Defining and Documenting Student Learning Outcomes at Lamar State College-Port Arthur

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Defining and Documenting Student Learning Outcomes at Lamar State College-Port Arthur Slide 2 Why assess student learning? Improve quality of education Student learning The student experience Institutional effectiveness Planning and budgeting Provide accountability to Students Employers Parents External funding sources Transfer institutions SACS-COC THECB Slide 3 Faculty Concerns We already assess: grades. This is additional work. Im too busy. This violates my academic freedom. Degree attainment demonstrates that SLOs are attained. I dont know how. When will this go away? Were only doing this through the SACS study, then we will just quit this assessment business. Slide 4 Why arent grades enough? Inconsistency between instructors teaching the same courses non-standardized grading practices. Grades may reflect student behaviors such as class participation, attendance, citizenship, extra credit, missed assignments, and other factors. Accuracy in assessment requires meaningful data across sections, through time. Slide 5 Sure, the students like our services and programs, and they love our classes, but what evidence do we have that what we are doing is making a difference? Slide 6 Assessment turns colleges from being teacher-centered to being Student & Learning- centered Slide 7 Assessment, defined Assessment is the systemic, methodical collection, review, and use of information about educational programs undertaken for the purpose of improving student learning and development. -- (Palomba & Banta, 1999) Slide 8 A successful assessment program is Continuous and on-going Easy to administer Affordable Timely Meaningful Accessible to users Useful and pertinent The basis for future improvements Slide 9 Questions Guiding Assessment 1. What should students learn from our educational programs and experience? 2. How can we document and evaluate how well we are teaching and how well students are learning? 3. What changes should we make to improve teaching and learning? 4. Do the changes we make actually work? Slide 10 Four levels of college assessment 1. Institutional level 2. Program/departmental level a. General education/core curriculum b. Degree programs c. Developmental education d. Continuing education 3. Course level 4. Individual student level Slide 11 2a: Gen Ed/Core Curriculum Oral and written communication skills Critical thinking skills Mathematical problem-solving skills Information literacy Technology literacy Social and interpersonal skills Cultural/global/diversity skills Slide 12 2c/2d: Developmental and distance education Developmental education is assessed by performance in the next level course Distance education is assessed by its equivalency to traditionally-delivered course material. Slide 13 2b: Assessing departments, degrees, and programs Where to start? Catalog descriptions Syllabi and course outlines Course assignments and tests Textbooks (esp. tables of contents, introductions, and summaries Colleagues Professional associations Slide 14 The vocabulary of assessment Value-added the increase in learning that occurs during a course, program, or undergraduate education (Leskes, 2002) Absolute learning outcome - assesses a learner's achievement against an absolute standard or criterion of performance Embedded assessment - a means of gathering information about student learning that is integrated into the teaching-learning process Authentic assessment - requires students to actively accomplish complex and significant tasks, while bringing to bear prior knowledge, recent learning, and relevant skills to solve realistic or authentic problems Formative assessment - the gathering of information about student learning-during the progression of a course or program and usually repeatedly-to improve the learning of those students (Leskes, 2002) Summative assessment - the gathering of information at the conclusion of a course, program, or undergraduate career to improve learning or to meet accountability demands (Leskes, 2002) Triangulation multiple lines of evidence point to the same conclusion Quantitative - methods that rely on numerical scores or ratings Qualitative - methods that rely on descriptions rather than numbers Slide 15 SLO = ? A.Student Life Organization B.Special Liquor Order C.Student Learning Outcomes D.Space Liaison Officer Slide 16 Student Learning Outcomes, defined Learning outcomes are statements of knowledge, skills, and abilities the individual student possesses and can demonstrate upon completion of a learning experience or sequence of learning experiences (e.g., course, program, degree). (Barr, McCabe, and Sifferlen, 2001) Slide 17 SMART SLOs Smart Measurable Attainable Realistic and Results-Oriented Timely Hmmm. Slide 18 Good learning outcomes are: Learner centered Key to the course, program, and institutional mission Meaningful to both students and faculty Measurable Slide 19 SLOs at Different Levels Course Level: Students who complete this course can calculate and interpret a variety of descriptive and inferential statistics. Program Level: Students who complete the Psychology program can use statistical tools to analyze and interpret data from psychological studies. Institutional Level: Graduates from our campus can apply quantitative reasoning to real-world problems. Slide 20 Program-level SLOs vs Course-level SLOs Program-level SLOs (PSLOs) are a holistic picture of what is expected of students completing a defined program or course of study. PSLOs should reflect the total learning experiences in the program not just the courses taken. Course-level SLOs (CSLOs) are a holistic picture of what is expected of students completing a particular course. CSLOs should be related to the PSLOs and the institutional mission. Slide 21 Writing Student Learning Outcomes 1. Identify what the student should learn: a. What should the student be expected to know? b. What should the student be expected to be able to do? c. How is a student expected to be able to think? 2. Keep the outcomes to a single, simple sentence 3. Be as specific as possible 4. Use active verbs that describe an observable or identifiable action (see Blooms Taxonomy) 5. Identify success criteria 6. Think about how you will measure the outcomes (documentation, artifacts, evidence) Slide 22 Blooms Taxonomy Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Higher- order, critical thinking Lower- order, recall Slide 23 Blooms Taxonomy Higher- order, critical thinking Lower- order, recall Knowledge: To know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories. Comprehension: To understand, interpret, compare and Contrast, explain. Application: To apply knowledge to new situations, to solve problems. Analysis: To identify the organizational structure of something; to identify parts, relationships, and organizing principles. Synthesis: To create something, to integrate ideas into a solution, to propose an action plan, to formulate a new classification scheme. Evaluation: To judge the quality of something based on its adequacy, value, logic, or use. Slide 24 What are the problems with these SLOs? The student will complete a self-assessment survey. The student will appreciate the benefits of exercise. The student will develop problem-solving skills and conflict resolution skills. The student will strengthen his/her writing skills. 100% of students will demonstrate competency in managing a database. Slide 25 . Stronger SLOs (Students will be able to is assumed) Articulate five health-related stress impacts on the body. Analyze a nutrition food label and explain various components of that food label and their relation to healthy food choices. Apply principles of logical argument in their writing. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of open and closed source software development models. Demonstrate appropriate First Aid procedures on a heart attack victim. Slide 26 SLO Assessment Is designed to improve student learning Is faculty-driven Is an on-going, not episodic, process Is important to close the loop or act on the findings Is about evaluating the effectiveness of programs, courses, and services, not individual students or individual instructors. SLO Assessment is Meaningful Measureable Sustainable Slide 27 Process for measuring SLOs Create written statements of measureable SLOs Choose the evaluation tools Set standards for levels of performance on each SLO Identify observable factors that provide the basis for assessing which level of performance has been achieved Set benchmarks Evaluate student performance, assemble data, and report results Use results to improve student learning Slide 28 Good evidence is Relevant meaningful Verifiable reproducible Representative sample size Cumulative over time Actionable usable results Slide 29 Using a Rubric A rubric is simply a table in which you connect your student learning objective to the measurement of success. The next development activity will cover rubrics more thoroughly. Accomplished (3) Competent (2) Developing (1) Not Observed (0) SLO 1 Success Criteria Success Criteria Success Criteria SLO 2 Success Criteria Success Criteria Success Criteria SLO 3 Success Criteria Success Criteria Success Criteria SLO 4 Success Criteria Success Criteria Success Criteria Slide 30 Identifying Success Criteria PSLODeveloping (1) Competent (2) Accomplished (3) Not Observed (0) Rating Apply current trends in medical insurance, HIPAA guidelines, and coding systems. Occasional insight of insurance trends and understands current coding systems. Moderate insight and analysis of insurance trends and usually able to locate a code. Exceptional insight and analysis of insurance trends and mastery of the technique for locating a medical code. Not enough information to assess. Example from Medical Office Administration Program The success criteria are the benchmarks of successful attainment of the SLO. The example abov