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  • a pat t e r n b o o k f or

    Details and techniques for building andrenovating Gulf Coast houses

    m i s s i s s i p p i r e n e wa l f o r u m

    gulf coast neighborhoods

  • To the Residents of the Gulf Coast:

    As a result of the leadership of the Governor's Commission on Recovery,Rebuilding and Renewal and the efforts of many talented professionals, APattern Book for Gulf Coast Neighborhoods is now available. This valu-able tool marks a new beginning in the rebuilding efforts of our residentsand businesses throughout the Gulf Coast region. While many of our mostloved places have disappeared, we are compelled to rebuild the Coast in atime- honored way. To ensure that this effort is properly performed, I urgebuilders to use this pattern book in their efforts. It will not only result inbeautiful buildings, but also strong and well- protected homes and busi-nesses.

    A Pattern Book for Gulf Coast Neighborhoods follows the tradition ofAmerican town building by providing practical tools and resources for smallbuilders, homeowners and suppliers. In an effort to conserve and restorethe sense of place that is specific to each locality, this book provides a kindof DNA code for our communities and our inherited architecture. Patternbooks have been in use since ancient Roman times, and the British broughtthe idea to the American colonies, where pattern books remained a com-mon town-building tool through the first half of the 20th Century. With-in this pattern book is a resource that offers general direction for charac-ter retention that should be used in both renovation, as well as newconstruction opportunities.

    I wish to thank and acknowledge the many agencies and participantswho contributed in the preparation of this document. So many people haverisen to the challenge of Hurricane Katrina's impact, and I am proud tohave their help in our time of need. Marsha and I look forward to peoplerebuilding our remarkable neighborhoods and communities and hope thispattern book will help bring back some of the best of what we lost.

    Sincerely,

    Haley BarbourGovernor

    Governors Commissionon Recovery, Rebuilding,and RenewalChairman

    Jim Barksdale

    Vice Chairmen

    Derrick Johnson

    Ricky Matthews

    Jerry St. Pe

    Joe Sanderson

    Anthony Topazi

    Outside Counsel

    William Winter

    Commission Staff

    Henry Barbour - Executive Director

    Brian Sanderson - General Counsel

    Emily Fair - Staff Assistant

    a p a t t e r n b o o k f o r g u l f c o a s t n e i g h b o r h o o d s

    Urban Design Associates707 Grant Street, 31st FloorThe Gulf TowerPittsburgh, PA 15219

    www.urbandesignassociates.com

    urban design associates, 2005Drawings in the Gulf Coast Pattern Book are forillustrative purposes only and not to be used forconstruction purposes. A professional architect orengineer should be consulted for any residentialreconstruction.

    Special thanks to all the CNU contributors well asJohn Norquist and his staff for a terrific job organ-izing the design teams. To Andres Duany and thegreat folks at DPZ for their tireless support andwork to bring everyone together to find optionsfor rebuilding in ways that enhance traditionalurbanism in the Gulf Coast.

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    Mississippis Gulf Coast has a rich archi-tectural heritage that has created a col-lection of neighborhoods remarkable fortheir diversity and unique regional char-acter. While the architecture of the hous-es varies from town to town, a commonarchitectural language was shared by theregion's traditional builders which hasresulted in the unique character and qual-ity of neighborhood streets, public spacesand parks, and downtown streets. As wewalk along these streets today, or remem-ber doing so in places that are now gone,it is the graceful porches, the ornamenton top of a porch column, the grandeurof tall narrow windows, and the graceful-ness of a cornice detail that tell us wherewe are and who we are.

    The devastation wrought by hurricanesin the region destroyed many of thebuildings which created these streets,

    Purpose of the Gulf Coast Pattern Book

    Overview of the Gulf Coast Pattern Book

    neighborhoods, and towns. With theurgent need to rebuild, it is essential tofind the most efficient and cost effectivemeans for providing housing and makingit possible to resume activities. However,there is also a danger that the essentialqualities of these places will be lost. Theuse of mass production, standardizedplans, modular units, and the need forspeed, could result in generic buildingsthat seem the same as anywhere else.

    It is also imperative to make sure thenew houses are as well prepared as possi-ble to withstand future storms. FEMA isintroducing new regulations which willresult in further changes in the way inwhich houses are built.

    The Mississippi Renewal Forum hasdeveloped concepts for rebuilding townsand cities in new ways but as traditionalurban environments. That work address-

    This Pattern Book is organized in foursections: The Overview, NeighborhoodPatterns, Architectural Patterns, and Land-scape Patterns. Each section is designed toprovide key information to help informdesign and site planning decisions abouta planned renovation or new house con-struction.

    The Neighborhood Patterns sectionopens with a series of illustrations thatdescribe the way in which individualhouses create a Gulf Coast neighborhoodstreet. Illustrations include different typesof streets including small scale neighbor-hood streets, larger scale streets, and com-mercial streets. It then provides a descrip-tion of the various Gulf Coast

    neighborhoods and relates them to theTransect Zones in the SmartCode whichserved as the basis of the conceptual plansthat developed in the Forum. Each zonehas an appropriate range of building typesand street cross sections. And finally,building types will need to respond toFEMA regulations that control the min-imum floor elevation of buildings. Inaddition to determining the range ofappropriate house types, this will requireparticular care in placing the house on thesite and designing elements such as stairs,porches, and other elements that relatethe house to the street.

    The Architectural Patterns section pres-ents guidelines for building or renovating

    Architectural Patterns

    es the larger scale issues of new urbanpatterns, building relationships and towncharacter. It also has produced somebeautiful, large scale building proposalsfor waterfronts and downtowns.

    A Pattern Book for Gulf Coast Neighbor-hoods provides patterns for traditionalhouses and small commercial buildings asa resource for individual owners, localbuilders, architects and communities asthey rebuild houses, businesses andneighborhoods. Whether repairing adamaged house, erecting a pre-manufac-tured house, or building with conven-tional means and methods, readers willbe able to find appropriate patterns tohelp guide the process of designing andbuilding houses consistent with traditionsof the Gulf Coast. Mississippi architectsare a great resource to help residents andbusiness owners design appropriate build-ings for their towns.

    s e c t i o n

    o v e r v i e w 1

    Purpose and Overview ofthe Gulf Coast Pattern Book 1

    How To Use the Pattern Book forGulf Coast Neighborhoods 2

    s e c t i o n

    n e i g h b o r h o o d p a t t e r n s 4

    Neighborhood Patterns 6

    Building a New TraditionalCommunity 8

    Neighborhood Character 10

    s e c t i o n

    a r c h i t e c t u r a l p a t t e r n s 12

    Gulf Coast Building Types 13

    Kit of Parts Strategies to MeetFEMA Requirements 14

    Building a Gulf Coast House 18

    Gulf Coast Architectural Styles 20

    Gulf Coast Acadian-Creole 22

    Gulf Coast Victorian 28

    Gulf Coast Classical 34

    Gulf Coast Arts & Crafts 40

    Gulf Coast Mixed-Use 46

    Ancillary Structures andGarages 52

    s e c t i o n

    l a n d s c a p e p a t t e r n s 54

    Landscape Elements 55

    s e c t i o n

    a p p e n d i x 58

    House Types 58

    Material Manufacturers 68

    Resources 68

    Glossary of Terms 69

    b a c k c o v e r

    A Pattern Book HistoryNeighborhood Patterns

    A

    B

    C

    D

    E

    Landscape Patterns

    traditional Gulf Coast houses and smallcommercial buildings within a specificarchitectural vocabulary. Four primaryarchitectural traditions found throughoutthe Gulf Coast neighborhoods are illus-trated with key details, materials andshapes to help owners determine theappropriate design elements for theirhouse or building.

    The Landscape Patterns section illus-trates specific examples of fencing, walls,paving, and garden types found in GulfCoast neighborhoods.

    An Appendix, illustrating a variety ofregional house plans and elevations pre-pared by architects as well as a listing ofmaterial resources, reference materialsand a glossary, is also included.

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    a p a t t e r n b o o k f o r g u l f c o a s t n e i g h b o r h o o d s

    How To Use The Pattern Book For Gulf Coast NeighborhoodsStep 1: Identify NeighborhoodType and CharacterThe Neighborhood Patterns section pro-vides an overview of the unique charac-teristics of each type of traditional neigh-borhood street and keys them to thetransect zone which identifies the rangeof appropriate building types, as well asarchitectural character.

    Step 2: Identify Appropriate HouseTypesThe rebuilding effort will identify areasfor different building and lot types, rang-ing from small cottages to large and com-plex mixed use buildings. Review thepotential building types for the site andestablish the minimum required floor ele-vation above grade level for your floodzone. The diagrams on