Curtain Wall, from Design to Completion Curtain Wall, from Design to Completion. Trends in Curtain...

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Transcript of Curtain Wall, from Design to Completion Curtain Wall, from Design to Completion. Trends in Curtain...

  • Nina Yiu

    Ove Arup & Partners

    Building Envelope Design

    Curtain Wall, from Design to Completion

  • Trends in Curtain Wall Design

  • Fenestrations

    of the past

  • 5 1973 1980

    1950-60 1977

    http://hongwrong.com/hong-kong-skyline-through-the-years/

    1990s

    1980s

    http://hongwrong.com/hong-kong-skyline-through-the-years/

  • Shanghai Liang-yi 1983 SZ World Trade 1985Beijing Great Wall Hotel 1984

    Shenzhen Jinguang Center 1995 Lingbo Hualiang 1996 Shanghai Jing-mo1998

    1980 ~ 1990

    Birth of the

    Curtain wall

    Beijing World Trade Center 1995GZ International 1990 Shanghai Jing-mao 1998

  • Beijing Great Wall Hotel 1984

    2000’s

    Advancement

    in Façades

    Rapid economic growth

    Surge of high-rise buildings

    Unitized curtain wall became

    more prevalent

    Construction means and

    methods improved

    Shanghai K11 2002 Shanghai Shimao International Plaza 2005

  • 2000’s

    Advancement

    in Façades

    Manufacturing sector grew rapidly

    New wealth created

    Crave new design

    and technology

    Asia Alum. HQ 2008

  • 2000’s

    Advancement

    in Façades

    International Architects

    Brought in advanced

    technology from overseas

    Develop domestic

    manufacturers’ skills

    Supply chain also excels

    Better design and

    performing product

    Apple store @ Henderson Metropolitan 2011 Shanghai CNPC 2012

  • Beijing GreenPix media wall 2008

  • Tianjin Yujiapu Railway Station 2015

  • Iconic project

    Company identity

    Show case

    Competition

    Beijing Parkview 2012

  • © CNN

  • Future

    Endeavors

    Challenging

    projects will

    continue

    Lead in super high-

    rise buildings

    More in the

    planning stage

    © CTBUH

  • © Inhabitat

    Future

    Endeavors

    Sustainability

  • Hong Kong Construction Industry Council Zero Carbon Building

    Ronald Lu & Partners (HK) Ltd

    2012

  • Sun path

    Day lighting

    Wind movement

    Natural ventilation

    Integrated landscape

    Heat island effect

  • A smart building with 3,000 sensors reporting on

    performance. Results are displayed interactively on a

    3-D model of the building in real time.

    Four microclimate monitoring stations around the site

    to understand its performance and interaction with

    surroundings.

    Ultra-energy-efficient building systems with smart control monitors.

    On-site renewable energy generation of photovoltaic and biodiesel tri-generation.

  • 23

    BIQ: Bioreactive Façade

    (Algae Façade)

    Completed 2012

    Pilot project BIQ IBA, Hamburg

    By Colt, Arup, Strategic Science Consult

  • 24 SolarLeaf by Colt + Arup + SSC

    The “SolarLeaf” Concept

    Function:

    • Photobioreactor

    • Solar thermal collecter

    • Dynamic shadding

  • 25 Bioreactive Façade / Algae Façade

    Building Integration

    BIOMASS BIO GAS Geothermal Storage

    Heat Exchanger

    Biomass Harvest

    Micro CHP

    Central Energy Plant

    Heat pump

    Warm water

    Heat

  • 26

    Renewable Energy Micro algae capture solar energy to generate biomass, biomass can be

    stored without losses and can be converted to bio gas

  • 27

    Geo-Engineering Institution of mechanical engineers

  • © zj.zjol.com.cn

  • 29

    Green Roofs

    Ideal Greenery-on-Metal Roof (Exemplar Performance)

    Substrate

     200-300mm depth

     Adequate drainage & retention

    ability

     Sourced locally

     With recycled contents

     Erosion control measures

     High organic matter & density

    Green Roof Materials

     Drainage mat with retention ability

     Filter layer leakage

     ≥20% of green roof components

    with recycled contents

     ≥20% sourced from HK & nearby

    Sustainability Design

    Factors Plants

     Moss/sedum, meadow & shrub

    vegetation

     Dense plant coverage

     LAI ≥4

     Plant height ≤300mm

     High root density & deep rooted

     ≥30% water efficient species

     ≥30% drought resistant species

     Medium diversity (20-50%) from

    ≥1 taxa group

     70-95% native / adapted plant

    species

     ≥5 pollinator attracting plants

     ≥1 rare plant species from 2-3 taxa

    groups

     Plants that are in-leaf year round

     Leaves with parallel, pronounced

    grooves, small barbs, less waxy

    surfaces

     Plant species requiring less

    fertiliser

     Plants established before rainy

    season

    Irrigation Management

     Adequate irrigation & maintenance

     Drip system or low-pressure

    sprinklers

     Weather based sensors

     More efficient emitters with lower

    flow rates

     Correctly pressurised spray heads /

    nozzles

     Rainwater harvesting

  • 30

    Stormwater

     Increasing arthropod abundance and richness and sustain

    pollinators

     Improving vegetation survival & reduce maintenance

    rates

     Reducing the transmission of sound from the exterior

    to the interior of buildings

     Reducing the transmission of sound across their

    surface to reduce urban noise levels

     Trapping wind-blown particulates PM 2.5 and PM 10

    using the surfaces of the plants

     Sequestering carbon dioxide and other gaseous pollutants

     Breaking down certain organic compounds

     Reducing energy consumption and associated benefits

     Having environmental benefits

     Increasing the life span of the metal roof due to reduced

    ultraviolet radiation

     Increasing embodied carbon during manufacturing,

    transportation and installation.

     Requiring water, fertiliser and transportation through

    maintenance.

     Requiring disposal at the end of its life cycle.

     Requiring irrigation to maintain adequate substrate

    moisture

     Requiring pumping energy to operate the irrigation

    system

     Requiring management

     Absorbing and storing heat in the vegetation

     Shading the roof surface by the vegetation

     Cooling by evapotranspiration from the vegetation

     Insulation by the soil

     Cooling by evaporation from the soil

     Providing shade and insulation for roofs through its

    soil and vegetation

     Cooling ambient temperature through the

    evapotranspiration process of plants

     Warming up more slowly

     Intercepting rain using the vegetation surfaces

     Retaining rainwater within the substrate

     Retaining rainwater within the drainage and retention

    layer and moisture retention mat

     Absorbing moisture through its plant roots

     Storing water in plant tissues before evapotranspiration

    into the atmosphere

    Energy

    Urban Heat Island

    Irrigation

    Stormwater Life Cycle

    Air Pollution

    Acoustics

    Biodiversity

    Stormwater

     Increasing arthropod abundance and richness and sustain

    pollinators

     Improving vegetation survival & reduce maintenance

    rates

     Reducing the transmission of sound from the exterior

    to the interior of buildings

     Reducing the transmission of sound across their

    surface to reduce urban noise levels

     Trapping wind-blown particulates PM 2.5 and PM 10

    using the surfaces of the plants

     Sequestering carbon dioxide and other gaseous pollutants

     Breaking down certain organic compounds

     Reducing energy consumption and associated benefits

     Having environmental benefits

     Increasing the life span of the metal roof due to reduced

    ultraviolet radiation

     Increasing embodied carbon during manufacturing,

    transportation and installation.

     Requiring water, fertiliser and transportation through

    maintenance.

     Requiring disposal at the end of its life cycle.

     Requiring irrigation to maintain adequate substrate

    moisture

     Requiring pumping energy to operate the irrigation

    system

     Requiring management

     Absorbing and storing heat in the vegetation

     Shading the roof surface by the vegetation

     Cooling by evapotranspiration from the vegetation

     Insulation by the soil

     Cooling by evaporation from the soil

     Providing shade and insulation for roofs through its

    soil and vegetation

     Cooling amb