, Fast/twist, Want/font, Hop/sapMammals named Sam are clammy.Curse, bless me now! With fierce tears I prey.

OnomatopoeiaWhen a words pronunciation imitates its sound.

EXAMPLES BuzzWoofFizzSizzleHissBoomWhapClinkBeepVroomZipClick

PracticeIll put some lines of poetry on the board and you write down what type of poetic device is being used:

Alliteration, Consonance, Assonance, Repetition, Rhythm, Rhyme, Onomatopoeia

NOTE: Some poems use more than one technique.

PRACTICE #1The cuckoo in our cuckoo clock was wedded to an octopus.She laid a single wooden eggand hatched a cuckoocloctopus

PRACTICE #2They are building a househalf a block downand I sit up herewith the shades downlistening to the sounds,the hammers pounding in nails,thack thack thack thack,and then I hear birds,and thack thack thack,

PRACTICE #3very little love is not so bador very little lifewhat countsis waiting on wallsI was born for thisI was born to hustle roses down the avenues of the dead.

PRACTICE #4The whiskey on your breathCould make a small boy dizzy;But I hung on like death:Such waltzing was not easy.

PRACTICE #5Homework! Oh, homework!I hate you! You stink!I wish I could wash youaway in the sink.

ANSWERSRepetition, rhythm, rhyme, consonance, and light alliteration.Onomatopoeia, consonance, repetitionAlliteration, repetitionRhythm, rhyme, light alliterationRepetition, rhyme, rhythm