Developed and Developing Countries VA SOL objective – WG.8: The student will distinguish between...

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Transcript of Developed and Developing Countries VA SOL objective – WG.8: The student will distinguish between...

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Developed and Developing Countries VA SOL objective WG.8: The student will distinguish between developed and developing countries and relate the level of economic development to the standard of living and quality of life Slide 2 Essential Understanding #1 Levels of economic development vary from country to country and from place to place within countries Slide 3 Essential Understanding #2 Resources and technology influence economic development and quality of life Slide 4 Differences between developed and developing countries 1) Access to natural resources 1) Access to natural resources 2) Access to capital resources Slide 5 3) Numbers and skills of human resources 4) Levels of economic development Slide 6 5) Standards of living and quality of life 6) Relationships between economic development and quality of life Slide 7 Indicators of economic development 1) Urban/rural ratio Slide 8 2) Labor force characteristics: - Primary sector - Secondary sector - Tertiary sector Slide 9 3) GDP per capita GDP = Gross Domestic Product The total market value of all final goods and services produced in a country in a given year, market valuefinal goods servicescountrymarket valuefinal goods servicescountry Per capita = per person Slide 10 4) Educational achievement Slide 11 Indicators of standards of living and quality of life 1) Population growth rate (natural increase) Highest: United Arab Emirates Lowest: Cook Islands 2) Population age distribution Slide 12 3) Literacy rate Slide 13 4) Life expectancy Highest: Macau (84.36 years) Lowest: Swaziland (31.88 years) United States: 78.11 years 5) Infant mortality Highest: Angola (180.21/1000) Lowest: Singapore (2.31/1000) United States: 6.26 Slide 14 6) Percentage of urban population Top 10 Urban Agglomerations in 2000: 1. Tokyo, Japan 2. Mexico City, Mexico 3. New York-Newark, USA 4. Sao Paolo, Brazil 5. Bombay, India 6. Shanghai, China 7. Calcutta, India 8. Delhi, India 9. Buenos Aires, Argentina 10. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, USA