Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Management Program: Data

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  • ANL/EAD/TM-107

    Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Management Program: Data Compilation for the K-25 Site

    in Support of Site-Specific NEPA Requirements for Continued Cylinder Storage and Cylinder Preparation Activities

    Environmental Assessment DivisionArgonne National Laboratory

    Operated by The University of Chicago,under Contract W-31-109-Eng-38, for the

    United States Department of Energy

  • Argonne National LaboratoryArgonne National Laboratory, with facilities in the states of Illinois and Idaho, isowned by the United States Government and operated by The Universityof Chicago under the provisions of a contract with the Department of Energy.

    This technical memorandum is a product of Argonnes Environmental AssessmentDivision (EAD). For information on the division's scientific and engineeringactivities, contact:

    Director, Environmental Assessment DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonne, Illinois 60439-4832Telephone (630) 252-3107

    Presented in this technical memorandum are preliminary results of ongoing workor work that is more limited in scope and depth than that described in formalreports issued by the EAD.

    Publishing support services were provided by Argonnes Information and Publishing Division (for more information, see IPDs home page: http://www.ipd.anl.gov/).

    DisclaimerThis report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of theUnited States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agencythereof, nor The University of Chicago, nor any of their employees or officers,makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability orresponsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would notinfringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercialproduct, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwisedoes not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, orfavoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views andopinions of document authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflectthose of the United States Government or any agency thereof, Argonne NationalLaboratory, or The University of Chicago.

    Available electronically at http://www.doe.gov/bridge

    Available for a processing fee to U.S. Department ofEnergy and its contractors, in paper, from:U.S. Department of EnergyOffice of Scientific and Technical InformationP.O. Box 62Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0062phone: (865) 576-8401fax: (865) 576-5728email: reports@adonis.osti.gov

  • ANL/EAD/TM-107

    Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Management Program: Data Compilation for the K-25 Site

    in Support of Site-Specific NEPA Requirements for Continued Cylinder Storage and Cylinder Preparation Activities

    Compiled by H.M. Hartmann

    Environmental Assessment DivisionArgonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439

    August 1999

    Work sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology, Office of Depleted UF6 Management

  • This report is printed on recycled paper.

  • Contents K-25 Site

    iii

    CONTENTS

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi

    NOTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii

    ABSTRACT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1

    1 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1

    2 AFFECTED ENVIRONMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1

    2.1 Cylinder Yards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22.2 Site Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52.3 Ambient Air Quality and Airborne Emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52.4 Geology and Soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7

    2.4.1 Topography, Structure, and Seismic Risk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72.4.2 Soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8

    2.5 Water Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-92.5.1 Surface Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-92.5.2 Groundwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11

    2.6 Biotic Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-122.6.1 Vegetation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-122.6.2 Wildlife . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-122.6.3 Wetlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-122.6.4 Threatened and Endangered Species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13

    2.7 Public and Occupational Health and Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-132.7.1 Radiation Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-132.7.2 Chemical Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13

    2.8 Socioeconomics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-162.8.1 Regional Economic Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-162.8.2 Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-172.8.3 Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-172.8.4 Public Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17

    2.9 Waste Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-172.9.1 Wastewater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-182.9.2 Solid Nonhazardous, Nonradioactive Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-192.9.3 Nonradioactive Hazardous and Toxic Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-202.9.4 Low-Level Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-202.9.5 Low-Level Mixed Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20

    2.10 Cultural Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-212.11 Minority and Low-Income Populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22

    3 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF CONTINUED CYLINDER STORAGE AT THE K-25 SITE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1

    3.1 Summary of Continued Cylinder Storage Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7

  • Contents K-25 Site

    iv

    CONTENTS (Cont.)

    3.2 Potential Impacts of Continued Cylinder Storagefor the No Action Alternative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-143.2.1 Human Health Normal Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16

    3.2.1.1 Radiological Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-163.2.1.2 Chemical Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19

    3.2.2 Human Health Accident Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-193.2.2.1 Radiological Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-213.2.2.2 Chemical Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-243.2.2.3 Physical Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28

    3.2.3 Air Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-283.2.4 Water and Soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31

    3.2.4.1 Surface Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-313.2.4.2 Groundwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-323.2.4.3 Soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33

    3.2.5 Socioeconomics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-333.2.6 Ecology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-363.2.7 Waste Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-373.2.8 Resource Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-383.